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World Food Day 2012 KS2
World Food Day 2012 KS2
World Food Day 2012 KS2
World Food Day 2012 KS2
World Food Day 2012 KS2
World Food Day 2012 KS2
World Food Day 2012 KS2
World Food Day 2012 KS2
World Food Day 2012 KS2
World Food Day 2012 KS2
World Food Day 2012 KS2
World Food Day 2012 KS2
World Food Day 2012 KS2
World Food Day 2012 KS2
World Food Day 2012 KS2
World Food Day 2012 KS2
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World Food Day 2012 KS2

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To mark this year's World Food Day on the 16th October ActionAid has put together teaching resources to help learners explore the question of whether there is there enough food for everyone. …

To mark this year's World Food Day on the 16th October ActionAid has put together teaching resources to help learners explore the question of whether there is there enough food for everyone.

This PowerPoint asks: Who produces food in Africa and Asia? Why do people go hungry? Learners will find out more about the lives of Reuben, Mariam and Mukta and how their families are coping with food shortages caused by droughts and floods.

Suggested for KS2 citizenship and geography. Each slide has corresponding teacher notes.

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  • World Food Day: October 16 2012Objective:To find out why one in six people do not get enough food to eat and how food is grown in developing countries.Outcomes: To be able to talk about common crops grown in India, Kenya and Malawi; to compare and contrast children’s lives in India, Kenya and Malawi and understand the reasons why they might go hungry; to understand what ‘sustainable farming’ means.CitizenshipKS22a. to research, discuss and debate topical issues, problems and eventsGeography KS2Geographical enquiry and skillsa. ask geographical questions [for example, 'What is this landscape like?', 'What do I think about it?']Knowledge and understanding of placesa. to identify and describe what places are like Themese. an environmental issue, caused by change in an environment [for example, increasing traffic congestion,hedgerow loss, drought], and attempts to manage the environment sustainably
  • This crop is grown across the world on many small family farms. It is called maize. You may have eaten sweet corn, which is a type of maize. Maize can also be turned into flour and used to make things you may have tried, like tortillas!In the picture on the left, you can see ThikhalaChilembwe, aged 14, at his community’s maize store in Lilongwe, Malawi.In the picture on the right, you can see farmer Margret David from Mwanza, Malawi with her healthy maize crop.
  • In this picture you can see a failed maize crop. The crop was grown by the Yaa family who live in Langobaya Kenya (is also featured in the poster ‘Mariam’s story: Drought in Kenya’).The maize crop has failed because:There has been a drought in this area. This means that there has been no rain for a long period. Without rain, crops cannot grow.Other reasons could include:Poor quality soil without the right nutrients to grow crops.No manure to spread on the soil to give crops the right nutrients.The maize has got a disease.
  • This is Mariam. She lives in Kenya, quite near the sea, in an area called Langobaya. She looks after the family’s animals, walks a long way to collect water and still finds the time to go to school! The family have a small farm. They keep goats and grow crops to eat like maize. Maize is known as the ‘staple’ of the Kenyan diet. This means that is eaten regularly by people all across the country. Did you know?Each year, the average Kenyan consumes 98 kilograms of maize!At the same time, maize prices in Kenya are among the highest in sub-Saharan AfricaThe poorest quarter of the population spends 28 percent of its income on the crop.Source: Sept 17 2012, http://kenya.usaid.gov/programs/economic-growth/490
  • Drought and hungerHere is Mariam with her family. In front of them are two bowls containing all the food they have for the next three weeks: the smaller bowl contains rice; the larger bowl contains beans. Like many Kenyans their staple diet is maize. However, as you can see the family have no maize at the moment. In 2011 Kenya had one of its driest years since 1950. Maize crops perished which had a devastating effect on farming families like Mariam’s, and also caused the price of maize to rise. Drought and climate changeDroughts in Kenya are becoming more frequent and more severe as a result of increasing global temperatures.
  • Ask pupils to draw this table in their books. With a partner, think about all the reasons why Mariam and her family might go hungry. These could include:DroughtHaving no source of water nearby to water their cropsCrops like maize not growing properly (resulting in a poor harvest)Not having enough crops to store after harvest timeEarning no money from selling crops after harvest timeHaving no money to buy food
  • Picture 1In this picture you can see Mukta (on the far right with her baby brother) with her friends. Mukta is nine and lives in a country called Bangladesh, in South East Asia. Picture 2: What do you think people are doing in the picture?They are planting rice! What do you notice about the landscape in this area? Mukta lives on a very large plain. A plain is a broad area of relatively flat land. Plains are often prone to flooding. The vast flat plain area of TeliaNotunpara lies at the bottom of the Himalayan border hills and is where Mukta and her family live. As only rice has been traditionally cultivated here, the arrival of flash flooding before harvesting can wipe out the community’s food supply, resulting in widespread hunger and malnutrition. Flash floods happen fast and can be caused by heavy rainfall. Sometimes the flood arrives in the form or a wall or wave of water. Because water runs downhill, it collects in low-lying areas. If the rain doesn’t stop the water level will keep rising. This type of flooding used to take place every four to six years, however due to the large-scale deforestation of the Himalayan border hills and climate change, over the last 10 years, it has flooded eight times. Did you know?75% of Bangladesh is less than 10m above sea level and 80% is flood plain. Scientists predict that 17.5% of Bangladesh will disappear under the sea by 2100 if sea levels rise by one metre due to climate change.
  • Mukta’s farming jobsIn the first picture Mukta is planting rice with her mother.In the second picture Mukta is weeding the family’s vegetable garden.In the third picture Mukta and her mother are feeding their ducks.
  • In 2007, around 30 million people in south Asia lost their homes and livelihoods after the worst floods for 30 years. Mukta and her family prepare as much as they can for natural disasters. For example, they have worked with their neighbours to build embankments near the village to defend their homes against the floodwaters. Ask pupils to draw this table in their books. With a partner, think about all the reasons why Mukta and her family might go hungry. These could include:Flash flooding ruining the rice crops and vegetablesSeeds which have been stored being washed awayA poor rice harvestNot having enough rice to store after harvest timeHaving no seeds to store and plant for the following yearEarning no money from selling rice after harvest timeHaving no money to buy food
  • This is Reuben. He lives in Rumphi District, in the north of a country called Malawi. Malawi is in East Africa. He likes to look after the family’s goat and to play with his friends!
  • This picture shows severe soil erosion in Rumphi District, Malawi, near to Reuben’s home. Soil erosion happens when soil is blown away by the wind or washed away by the rain. Soil erosion is common in areas with steep slopes, where trees have been cut down or duringdroughts when crops grow poorly. Soil erosion makes growing crops difficult, because the soil has lost all its nutrients. Soil erosion is a serious problem facing farmers in Malawi.
  • Reuben’s mum is a farmer. Her name is ThabuChidimba. Farming is very difficult in this area of Malawi because the soil is infertile and the rains are infrequent. However, Thabu and other women from her village have been trying out some new farming methods to make the land more fertile. Let’s have a look at some of them!
  • Links between the three picturesIn the first picture you can see Lina placing compost on sprouting maize plants. This adds nutrients to the soil and helps the plants to grow. In the second picture you can see several compost heaps made by the women. These have been created from a mix of animal and food waste. In the third picture you can see the contrast between maize grown on compost-fed soil in the background and maize grown without in the foreground.
  • Thabu and the other women farmers from her village irrigate their fields by building small channels and pumping water from the nearby river.
  • Ask pupils to draw three interlocking circles on a piece of paper. In the overlapping sections they could write the similarities between the three children’s lives and the places where they live. In the other sections they could write the differences.
  • Transcript

    • 1. World Food Day2012: KS2 Pupils at Langobaya school, Kenya, collect their school lunch as part of ActionAid’s school feeding programme.ActionAid schools | September 2012 ActionAid schools | September PHOTO: SØREN BJERREGAARD/ACTIONAID. 2012 | 1
    • 2. Can you guess the name of this food?Thikhala Chilembwe, 14 ,from Malawi. Margret David harvests a healthy cropPHOTO: CAMERON MCNEE/MISSIONMALAWI//ACTIONAID from her garden in Malawi. PHOTO: ACTIONAID ActionAid schools | September 2012 | 2
    • 3. Why has this maize crop dried up? Can you think of three reasons?The Yaa familys failed maize crop inLangobaya, Kenya.PHOTO: DES WILLIE/ACTIONAID ActionAid schools | September 2012 | 3
    • 4. Mariam Yaa, 10, collects water and tends the Mariam Yaa, 10, at her homestead infamily’s goats in Langobaya, Kenya.PHOTO: Langobaya, Kenya. DES WILLIE/ACTIONAID PHOTO: DES WILLIE/ACTIONAID ActionAid schools | September 2012 | 4
    • 5. What type of food doyou think is in thetwo bowls? Karisa, Mariam and Karembo Yaa at home in Langobaya, Kenya. PHOTO: DES WILLIE/ACTIONAID ActionAid schools | September 2012 | 5
    • 6. ActionAid schools | September 2012 | 6
    • 7. Why do you think some people go hungry? Mariam’s family Mukta’s family ActionAid schools | September 2012 | 7
    • 8. Mukta and her friends in their home villagein Sunamganj district, Bangladesh. Mukta’s mother Shofikun in the communityTOM PIETRASIK/ACTIONAID paddy fields in Sunamganj district, Bangladesh. PHOTO: NICOLAS AXELROD/ACTIONAID ActionAid schools | September 2012 | 8
    • 9. What farming jobs do you think Mukta is doing? Mukta and her mother Shofikun. Mukta in the familys vegetable and her mother Shofikun. Mukta garden. PHOTO: NICOLAS AXELROD/ACTIONAID PHOTO: NICOLAS AXELROD/ACTIONAID PHOTO: NICOLAS AXELROD/ACTIONAID ActionAid schools | September 2012 | 9
    • 10. Why do you think some people go hungry? Mariam’s family Mukta’s family ActionAid schools | September 2012 | 10
    • 11. Reuben Chidimba with a baby goat Reuben plays with his village friends. PHOTO: GRAEME WILLIAMS/PANOS/ACTIONAIDat home in Rumphi district, Malawi.PHOTO: GRAEME WILLIAMS/PANOS/ACTIONAID ActionAid schools | September 2012 | 11
    • 12. Describe what you see in this picture. Do you think itwould be easy or difficult to grow food in this area? Typical landscape in Rumphi district, Malawi. PHOTO: GRAEME WILLIAMS/PANOS/ACTIONAID0 ActionAid schools | September 2012 | 12
    • 13. Thabu Chidimba, a smallholder farmer in thefields she shares with other local women.PHOTO: GRAEME WILLIAMS/PANOS/ACTIONAID ActionAid schools | September 2012 | 13
    • 14. What links all these pictures together?Lina Gondwe helping sproutingmaize plants to grow.PHOTO: GRAEME WILLIAMS/PANOS/ACTIONAIDContrast between maize grown on compost-fed soil inthe background and maize grown without compost in Compost heaps made by womenthe foreground, Rumphi district, Malawi. farmers in Rumphi district, Malawi.PHOTO: GRAEME WILLIAMS/PANOS/ACTIONAID PHOTO: GRAEME WILLIAMS/PANOS/ACTIONAID ActionAid schools | September 2012 | 14
    • 15. Thabu and other women farmers on their irrigatedland in Rumphi district, Malawi.PHOTO: GRAEME WILLIAMS/PANOS/ACTIONAID ActionAid schools | September 2012 | 15
    • 16. Think about Mariam, Mukta and Reuben. What arethe similarities and difference between their lives and the places where they live? ActionAid schools | September 2012 | 16

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