Aids pandemic in Africa

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Aids pandemic in Africa

  1. 1. A D A M C R O W E L LA P W O R L D H I S T O R YAIDS Pandemic in Africa
  2. 2. AIDS Overview HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) – can hide inbody cells for a long time and attacks human T-Cells andCD4 cells which are part of immune system. This can lead to depletion of CD4 cells which leads toAIDS (Acquired Immuno-Deficiency Syndrome). People with AIDS have badly damaged immune systems,making them at risk for normal infections. There is currently no known cure. It is believed HIV came from a kind ofchimpanzee in Western Africa (whichhuman hunted and ate) as long ago as thelate 1800s.HIV Virus: http://www.rkm.com.au/VIRUS/HIV/HIV-images/HIV-virus.jpg
  3. 3. Transmission HIV transmission can only occurwhen human fluids from aninfected person enter body of anuninfected person. Most commonly transmittedthrough sex and sharing needlesor injection equipment with aHIV+ person. Mothers’ also oftenpass it to babies before or afterbirth in breast milk.Images: http://www.aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/prevention/reduce-your-risk/fluids-of-transmission/
  4. 4. Location People infected with HIV/AIDS are found aroundworld (34 million in 2011). Sub-Saharan Africa is most affected region 1 of every 20 adults is living with HIV 69% of people living with HIV are inthis region This is due to a variety of reasonsincluding weak economies andpolitical unrest.Map: http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_nWFvs2MmnOk/TKfjArO6LII/AAAAAAAAAFQ/NAn8Hsal-xs/s1600/AIDS-AFRICA-MAP-2007-Number.jpg
  5. 5. Challenges with Treatment AIDS negatively affects health, education, industry,agriculture, transport, human resources and the economyof countries where people are affected. Africa faces particular set of problems: Trying to provide health care andtreatment to growing number ofpeople affected with HIV/AIDS Trying to increase use of protectiontechniques Trying to overcome impact of millionsof deaths on community.Map: http://www.uccronline.it/wp-content/uploads/2010/07/Aids-in-Africa.jpg
  6. 6. Prevention Attempts Senegal responded to threat of HIV with political andcommunity leadership and have relative low HIVprevalence in area. Condoms have played a role in preventing infection withdonors willing to donate more condoms to help preventspread of HIV It’s a relatively cheap and effective wayto handle situation. Voluntary spread of HIV is reducedwhen people know they are affected somultiple countries have tried to testmore people to let them know of status.Awareness Billboard: http://www.avert.org/media-gallery/image-36-aids-awareness-billboard-in-lundazi-zambia
  7. 7. More Treatments and Problems Without intervention, there is a 20-45% chanceHIV+ mother will pass virus to child. Antiretroviral drugs can reduce this percent, but thisand the testing to find out who has HIV costs moneymany Africans do not have. Increasing numbers of African countriesare offering these ARV drugs, but thereare still shortages and not enoughmedical professionals to administerdrugs to everyone who needs them.ARV treatment (Botswana): http://www.avert.org/media-gallery/image-809-access-to-antiretroviral-treatment-in-botswana
  8. 8. Causes Although originally getting HIV was largelyunavoidable, problem exacerbated by state of Africaafter European powers left continent. European countries put whites in charge while theyruled and pitted African tribes and groups againstone another so they did not unite to overthrow them. Few attempts were made toimprove quality of life and noattempts to promote industryor manufacturing occurred.Map: http://www.bcc.cuny.edu/other/wach/topic5/afr1914.gif
  9. 9. Effects Since whites were in power even after European countries left,and due to racial tensions, there were large civil wars throughoutAfrica. This reduced Africa’s ability to grow its economy beyond mostbasic industries. With no unity, and no way to obtain needed competitiveindustries, Africans were stuck in poverty that many remain intoday This means that Africans can notafford either the education or theprevention techniques that mighthelp reduce or even stop the spreadof HIV.African Kids begging for Food:http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_UhfrYwFtUuU/S_GBJEY8GII/AAAAAAAAABE/1MoxVWlSpMQ/s1600/hunger.jpg
  10. 10. International Efforts The International Community has donated billions ofdollars to fighting AIDS with the UN. The US Government started the President’s EmergencyPlan for AIDS Relief and in 2009 alone allocatedalmost $6.5 billion forfighting AIDS. Although a lot of money has beendonated, the fight still continuesbut unfortunately due to globalrecession since 2008 fundinghas flat lined.Graph: http://toglobalist.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Screen-Shot-2012-05-26-at-3.52.35-PM.png
  11. 11. Impact we can have We can play a role in helping with the HIV/AIDSepidemic in Africa and around the world by raisingawareness of this very important problem. We can also try to raise money for this cause and donateourselves. Ultimately, although the fight has been going for aawhile, it will unfortunately still be yearsuntil we will finally be able todeclare victory so we need to beresolute in our desire to defeatthis terrible disease.UN formed AIDS ribbon: http://www.avert.org/media-gallery/image-721-un-staff-members-form-the-aids-ribbon
  12. 12. Works Cited "AIDS/HIV." WHO. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2013.<www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs360/en/index.html>. "HIV Facts." Medicine Net. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2013.<www.medicinenet.com/human_immunodeficiency_virus_hiv_aids/article.htm>. "HIV and AIDS in Africa." HIV & AIDS Information from AVERT.org.N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2013. <http://www.avert.org/hiv-aids-africa.htm>. "HowStuffWorks "Africa - The African Nations"." HowStuffWorks"History". N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2013.<http://history.howstuffworks.com/african-history/history-of-africa6.htm>. "International HIV Fund." International HIV Fund. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May2013. <http://www.internationalhivfund.org>. "What Is HIV/AIDS?." Welcome to AIDS.gov. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2013.<http://www.aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/hiv-aids-101/what-is-hiv-aids/>.

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