Tubas and Euphoniums

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A presentation for an undergraduate music methods course at Lubbock Christian University.

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Tubas and Euphoniums

  1. 1. Tubas and Euphoniums By Adam Schrader
  2. 2. Overview  In the Brass Family  Made from brass- either unfinished, lacquered       or electro-plated with nickel, gold or silver. Unfinished brass will eventually tarnish Sound Produced by Vibrating Lips into Mouthpiece Conical Found in various pitches, most commonly in F, EFlat, C, or B-Flat Tubas with bell pointing forward and not upward are often called recording tubas Either Piston or Rotary Valves
  3. 3. Types of Tubas          Sousaphone- High School Marching Bands Helicon Contrabass Tuba Euphonium - sometimes referred to as tenor tuba and is pitched in B-Flat Tenor Tuba- often used more for the B-Flat rotaryvalved tubas pitched in the same octave as euphoniums Small French Tuba in C- tenor tuba pitched in C, with 6 valves to make low notes in orchestral music possible F and C tubas since WWII Wagner Tuba Roman Tuba
  4. 4. Ensemble Types  Orchestra- usually has a single tuba  Military Bands- principal bass instrument in symphonic and military bands, which have more  Marching Bands  Brass Quintets  Brass Choirs
  5. 5. Famous Tuba Players Harvey Phillips Arnold Jacobs Tommy Johnson
  6. 6. Famous Works Featuring Tubas  Vaughan Williams- Concerto for Bass Tuba and Orchestra  Modest Mussorgsky (orch. Ravel)- Pictures at an Exhibition - Bydlo, uses the French Tuba  Gustav Holst- The Planets  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Nz0b4STz1lo  Igor Stravinsky- The Rite of Spring  Edgard Varèse- Déserts  Richard Wagner- Die Meistersinger von Nürnberg, Ride of the Valkyries
  7. 7. History and Forerunners  Patented by Wilhelm Friedrich Wieprecht and Johann Gottfried Moritz on September 12, 1835  First tenor tuba by Carl Wilhelm Mortiz, son of Johann, 3 years later  The Serpent- a bass brass instrument that was wavy in shape to make the tone holes accessible to the player  The Ophicleide-had a cup-shaped brass instrument mouthpiece but had keys and holes similar to a modern saxophone
  8. 8. History (Cont.)  Adolphe Sax- developed a series of brass instruments known as saxhorns. The instruments developed by Sax were generally pitched in EFlatand B-Flat  American Civil War- Most brass bands used Saxhorns, which had narrower bore taper than tubas today  Cerveny- Contrabass Tuba were pitched in F and C  The Bombardon- had unusual valve and bore arrangements compared to modern tubas
  9. 9. The End

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