Let’s find first What is Anxiety What is an Anxiety disorder? The anxiety disorders are the most common, or frequently occurring, mental disorders. They encompass a group of conditions that share extreme or pathological anxiety as the principle disturbance of mood or emotional tone. Anxiety manifest as the disturbance of mood, as well as of thinking, behavior, and
Generalized Anxiety Disorder It is a common anxiety disorder that involves chronic worrying, nervousness, and tension *it is relatively common anxiety problem that turns daily life into a state of worry, anxiety and fear, and effects daily works , The anxiety that lasts 6 months is coined Generalized Anxiety Disorder. In GAD, fear is not connected with specific thing or situation. It makes normal life difficult and relaxtation impossible It occurs more in women, with a sex ratio of about 2 women to 1 man
People with GAD may Get worry little or no reason to worry. They are just anxious about getting through the day. They thinks, things will always go badly. They worry excessively and uncontrollably about daily life events and activities. They often experience uncontrollable physical symptoms.
Different Explnataions by1)Psychodynamic perspective2) Humanistic perspective3) Cognitive perspective4) Biological perspectiveLet’s see what these perspective say about how GAD occur and what are their therapies?
Acc: to Sigmund freudEarly developmental experience of person may produce an unusually high level of anxiety when they showing their id impulse and punished,child then believes that his id impulses are very dangerous, and he may then experience over whelming anxiety whenever he has such impluses,Alternately child’s ego defense mechanism may become too weak to cope with even normal anxiety levels. They become over protected by parents from all frustrations and threats, have little opportunity to develop effective defense mechanism. This child when face the pressures of adult life, his defense mechanism may be too weak to cope the resulting anxiety and then this anxiety develops into GAD.
Psychodynamic therapy• Free association• Therapist’s interpretations of transference, resistance, and dreams.• Object relation therapists( to help anxious patients identify and settle the childhood relationship problems)
Acc: to Carl RogerWhen children fails to receive unconditional positive regard and receive conditioned regard so children become severely critical of themselves and develop harsh standards, when they try to meet Parents or others conditioned regard by repeatedly distorting and denying their true thoughts and experiences. resulting they stop looking at themselves honestly and acceptingly but repeatedly denying of their thoughts, emotions and behavior. Despite this self-judgment keep breaking through and
Humanistic therapyClient-centered therapy:-Try to show unconditional positive regard for GAD person and to emphasize them.To this therapy GAD person identify their true needs, thoughts and
According to Albert Ellis Interpret the situation as Stressful dangerous and situation(like threatening exam) to experiencesIrrational fearassumptions(falsebelieves)
Meta cognitive theoryAcc: to Adrian Wells, the most problematic assumptions at work in GAD are the individual’s beliefs about worrying itself. Worries further categorized as positive and negative beliefsPositive Beliefs:- people believe that worrying is a useful way of appraising and coping with threats in life and they at this
Negative beliefs:-Society teaches them that worryis bad, then individual come tobelieve that their repeatedworrying is harmful.
Avoidance theoryAcc: to Thomas Borkovec, worry serves positive function for individual.GAD people have great bodily arousal Borveck found that GAD people worry repeatedly to reduce or avoid somatic arousal
Cognitive therapy1) Therapists help GAD person to change the maladaptive assumptions and related dysfunctional thinking2) In other, therapists help GAD person to understand that worrying may play in the disorder and to change their views about and reactions to worrying.3) Rational-emotive therapy( more appropriate assumptions and assigns homework to the GAD person, that gives the individual practice at
Biological perspectiveInherited disorder also cause GAD,Deprivation of neurotransmitter like GABA, which stops neuron to stop firing, may cause GAD, because continuously firing of neurons produce anxiety which then leads to great anxiety
Biological TherapyDrugs like Benzodiazepine and antidepressant drugs can relief GAD
“If you believe that feeling bad or worrying long enough willchange a past or future event, then you are residing onanother planet with a different reality system”William James