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Project on Automation of Agriculture...

Project on Automation of Agriculture...

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    Tbi presentation Tbi presentation Presentation Transcript

    • Automatic Drip Irrigation System
    • Introduction:
      • In India economy is mainly based on agriculture.
      • The continuous extraction of water from earth is reducing the water level.
      • Unplanned use of water results in significant amount of water goes waste.
      • Poor irrigation efficiency of conventional irrigation system reduced the anticipated outcome of investments made towards water resource development
    • Drip Irrigation:
      • Drip irrigation system delivers water to the crop using a network of mainlines, sub-mains and lateral lines with emission points spaced along their lengths.
      • Water and nutrients enter the soil from the emitters, moving into the root zone of the plants
    • Drip Irrigation system
    • Field Work:
      • Surveyed area is 30 Acres and they are using 60,000 ltrs of water daily for drip which is reduced from 1 lakh litres by normal irrigation methods.
      • Tank capacity is 1.5 lakhs of litres.
      • Electricity supply is 4-6 hrs daily for agriculture and even less in summer.
      • Normal irrigations requires 1 lakh lit of water for 3 acers
      • 20 min of water supply of 2 days for each plant by drippers.
      • .
      • For an acre the equipment cost is nearly Rs 10,000.
      • There is 1 main line and 7 sub lines.
      • Main line is of 90mm.
      • Sub line is of 60mm.
      • Each tree needs 25-30 liters of water per day in normal times. And 50 liters in yielding season.
      • Water flow rate to tank is 120 liters/min.
      • Water flow rate from tank to field is 420 liters/min.
    • Proposed system:
      • To eliminate the electricity shortage, we use a battery back up which serves best in summer.
      • The water wastage can be reduced upto 60% by this automated system by using sensors.
      • Manual intervention is reduced.
      • The yield will be improved by this system.
    • Problem Statement:
      • Nearly 20% of the farmers are dependent on electric water pumps for irrigation which demands electricity.
      • The increased demand for power in urban areas have further deteriorated the power supply to agriculture sectors .
      • we use battery bank setup to avoid the effects of the unavailability of the electric power during the peak hours.
      • Though the farmer is not availed with electricity, he can run the motor pump and necessary loads with the battery backups.
    • Overview of implementation
    • Functional Diagram
    • Sensor
    • Relay Circuit
    • Total setup
    • LCD Display
    • Analog to Digital Conversion
    •  
    • sensor
    • SOIL MOISTURE MONITORING:
      •   Irrigation management is about deciding when to irrigate and how much water to apply.
      • Yields can suffer if irrigation is delayed and available moisture within the root zone of the crop is appreciably reduced.
      • Irrigation efficiency is reduced if water is applied in excess of what the soil can infiltrate or retain.
      • The soil moisture status within irrigated fields is critical information to maximize the irrigation efficiency.
      • Moisture content differs for different kinds of soils.
      • Basic types of soils include.
      • Sandy soil
      • Clay soil
      • Loam soil
    • Sandy soil
    • Sandy Loam Soil
    • Clay Soil
    • Loam Soil
    • Gumbo Soils
    • Sandy Loam/Clay Loam
    • The pros of this venture are:
      •  
        • Intelligent and Efficient management of resources
        • Precise control of operation
        • Accuracy on the parameters
        • Timely action
        • Robust and Reliable
        • Low cost with greater technology
        • Easy going
        • Eco Friendly
    •