Last minute


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Students of NUML university, Pakistan Mass Comm Semester 1.

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Last minute

  2. 2. “THE LAST MINUTE” “Every minute is the last minute.”Sana KhanJaveria ManzoorMaryam SajjadMoneeba Mazhar
  3. 3. TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction Deadline Don’t Believe Your Mother Tweaking For The Web Developing stories, Up-dates and Follow-ups Conclusion
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION Every minute is the last minute because of the constant updating of online news sites. It is to put finishing touches to a story. History: First half of 20th century. Message boards. Now 21st century. Electronic media Online Media
  5. 5. DEADLINE “The time by which a news report must be submitted.” Deadline must be meant to keep the whole process on schedule. The biggest single difference between the job of the online reporter and that of other traditional journalists is the DEADLINE involved.
  6. 6. DEADLINE IN NEWSPAPER In newspaper, reporters have main or fixed deadline. The single-deadline day is emerged from the technology of newspapers. Deadline in Television Television reporters have generally had multipledeadlines. TV channels can cover only one story at a time. News networks can “crawl” their updates information across the bottom of TV screen.
  7. 7. DEADLINE IN ONLINE MEDIA In online journalism there is a constant or “rolling deadline.” In online journalism getting a scoop is not a matter of hours but of minutes. Online news sites have to meet their audiences deadline not their own. In online medium, deadline will vary according to the timeliness and importance of the story.
  8. 8. DON’T BELIEVE YOUR MOTHER “If your mother says, she loves you check it out.” Journalists are also encouraged to be skeptical without being cynical .
  9. 9. DON’T BELIEVE YOURMOTHER Specific Events: In any story most of the substance of your article will be based on straight forward facts about that event. Less Concrete Events: Dealing with stories of less concrete nature fact checking is more difficult and more necessary. Journalistic Credibility: The best opinion writing backup its argument with facts wherever possible and with other informed opinion. Process of Fact Checking: The process of fact checking is beyond simply verifying individual pieces of information.
  10. 10. RECHECK, RECHECK, RECHECK Source should gathered solid information. Submit story only when reporter is confirmed about a particular story. Make sure all names and job titles are correct. Any references to people involved in legal proceeding are accurate. 
  11. 11. TWEAKING FOR THE WEB To change slightly usually in a reference to a value, if program is always correct rather than figure out the precise problem, journalist might just keep tweaking it until it works.Links to audio or video Clips Best online stories often contain links to audio or video clips previous related stories or even to homepage of people, organizations, and companies mention in the story.
  12. 12. TWEAKING FOR WEB Useful Audio and Video Clips New Angle Last Minute Change Useful Links
  13. 13. TWEAKING FOR WEB Placing Links on Web Unique Feature Outlet Standards
  14. 14. TWEAKING FOR WEB A complete package for the online reader.
  15. 15. DEVELOPING STORIES, UP- DATES, FOLLOW-UPSBest format Television NewspaperPerfect Outlet Online journalism
  16. 16. DEVELOPING STORIESStories in which the details revealed over a period of days or weeks are called developing stories. Online medium Online reporter
  17. 17. UP-DATES“Up to date, as by adding new information or making corrections”. Re-write an existing story. Different sites have different policies on updating.
  18. 18. FOLLOW-UPS In a news story, reporter gets new material a few hours later or a day or two after the original event. These are called follow up stories.  They have two main purposes.I. To provide new information about a previous story.II. And up to date readers who did not see previous story.
  19. 19. CONCLUSION Every minute is the last minute. Print, electronic or online every medium has its own “last minute”. To be a successful reporter one must be able to write stories quickly and get there facts straight. In the Online medium rather than writing individual stories, reporters leave a trial of stories that users can follow from the beginning, if they like. More than any other medium online stories are often more of an on-going process than a finished product.