Agenda8:30 WELCOME9:00 Messaging9:45 Guideline Based Implementation10:30 BREAK10:45 Sexual Health Model11:00 Sexual Health Model Activity11:45 LUNCH12:45 Sexually Healthy Adolescents1:30 Comprehensive Sexuality Education2:00 BREAK2:15 Values Voting2:45 Reflection and Evaluation3:00 ADJOURN
Workshop Goals• Identify a broad definition of human sexuality• Explore attitudes and values regarding a range of sexuality topics• Increase their comfort with discussions about sexuality issues• Increase their knowledge of the goals and philosophy of comprehensive sexuality education• Identify the characteristics of sexually healthy adolescents• Identify age-appropriate classroom content for middle and senior high students
Workshop Objectives• List at least four factors that are involved in sexual health decisions• Name three ways classroom instruction will change as a result of the workshop• Identify two of their own personal attitudes or values related to adolescent sexuality• List one goal of comprehensive sexuality education• Describe the philosophy of comprehensive sexuality education
Introductions• Facilitator(s)• Staff• Participants – Name – Grade/Level – School Affiliation
Working Agreement• Maintain confidentiality • Avoid making assumptions• Respect each other’s point of about other members of the view; recognize that we all group have some biases • Share responsibility for what• Speak for yourself—use “I” gets learned today language; take some risks to be • Ask any questions--there are no honest dumb questions• Be nonjudgmental; no put- • Share the time; participate as downs; be constructive while much as possible giving each other feedback • ELMO (Enough, lets move on)• Listen with an open mind • Use discretion with self-• Recognize that some conflict disclosure can be helpful and that we • Have fun should not always avoid it • The Vegas Rule (What happens• Pass if you feel uncomfortable in Vegas . . .)
Messaging• Each participant has an index card – Do not write your name on the card – On the lined side of the index card write one thing you learned about sexuality that you now know to be false. – On the unlined side of the index card write one message that you think is not getting through to our children about sexuality.• Hand your cards to the facilitator
Examples of Key Values UnderlyingComprehensive Sexuality Education• Sexuality is a natural and healthy part of living.• Every person has dignity and worth.• Young people should view themselves as unique and worthwhile within the context of their cultural heritage.• Parents should be the primary sexuality educators of their children.• In a pluralistic society, people should respect and accept the diversity of values and beliefs that exist in a community.• Sexual relationships should never be coercive or exploitative.• Young people develop their values about sexuality as part of becoming adults.• Abstaining from sexual intercourse is the most effective method of preventing pregnancy and STD/HIV.• Young people who are involved in sexual relationships need access to information about health care services.
Curriculum Content Areas1. Family living and community relationships2. The value of postponing sexual activity until marriage (abstinence education)3. Human sexuality4. Human reproduction and contraception, including the benefits of adoption as a positive choice in the event of an unintended pregnancy5. The etiology, prevention, and effects of sexually transmitted infections6. Stress management and resistance to peer pressure7. Development of positive self-concepts and respect for others
Content Areas8. Parenting Skills9. Substance use and abuse10. Child abuse11. Prevention of sexual assault and, in the event of sexual assault, the importance of receiving immediate medical attention and advice, knowledge of the requirements of the law, and use of resources such as counseling and legal services;12. Dating violence and the characteristics of abusive relationships including using electronic devices to convey inappropriate images and behaviors13. Education about and awareness of mental health issues14. The benefits of marriage
Guideline Based Implementation• Choose the appropriate handout for either – Virginia Approved Curriculum – Locally Developed Curriculum• Using the guidelines, evaluate the extent to which your FLE program adheres to or deviates from the guidelines.• Provide an example of how your program adheres to the guideline or brainstorm solutions to better adhere to the guideline
Sexual Health Model • Sexual Health Model Factors – Talking About Sex – Culture and Sexual Identity – Sexual Anatomy Functioning – Sexual Health Care & Safer Sex – Challenges – Body Image – Masturbation and Fantasy – Positive Sexuality – Intimacy and Relationships – Spirituality
Sexual Health Model• How this factor can play a positive role in the development of resilient and responsible children?• What are some examples of how we teach about this for each of the following age groups: – Elementary Age – Middle School Age – High School Age• How they could better incorporate attending to this factor in their FLE program?
Characteristics of Sexually Healthy Adolescents• On your Post-It™ Note, write down characteristics of Sexually Healthy Adolescents in the following relationships: – Self – Peers – Relationship with Parents and Family Members – Romantic Partners• List each characteristic on a separate note and then place on the appropriate sheet of newsprint.
Characteristics of Sexually Healthy Adolescents• Self – Appreciates Own Body – Takes Responsibility for Own Behavior – Is Knowledgeable about Sexuality Issues• Relationships with Parents and Family Members – Communicates Effectively with Family about All Issues – Understands/Seeks Information about Parents’ and/or Family’s values, and Considers Them in Developing One’s Own Values
Characteristics of Sexually Healthy Adolescents• Peers – Interacts with Both Genders in Appropriate/Respectful Ways – Acts on Own Values and Beliefs When They Conflict with Peers• Romantic Partners – Expresses Love/Intimacy in Developmentally Appropriate Ways – Has Knowledge and Skills Necessary for Effective Decision-Making
Parents of Sexually Healthy Adolescents• Demonstrate value, respect, • Try to understand their sons or acceptance, and trust in their daughters point of view. adolescent children. • Help their daughter or son gain an• Model sexually healthy attitudes in understanding of their values. their own relationships. • Set and maintain limits for dating• Maintain a non-punitive stance and other activities outside of toward sexuality. school.• Are knowledgeable about • Stay actively involved in their sons sexuality. or daughters life.• Discuss sexuality with their • Ask questions about friends and children. romantic partners.• Provide information on sexuality • Provide a supportive and safe to their children. environment for their children.• Seek appropriate guidance and • Offer to assist adolescents in information as needed. accessing health care services. • Help their daughter or son plan for their future.
Topics and Key Indicators• Anatomy and Physiology• Puberty and Adolescent Development• Identity• Pregnancy and Reproduction• Sexually Transmitted Diseases and HIV• Health Relationships• Personal Safety
Definitions• Abstinence-Based (Plus) – emphasizes the benefits of abstinence; includes information about non-coital sexual behavior, contraception, and disease prevention methods; also referred to as abstinence-plus or abstinence- centered.• Abstinence-Only – emphasizes abstinence from all sexual behaviors; may not include information regarding contraception, except in terms of failure rates, or disease prevention methods.
Definitions• Abstinence-Only Until Marriage – emphasizes abstinence from all sexual behaviors outside of marriage; may not include any information about contraception, except in terms of failure rates, or disease-prevention methods; typically presents marriage as the only morally correct context for all sexual activity.• Comprehensive Sexuality Education – K-12 sexuality education programs view sexuality education as a lifelong process and address sexual development, reproductive health, interpersonal relationships, affection, intimacy, body image, gender roles, abstinence, and contraceptive options.
Values Voting1. I will read several statements aloud, one at a time.2. Think about each statement and how you feel about it--whether you agree with it, disagree with it, or feel undecided or unsure.3. When you know how you feel about a statement, go and stand near the sign that best describes your feelings. You may choose to stand between signs.4. When everyone is standing where they want to be, I will ask volunteers to share why they have chosen to stand in a particular place.