e-Readiness in Africa: Opportunities, Challenges & Progress Dr Adesina Iluyemi NEPAD Council
About NEPAD Council <ul><li>An independent, non-political and not for profit organization with majority of members in the ...
NEPAD Council: Action <ul><li>Activities   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul>...
Introduction <ul><li>e-Readiness is measure ……. country’s ability to leverage  “digital channels”  (not the infrastructure...
E-readiness measures <ul><li>There are different measures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengths & weaknesses </li></ul></ul><ul>...
e-Readiness from Digital Divide view <ul><li>Digital divide is lack of access to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet (beyond v...
e-Readiness to e-Government readiness United Nations 2008 <ul><li>Africa’s businesses are mostly Public Government </li></...
The Digital Divide & Economic Growth: Where we are? <ul><li>e-Readiness is measuring…. depth & degree of  “Digital Divide”...
Digital Divide:  Connectivity & technology infrastructure <ul><li>Verdict: Not too good </li></ul>
Digital Divide: International Bandwidth 43 Gbps of Bandwidth- 1% of Global Usage Landlocked vs. Coastal countries
Digital Divide: ICT Devices <ul><li>Household/Personal devices </li></ul><ul><li>Important for  access & uptake </li></ul>...
e-Readiness Opportunities for Socio-economic Development: 5Ps
Challenges to e-Readiness in Africa: 5Ps
PROGRESS: e-Readiness in Africa <ul><li>Government  leadership, visions and policies &  ICT infrastructure  development an...
PROGRESS: NICI  <ul><li>National Information and Communication Infrastructure e-Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>integrate...
PROGRESS: NICI  <ul><li>Marked improvement in National e-Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Policy to Actions & Results needed! ...
PROGRESS: Infrastructure <ul><li>Implementation & diffusion of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mobile/wireless ICTs </li></ul></ul>...
PROGRESS: Mobile Infrastructure <ul><li>Estimated 300 million SIM cards in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile services-m-Heal...
PROGRESS: Broadband <ul><li>W-CDMA/3G/HSDPA – 8 countries </li></ul><ul><li>CDMA EDV0- 5 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Wimax...
PROGRESS: International Bandwidth <ul><li>Satellite Broadband too!  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NigComSat 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><...
PROGRESS: International Bandwidth <ul><li>Global Broadband Satellite System </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative W-BAND Technology...
SWANsat Existing Infrastructure Newly Enabled Infrastructure Repeaters Urban Areas Industry Offices Homes Villages Persona...
PROGRESS: Affordable Devices & Networks <ul><li>Digital World Forum Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Two African Partners </li...
PROGRESS: Commitments  <ul><li>Up 20 project commitments worth USD $50 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure; Satellite...
PROGRESS: Investments & Trade <ul><li>AfDB </li></ul><ul><li>African Finance Corporation (AFC) </li></ul><ul><li>G8 Infras...
Ensuring e-Readiness: Government Roles <ul><li>Educate & empower your citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage & enable  Citiz...
Ensuring e-Readiness: Policy Suggestions <ul><li>Home Grown  innovation ,  inducements investments  &  industrialization  ...
FINAL WORDS <ul><li>Lets move beyond SMS and voice! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e-Readiness is about the Internet </li></ul></ul...
Thank UoP, UK   Thank you SITA Thank You All! Dr Adesina Iluyemi NEPAD Council
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e-readiness in Africa: Opportunities and Challenges

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  • Transcript of "e-readiness in Africa: Opportunities and Challenges"

    1. 1. e-Readiness in Africa: Opportunities, Challenges & Progress Dr Adesina Iluyemi NEPAD Council
    2. 2. About NEPAD Council <ul><li>An independent, non-political and not for profit organization with majority of members in the Diaspora </li></ul><ul><li>Membership is voluntary, not paid for </li></ul><ul><li>Fully endorsed by the NEPAD Heads of state and government implementation committee in Maputo 2004 </li></ul><ul><li>Main objectives are to support the NEPAD objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Main offices are in New York State and in Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Activities are joint projects with other entities, awareness campaigns, and free consulting for AU missions abroad </li></ul>
    3. 3. NEPAD Council: Action <ul><li>Activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Health </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Agriculture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade & Investments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewable Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diaspora Engagement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Recent events </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Novatech ICT Africa Marketplace 2008- Addis Ababa, Ethiopia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe-Africa Business Summit 2008-Hamburg, Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SWANSAT Broadband Satellite Project </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Upcoming Events </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NEPAD Council TV </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Chapters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asia & Middle East Commissions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SUPPORT & COLLABORATION REQUIRED! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Website: www.nepadcouncil.org </li></ul>
    4. 4. Introduction <ul><li>e-Readiness is measure ……. country’s ability to leverage “digital channels” (not the infrastructure) for communication, commerce & government </li></ul><ul><li>(not e-Government only) …….to further social & economic development (EIU 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Defined by national & global economic, political, environmental & ICT infrastructure richness with e-Services adoption </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Extent of using communication devices & Internet services for creating efficiencies ( better services ) by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Business ( Public & Private sector) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Citizens/ Populations/ Households </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For developing ICTs industries ) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. E-readiness measures <ul><li>There are different measures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengths & weaknesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Infrastructure/Telecom vs. Societal or Human views </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic Intelligence Unit (EIU) 2008- Balanced view & assumed weights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Connectivity & technology infrastructure- 20% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Telecom markets, Broadband, Internet </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Environment-15% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social & cultural environment-15% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Affordability, Economic outlook </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legal environment-10% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government policy and vision-15% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Consumer & business adoption-25% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Users’ skills & education, firm absorptive capacity </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. e-Readiness from Digital Divide view <ul><li>Digital divide is lack of access to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Internet (beyond voice & SMS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hardware, Software, Network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT skills & basic education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>…… is also about economic, political & cultural divide </li></ul><ul><li>It reflects on Human & Societal Development &Poverty Reduction Capabilities </li></ul><ul><li>e-Readiness is to enable ICT for Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For meeting MDGs goals & targets </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. e-Readiness to e-Government readiness United Nations 2008 <ul><li>Africa’s businesses are mostly Public Government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe- 0.6490 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americas-0.4936 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Asia-0.4470 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oceania-0.4338 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa-0.2739 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Measured as: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e-infrastructure index (Broadband important!) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>e-participation index (Employees’ & users’ inclusion) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ICTs for Government business transformation </li></ul><ul><li>From e-Government to Connected Governance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Holistic approach services, people & technology transformation </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. The Digital Divide & Economic Growth: Where we are? <ul><li>e-Readiness is measuring…. depth & degree of “Digital Divide” </li></ul><ul><li>Digital Divide is also Economic Divide </li></ul>70 Biggest World Economies South Africa (#39), Egypt (#57), Nigeria (#62), Algeria (#66)
    9. 9. Digital Divide: Connectivity & technology infrastructure <ul><li>Verdict: Not too good </li></ul>
    10. 10. Digital Divide: International Bandwidth 43 Gbps of Bandwidth- 1% of Global Usage Landlocked vs. Coastal countries
    11. 11. Digital Divide: ICT Devices <ul><li>Household/Personal devices </li></ul><ul><li>Important for access & uptake </li></ul>Partnerships on Measuring ICT for Development 2008
    12. 12. e-Readiness Opportunities for Socio-economic Development: 5Ps
    13. 13. Challenges to e-Readiness in Africa: 5Ps
    14. 14. PROGRESS: e-Readiness in Africa <ul><li>Government leadership, visions and policies & ICT infrastructure development and provision are major drivers of e-Readiness (EIU 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Continental Policy drivers & initiatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UNECA-ADF 1999 (Policy development & Capacity building </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>AISI/PICTA/NICI </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NEPAD 2001 (Infrastructure implementation) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>e-Africa Commission </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AU/NEPAD 2005 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Consolidated Action Plan 2006 </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. PROGRESS: NICI <ul><li>National Information and Communication Infrastructure e-Strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>integrated with Poverty Reduction Strategies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>stimulate & enable national ICT policies development & ICT4D </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>monitor progress (SCAN-ICT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>reduce digital divide & promote partnerships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regional Economic ICT infrastructure integration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sectoral sub-focus (Health, Agriculture etc) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Village/Community/City/Municipal sub-focus </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Geoinformation (Data gathering) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 16. PROGRESS: NICI <ul><li>Marked improvement in National e-Strategies </li></ul><ul><li>Policy to Actions & Results needed! </li></ul>
    17. 17. PROGRESS: Infrastructure <ul><li>Implementation & diffusion of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>mobile/wireless ICTs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broadband diffusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Devices …… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>affects e-Readiness scores (EIU 2008) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobile/wireless the way for Africa (ITU 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>NEPAD e-Africa Commission fibre-optics projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Uhurunet & Umojanet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AU/NEPAD CPA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free & Open source software for: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>eHealth, e-Learning, e-Science </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICTs innovations, Science & Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education & Skills </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. PROGRESS: Mobile Infrastructure <ul><li>Estimated 300 million SIM cards in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile services-m-Health, m-Banking </li></ul><ul><li>World first “free” regional network </li></ul><ul><li>Regional variations! </li></ul><ul><li>Not yet uhuru! </li></ul><ul><li>49 % of Geography covered </li></ul><ul><li>50 % of population (ITU 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Expensive : High taxes & Tariffs </li></ul>
    19. 19. PROGRESS: Broadband <ul><li>W-CDMA/3G/HSDPA – 8 countries </li></ul><ul><li>CDMA EDV0- 5 countries </li></ul><ul><li>Wimax-Wireless City- Algeria </li></ul><ul><li>DSL- South Africa & Mauritius </li></ul><ul><li>WiFi- community projects </li></ul>
    20. 20. PROGRESS: International Bandwidth <ul><li>Satellite Broadband too! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NigComSat 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RASCOM 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3 low-cost broadband satellite projects </li></ul><ul><li>@ ConnectAfrica Summit </li></ul><ul><li>Fibre broadband beyond urban areas doubtful </li></ul><ul><li>Projects in East (TEAMS ) & West Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Massive cost reduction predicted </li></ul><ul><li>Education sector driving intra-Africa fibre expansion (Ubuntunet) </li></ul>
    21. 21. PROGRESS: International Bandwidth <ul><li>Global Broadband Satellite System </li></ul><ul><li>Innovative W-BAND Technology & Business model </li></ul><ul><li>To deliver 2 Mbps/Month @ 1 Euro per household in Africa </li></ul><ul><li>Free video channels </li></ul><ul><li>Launch procurement secured but….. </li></ul><ul><li>Political support from Africa required </li></ul><ul><li>12 billion Euros required </li></ul><ul><li>Investments from Africa is NEPAD Council objectives </li></ul><ul><li>ROI of 1 billion Euros fro 20 years after launch </li></ul><ul><li>Profound economic opportunity for Africa </li></ul>NEPAD Council/SWANSAT <ul><li>Collaborate with existing providers: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>bandwidth distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>infrastructure development </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. SWANsat Existing Infrastructure Newly Enabled Infrastructure Repeaters Urban Areas Industry Offices Homes Villages Personal Coverage Cells Ubiquitous Broadband Access SWANSat © Not for Duplication
    23. 23. PROGRESS: Affordable Devices & Networks <ul><li>Digital World Forum Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Two African Partners </li></ul><ul><li>Climate change & Global trend supports mobiles, laptops & wireless </li></ul><ul><li>Long distance WiFi </li></ul><ul><li>Powerline Broadband </li></ul><ul><li>eHealth, eLearning etc </li></ul>Meraka Institute
    24. 24. PROGRESS: Commitments <ul><li>Up 20 project commitments worth USD $50 billion </li></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure; Satellite, fibre-optics, Wireless/ Mobile Broadband </li></ul><ul><li>USD $30 Billions by Mobile Operators </li></ul><ul><li>Goal 1: Provide ICT broadband intra & inter continental connectivity by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>Goal 2 : Provide ICT Broadband services to all villages by 2015 </li></ul><ul><li>Goal 3: Adopt affordable, widespread access to a full range of broadband ICT services </li></ul><ul><li>Goal 4: Develop critical mass of ICT skills required by the knowledge economy by 2015. </li></ul><ul><li>Goal 5: Adopt national e-strategy and deploy at least one e-government service , e-education, e-commerce and e-health services using accessible technologies in each country in Africa by 2012 </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul>
    25. 25. PROGRESS: Investments & Trade <ul><li>AfDB </li></ul><ul><li>African Finance Corporation (AFC) </li></ul><ul><li>G8 Infrastructure Consortium for Africa </li></ul><ul><li>World Bank/IFC </li></ul><ul><li>EU-Africa Infrastructure Trust Fund </li></ul><ul><li>FDI </li></ul><ul><li>Global & National Sovereign Funds (Nigeria) </li></ul><ul><li>Banks </li></ul><ul><li>Industry & Manufacturing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PC, Laptops R&D-Nigeria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile phones -Zambia </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Ensuring e-Readiness: Government Roles <ul><li>Educate & empower your citizens </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage & enable Citizens & SMEs uptake & usage </li></ul><ul><li>Provide leadership </li></ul><ul><li>Build partnerships </li></ul><ul><li>Let the private build the infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>But, intervene when required </li></ul><ul><li>Dynamic policies </li></ul><ul><li>Be diligent & pro-active </li></ul><ul><li>(EIU 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage liberalization, privatization & regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Pursue cost reductions & affordability </li></ul><ul><li>Promote wireless broadband & technology convergence (NGNs) </li></ul><ul><li>Promote sustainable energy </li></ul><ul><li>Incorporate mobile into universal access policies </li></ul><ul><li>Build public access points & encourage citizen usage </li></ul><ul><li>AFRICAN ICT INDICATORS, ITU 2008 </li></ul>
    27. 27. Ensuring e-Readiness: Policy Suggestions <ul><li>Home Grown innovation , inducements investments & industrialization for Africa’s e-Readiness through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pro-active/people-focussed policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Education &Skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research & Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pro/Para/Per-People Initiatives (Heeks 2008) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open source hardware & software development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entrepreneurship (SMEs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supportive Technology Transfer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Engage with Diaspora </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Infrastructure development including ICT ones are required for meeting the MDGs- </li></ul><ul><li>Africa Progress Report & MDG Africa Steering Group 2008 </li></ul>
    28. 28. FINAL WORDS <ul><li>Lets move beyond SMS and voice! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>e-Readiness is about the Internet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mobile vs. Internet dichotomy should stop! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mobile/wireless broadband is available </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Private investors should practice “Empathetic& Creative Capitalism” </li></ul><ul><li>People Public Private Partnerships (4Ps) </li></ul><ul><li>National e-Readiness = Connected & Prosperous Africa </li></ul><ul><li>e-Readiness for meeting MDGs by 2015 </li></ul><ul><li>Lets joins hands to make AFRICA GREAT! </li></ul>
    29. 29. Thank UoP, UK Thank you SITA Thank You All! Dr Adesina Iluyemi NEPAD Council
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