Getting started with LaTeX –
 frequently encountered
           issues

       Ronja Addams-Moring
  Kie-98.1601 English O...
Disclaimer
• The facts about LaTeX you can verify
• The experiences, interpretations and
  opinions, however, are mine
• T...
Presentation outline
•   First: some unlearning may be needed
•   Task analysis: What we researchers do
•   Requirements: ...
Unlearn first?
•       Documents are created and maintained
        with quite varying software
           –       vi, ema...
Task analysis 1(2)
•      A simplified ”circle of life” of scientific-
       scholarly knowledge
     1) Researcher A pub...
Task analysis 2(2)
•       Necessary precondition for publishing:
        presenting research results
        accurately i...
Requirements for tools
• Some essential necessities
           –       Re-use of references in new works
           –     ...
Historical overview 1(3)
• Before ca. 1975 only proprietary printing
  systems, typesetting far from author
     – Problem...
Historical overview 2(3)
• The TeX innovation: device independence
     – This was news back then...
• Some limitations
  ...
Historical overview 3(3)
• Today de facto standard for (most) IEEE
  and ACM journals and conferences
• Stable, bug-free, ...
To LaTeX or not to LaTeX?
•      How large a work? 15+ pages -> LaTeX
       motivated
•      Need to structure work / use...
Typical beginner's issues 1(4)
•        What are all these files?!?
•        You must edit
             –      one .tex (t...
Typical beginner's issues 2(4)
•       Don't panic about the many details -
        you only need to learn what you use
• ...
Typical beginner's issues 3(4)
•       Only the cited works from .bib listed by
        default -> when in doubt, make ent...
Typical beginner's issues 4(4)
•       BibTeX entry types = ? (Article,
        InProceedings, Proceedings...)
•       How...
A few useful guides
•         Oetiker: The Not So Short Introduction
          to LaTeX 2 (PDF - do save a copy!)
•       ...
Thank you
• Questions?
•
• My contact info
     –   http://www.iki.fi/~ronja/
     –   http://www.linkedin.com/in/addamsmo...
Use and share these slides,
             please!
• This work (= these slides) is licensed under the
    Creative Commons l...
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AddamsMoring 2009 Getting started with LaTeX in PDF

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Short introduction to LaTeX and BibTeX, for absolute beginners - PDF version

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AddamsMoring 2009 Getting started with LaTeX in PDF

  1. 1. Getting started with LaTeX – frequently encountered issues Ronja Addams-Moring Kie-98.1601 English Oral Skills Test 10. February 2009
  2. 2. Disclaimer • The facts about LaTeX you can verify • The experiences, interpretations and opinions, however, are mine • There certainly are similarities with some other persons' views but that is not their responsibility • Feel free to copy, distribute, criticize, ignore or form derivative opinions as you see fit  last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 2
  3. 3. Presentation outline • First: some unlearning may be needed • Task analysis: What we researchers do • Requirements: What we need • Historical overview • To LaTeX or not to LaTeX? • Typical issues when one begins • After this presentation: LaTeX demo last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 3
  4. 4. Unlearn first? • Documents are created and maintained with quite varying software – vi, emacs, pico, jEdit, OO Writer... – notepad, WordPad, MS Word... – Adobe Acrobat, FrameMaker... – TikiWiki, MediaWiki, Joomla!, Mambo... • LaTeX has its own philosophy and logic • Do not expect “just another X” - you will frustrate yourself and make mistakes last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 4
  5. 5. Task analysis 1(2) • A simplified ”circle of life” of scientific- scholarly knowledge 1) Researcher A publishes a new result 2) Based on A’s result, other researchers create more new knowledge 3) Researcher A uses other researchers’ results as input for more research 4) The process repeats: Body of Knowledge grows larger and better with each ”round” last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 5
  6. 6. Task analysis 2(2) • Necessary precondition for publishing: presenting research results accurately in scientific/scholarly works – Readable, precise language – Exact and fault-free citing – Unambiguous symbols – Effective-to-read typescript and layout – Clear layout for tables and figures • Writing/drawing/editing tools needed last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 6
  7. 7. Requirements for tools • Some essential necessities – Re-use of references in new works – Correct word divisions (in any language) – Correct cross-referencing in the article – No orphan lines or other layout “uglinesses” – etc last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 7
  8. 8. Historical overview 1(3) • Before ca. 1975 only proprietary printing systems, typesetting far from author – Problem: typesetting introduced mistakes – Solution: author corrected proof prints manually – New problem: corrections entered incorrectly -> more mistakes! • 1977 Donald Knuth (comp.sci.) had enough • 1982 TeX: formulae, symbols - free software • 1984 LaTeX (document structure) by Leslie Lamport (CS, math), 1986 The Book last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 8
  9. 9. Historical overview 2(3) • The TeX innovation: device independence – This was news back then... • Some limitations – WYSIWYM, not WYSIWYG – need to learn the markup • Some advantages – free software: Windows (MiKTeX), Unix/Linux (TeX-live) and MacOS X – keeps document neat through changes – no-hassle references, footnotes etc. last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 9
  10. 10. Historical overview 3(3) • Today de facto standard for (most) IEEE and ACM journals and conferences • Stable, bug-free, genuinely multi-lingual • Future: depends on MiKTeX - ? • Personal experience & opinion: – since 1983 have heard of one friend-of- a-friend who had a bug-like problem with LaTeX (around 1988-1992) – anything longer than 8-12 pages -> LaTeX last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 10
  11. 11. To LaTeX or not to LaTeX? • How large a work? 15+ pages -> LaTeX motivated • Need to structure work / use many files -> LaTeX motivated • If e.g. mathematical or Greek alphabet symbols needed -> LaTeX motivated • If journal / conference only has LaTeX templates: use them, don't argue • More brains, less money -> using free software makes sense last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 11
  12. 12. Typical beginner's issues 1(4) • What are all these files?!? • You must edit – one .tex (the actual article text) – one .bib (your bibliography = literature) • You may create and/or edit – .eps (figure files: pictures, graphs...) – other input files • You must not edit – .sty (text layout style) and related – .bst (bibliography style) and related last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 12
  13. 13. Typical beginner's issues 2(4) • Don't panic about the many details - you only need to learn what you use • LaTeX resembles HTML or wiki markup: tags inside text • Extra whitespace in .tex or .bib will not show in end result -> use as you please • The “magic” characters - must “quote” in .tex or .bib : { } $ ^ _ % ~ # & – don't use in file names of input files! last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 13
  14. 14. Typical beginner's issues 3(4) • Only the cited works from .bib listed by default -> when in doubt, make entry • Where to put cite{AuthYEAR} in .tex? • cite or citet or citep? • How do I get (also in demo) – bolded text (italics not so readable) – lists (numbered / bulleted) – tables, pictures – chapter, section and subsection headers last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 14
  15. 15. Typical beginner's issues 4(4) • BibTeX entry types = ? (Article, InProceedings, Proceedings...) • How do I get that nice-looking PDF? • Why “acm” not “ACM” in the PDF's reference list? -> add {} around • Other questions? • Learn to use (on-line) manuals! • Google: LaTeX OR BibTeX tutorial OR beginner OR guide -> 7.5 M hits! last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 15
  16. 16. A few useful guides • Oetiker: The Not So Short Introduction to LaTeX 2 (PDF - do save a copy!) • http://www.maths.tcd.ie/~dwilkins/LaTe XPrimer/ • http://en.wikibooks.org/wiki/LaTeX • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BibTeX • http://www.hep.manchester.ac.uk/u/jenn y/jcwdocs/latex/bibtexbasics.html • http://www.economics.utoronto.ca/osbo rne/latex/BIBTEX.HTM last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 16
  17. 17. Thank you • Questions? • • My contact info – http://www.iki.fi/~ronja/ – http://www.linkedin.com/in/addamsmoring – ronja [AT] iki [DOT] fi – skype: ronja-am last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 17
  18. 18. Use and share these slides, please! • This work (= these slides) is licensed under the Creative Commons license Attribution Non- Commercial ShareAlike 3.0 Unported • The license terms are available via: http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc- sa/3.0/deed.en • Attribution info: Ronja Addams-Moring: quot;Getting started with LaTeX – frequently encountered issuesquot;. Presentation 10th February 2009 at Helsinki University of Technology (TKK), Espoo, Finland, EU. last update: 10th Feb 2009 Ronja Addams-Moring 18

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