India 120905011400-phpapp02


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India 120905011400-phpapp02

  1. 1. Main Industry Sectors Economic Overview Foreign Direct Investment [FDI] FDI Government Measures Country Strong Points Country Weak Points Foreign Trade Overview
  2. 2. India is the world's fourth agricultural power in the world. Agriculture contributes to about 20% of the GNP and employs close to two- thirds of the active population in India. The main agricultural products are: wheat, millet, rice, corn, sugar cane, tea, potatoes and cotton. India is also the second producer of cattle, third producer of sheep and fourth in fishing production. Coal is the country's main energy source (India is the third largest world producer of coal).
  3. 3. In the manufacturing industry, textile plays a predominant role. Chemical industry is the second largest industrial sector (12% of the GNP) in terms of size. Services sector is the most dynamic part of the Indian economy and contributes to more than half of its GDP, and employ but a third of its active population. The software sector, which grows rapidly, is boosting the export of services and modernizing the Indian economy
  4. 4. India is amongst the world's 10 largest economies. The average GNP growth rate was 9.4% in average over the period 2006-07. This growth rate dropped during the global recession, the crisis affected India by the increase of risk aversion, a withdrawal of foreign capital and the drop of global demand. India was a country that quickly got out of the crisis, its growth was stimulated by private consumption and by the state's expenditures. From 5.7% in 2009, the growth has jumped up and it is expected to reach 9.7% in 2010 according to the estimations.
  5. 5. The government has established as top priorities to modernize the economic structure and to fight against poverty. key Programs has been initialized for jobs, health, education, infrastructures and rural communities. The pursuit of a re-balance in public finance is also projected, the objective is to bring the deficit to 5.5% of the GDP. India remains a poor country: the GDP per capita is low, almost 25% of the population still lives below the poverty line and the inequalities are very strong.
  6. 6. Thanks to its many assets, especially a high specialization in services, with skilled, English-speaking and inexpensive labor force, and a potential market of one billion inhabitants, India is a country that welcomes more and more foreign investment. The inflow of FDI in India registered a record of USD 40 billion in 2008, and the FDI has remained, since then, very stable. In the global economy crisis, the foreign investors tried to limit their exposition in the surging markets. However, there was not a decline of FDI in India. According to the UNCTAD report, India is placed in third position in terms of FDI inflows in 2009.
  7. 7. The government has set up tax and non-tax incentives to establish new industrial such as energy, ports, highways, electronics and software. The government has also created special areas dedicated to export, called export-processing zones (EPZs) or special economic zones (SEZs), to encourage foreign investment. The central government development banks and state industrial development banks offer medium to long-term loans and sometimes invest their own capital in new projects. The government has set sector-specific ceilings on foreign assets in certain industries, such as basic and cellular telecommunications services, banking, retail and civil aviation.
  8. 8. A three-tiered democratic system with a stable political environment; A well developed administration and an independent judicial system; A vast geography making India a repository of resources; An unparallel resource of an educated, hard-working and skilled work force, which includes engineers, management personnel, accountants and lawyers; A ever growing consumer base making it one of the world's largest markets for manufactured goods and services; A dynamic and robust financial system consisting of a comprehensive banking network, a number of financial institutions both at the national and State levels as well as a vibrant financial market; An economy that will continue to grow despite the international economic crisis.
  9. 9. The corruption (particularly at the federal level) Political pressures; Restricted FDI in certain sectors; The weakness of infrastructures; Inadequate security & safety in certain areas.
  10. 10. India was a protectionist state for a long time, but recently the country has become progressively more open to international trade. India has signed free trade agreements with South Korea and the ASEAN, and has entered into negotiations with several partners (EU, MERCOSUR, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa). India recorded a high commercial deficit due to the price rise of raw materials which increased the import invoices. India have recorded a lower progression during the last recent years due to the rise of the rupee in relation to the dollar (most of the exports are drawn up in dollars) and the decline of the global demand. During the economic crisis, exports dropped at a slower rhythm than imports, creating a reduction of the commercial deficit. The main trade partners of India are the European Union, the United Arab Emirates, China and the United States.
  11. 11. Made By: ADVIKA DWIVEDI
  12. 12. Visit us to download for related reports Market Opportunities of products and Services in India Export and investment sector opportunities in India Overview of Trade Regulations, Customs and Standards in India Indian Investment guide for beginners Business and Project Financing in India Business Travel Advisory in India
  13. 13. Country List                 China Mexico United States India Canada Russia Hong Kong Colombia Brazil Turkey Indonesia Egypt Singapore United Kingdom Italy Japan                 Australia Germany France Spain South Korea Vietnam Saudi Arabia Poland South Africa Nigeria Argentina UAE Netherland Sweden Thailand Israel …. and more
  14. 14. International Market Research Report on 300+ topics over 100 countries Need additional reports ? Market Share Distribution and business practices Market Size Statistical data Market Trends End user analysis Market access strategies Import and Export information Market Analysis Competitions Domestic production Best sales prospects Tariffs and regulations Trade shows and contact points