DEFINITION OF JSA A job hazard analysis is a technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify and mitigate hazards before they occur. It focuses on the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment.
SELECTION OF JOBS Jobs with the highest injury or illness rates Jobs with the potential to cause severe or disabling injuries or illness, even if there is no history of previous accidents Jobs in which one simple human error could lead to a severe accident or injury Jobs that are new to your operation or have undergone changes in processes and procedures Jobs complex enough to require written instructions.
JSA Team Who is involved in the JSA process? 1. Area In-charge / Section Head or appropriate trained designate – JSA Leader 2. Concerned Operation Engineer 3. Area Maintenance Engineer 4. Project Engineer (if required) 5. Maintenance Technicians (Contract / permanent) Completed prior to the start of any job/work task and discussed with personnel completing the work and personnel in the work area.
Survey The Job Site Conditions Slip, trip & fall hazards. Moving machinery. Illumination. Noise. Work at elevations. Chemicals. Airborne contaminants. Electricity. PPE requirements. Confined spaces. Material handling
Breakdown Job Into Steps Order of occurrence. Avoid too much detail. Avoid generalizing or combining steps.
Identify The Hazards List all possible hazards for each step. Do not omit possible hazards by rationalizing probability.
Develop Controls Engineering controls Administrative controls Work Practices Personal Protective Equipment
Engineering Controls Engineering controls eliminate exposure to the hazard by: Isolating the hazard from the employee. Improving (redesign) work area layout. Substituting less hazardous product. Modifying equipment.
Administrative Controls Administrative controls reduce employee exposure to a hazard by: Reducing the frequency of performing the hazardous task. Rotating employees to reduce exposure time. Training employees to recognize hazards and employ safety practices.
Work Practices Work practice controls include: Workplace rules Safe & healthful work practices Personal hygiene Housekeeping and maintenance Procedures for specific operations and maintenance
Personal Protective Equipment OSHA requires employers to provide PPE to reduce employee exposure to hazards when engineering and administrative controls are not feasible or effective PPE alone should not be relied on to protect against hazards; other uses include guards, engineering controls, and sound manufacturing practices.
JSA PROCEDURE SUMMARY STEP 1: Select the job STEP 2: Perform the Analysis STEP 3: IDENTIFY HAZARDS STEP 4: DEVELOP SOLUTIONS STEP 5: Conduct a Follow-up Analysis STEP 6: Use of the Job Safety Analysis STEP 7: Recordkeeping