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Job Safety Analysis Training

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  • 1. JOB SAFETY ANALYSIS PAKARAB FERTILIZERS LTD By: ADNAN MUAZZAM
  • 2. DEFINITION OF JSA A job hazard analysis is a technique that focuses on job tasks as a way to identify and mitigate hazards before they occur. It focuses on the relationship between the worker, the task, the tools, and the work environment.
  • 3. JSA
  • 4. SELECTION OF JOBS Jobs with the highest injury or illness rates Jobs with the potential to cause severe or disabling injuries or illness, even if there is no history of previous accidents Jobs in which one simple human error could lead to a severe accident or injury Jobs that are new to your operation or have undergone changes in processes and procedures Jobs complex enough to require written instructions.
  • 5. RISK MATRIX
  • 6. DEVELOPMENT PROCESS
  • 7. JSA Team Who is involved in the JSA process? 1. Area In-charge / Section Head or appropriate trained designate – JSA Leader 2. Concerned Operation Engineer 3. Area Maintenance Engineer 4. Project Engineer (if required) 5. Maintenance Technicians (Contract / permanent) Completed prior to the start of any job/work task and discussed with personnel completing the work and personnel in the work area.
  • 8. Survey The Job Site Conditions Slip, trip & fall hazards.  Moving machinery. Illumination.  Noise. Work at elevations.  Chemicals. Airborne contaminants.  Electricity. PPE requirements.  Confined spaces.  Material handling
  • 9. Breakdown Job Into Steps  Order of occurrence.  Avoid too much detail.  Avoid generalizing or combining steps.
  • 10. Identify The Hazards List all possible hazards for each step. Do not omit possible hazards by rationalizing probability.
  • 11. Develop Controls  Engineering controls  Administrative controls  Work Practices  Personal Protective Equipment
  • 12. Engineering Controls Engineering controls eliminate exposure to the hazard by:  Isolating the hazard from the employee.  Improving (redesign) work area layout.  Substituting less hazardous product.  Modifying equipment.
  • 13. Administrative Controls Administrative controls reduce employee exposure to a hazard by:  Reducing the frequency of performing the hazardous task.  Rotating employees to reduce exposure time.  Training employees to recognize hazards and employ safety practices.
  • 14. Work Practices Work practice controls include:  Workplace rules  Safe & healthful work practices  Personal hygiene  Housekeeping and maintenance  Procedures for specific operations and maintenance
  • 15. Personal Protective Equipment  OSHA requires employers to provide PPE to reduce employee exposure to hazards when engineering and administrative controls are not feasible or effective  PPE alone should not be relied on to protect against hazards; other uses include guards, engineering controls, and sound manufacturing practices.
  • 16. JSA PROCEDURE SUMMARY STEP 1:  Select the job STEP 2:  Perform the Analysis STEP 3:  IDENTIFY HAZARDS STEP 4:  DEVELOP SOLUTIONS STEP 5:  Conduct a Follow-up Analysis STEP 6:  Use of the Job Safety Analysis STEP 7:  Recordkeeping
  • 17. THANK YOU QUESTION & ANSWERS

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