Online Training Resource for Climate Adaptation: Analysing Climate Vulnerability - Forms of Vulnerability

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This module provides a description of the different forms of vulnerability and will cover the following: …

This module provides a description of the different forms of vulnerability and will cover the following:

-Vulnerability to today`s climate and vulnerability to tomorrows climate.
-What is meant by natural, socio-economic, and institutional vulnerability
-How these different kinds of vulnerabilities interact
-Additional vulnerability perspectives

Key points

Socio-economic and institutional vulnerability may be as important as the natural vulnerability.

Assess the vulnerability to todays climate is often the best starting point for addressing vulnerability of tomorrows climate, because it can reveal if there are any adaptation deficits.

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Transcript

  • 1. Online Training Resource: Climate AdaptationAnalysing Climate Vulnerability
  • 2. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Forms of VulnerabilityDifferent Forms of VulnerabilityThis module provides a description of the different forms of vulnerability and will cover the following:• Vulnerability to today`s climate and vulnerability to tomorrows climate.• What is meant by natural, socio-economic, and institutional vulnerability• How these different kinds of vulnerabilities interact• Additional vulnerability perspectives Climate Adaptation Online Training Resource
  • 3. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Forms of VulnerabilityVulnerability to today’s climate as well as tomorrows• Todays climate is affecting todays society.• If we are not prepared for todays climate, the task of preparing for an even “worse” climate will of course then be even tougher. Climate AdaptationOnline Training Resource
  • 4. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Forms of VulnerabilityDiagram illustrating the coupled climate system, FAO (2008). Source: FAO/NRCB (2008) Climate AdaptationOnline Training Resource
  • 5. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Forms of VulnerabilityDifferent Forms of VulnerabilityThe traditional approach in assessing climate changevulnerability is to ask how future climate could impact ontoday’s society.Our approach goes further and assesses how future climatesmight affect future societies. To achieve this we consider thefollowing:• Which climate changes will increase pressure on society?• Which socio-economic changes and institutional changes make society more or less vulnerable to current climate conditions?• Which potential trends will shape society in the future and generate or alleviate potential areas of vulnerability? Climate AdaptationOnline Training Resource
  • 6. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Forms of VulnerabilityDuring the Clim-ATIC programme 3 categories of vulnerability have been identified and examined. Source: The Western Norway Research Institute/ Vestlandsforsking, 2011. Climate AdaptationOnline Training Resource
  • 7. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Forms of VulnerabilityNatural, Socio-economic and Institutional Vulnerability• Natural vulnerability - which refers to the ways that climate change may affect society E.g. increased precipitation and possible effects on increasing risks of flooding• Socio-economic vulnerability - which refers to how socio-economic change influences society’s vulnerability to climate change E.g. changes in land-use patterns when it comes to build new residential houses close to rivers• Institutional vulnerability - which refers to institutional capacity for handling the challenges of climate change E.g. decrease of competence in land use planning in local authorities Climate AdaptationOnline Training Resource
  • 8. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Forms of VulnerabilityHow These Vulnerabilities Interact Climate AdaptationOnline Training Resource
  • 9. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Forms of VulnerabilityAdditional Perspectives on Climate Vulnerability Climate AdaptationOnline Training Resource
  • 10. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Forms of VulnerabilityPossible Additional Perspectives on Climate Vulnerability• Indirect natural vulnerability – Climate change abroad may have “imported” effects.E.g. reduced global food security leading to increased pricesof arable land locally.• GHG mitigation policy vulnerability – Climate mitigation policies (e.g. tax on fossil fuels) will affect society.E.g. reduced number of tourists to a destination dependentof “fossil-fuelled” inborn tourism transportation. Climate AdaptationOnline Training Resource
  • 11. Process Stage 1Analysing Climate Vulnerability: Forms of VulnerabilityFinal Key Points:• Socio-economic and institutional vulnerability may be as important as the natural vulnerability.• Assess the vulnerability to todays climate is often the best starting point for addressing vulnerability of tomorrows climate, because it can reveal if there are any adaptation deficits. Climate AdaptationOnline Training Resource