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Rio+20 Food Rights - handout (by ActionAid)

Rio+20 Food Rights - handout (by ActionAid)



With Rio+20 (the UN conference on Sustainable Development) starting on June 20th 2012, ActionAid has put together teaching resources to help learners explore issues around sustainable development.

With Rio+20 (the UN conference on Sustainable Development) starting on June 20th 2012, ActionAid has put together teaching resources to help learners explore issues around sustainable development.

These handouts support the PowerPoint and accompanying teacher's notes which explores sustainable development through the lens of food rights. Case studies illustrate why people are going hungry around the world and encourage learners to evaluate different approaches to solving the problem of hunger.

Suggested for KS3 Geography and Science lessons.

Also available to download: PowerPoint, teacher's notes.



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    Rio+20 Food Rights - handout (by ActionAid) Rio+20 Food Rights - handout (by ActionAid) Document Transcript

    • Case study 1: School feeding programme, RwandaLacherie (see picture) was suffering frommalnutrition* until the feeding programme ather primary school started to provide herwith 0.5 litres of fresh cow’s milk a day. Hermother Doreth is a small-scale farmer whogrows just enough sweet potatoes and beansto feed her seven children. She cannot affordto change the crops to more nutritious ones.The milk comes from two cows that were donated to the school byActionAid to help improve the pupils’ feeding and learning, and to providean income to the school through animal rearing and the school gardens.Half of the milk produced is used to feed malnourished children, with therest being sold. The school has saved enough money to build two moreclassrooms and to buy textbooks. The manure produced by the cows isused on the school gardens, which produces vegetables for the children toeat, as well as being sold to make an income for the school.Doreth is very pleased with the cows. “This ensures that our children [inthe local community] have a better education and future.”*Malnutrition refers to inadequate or unbalanced food intake or from poorabsorption of food consumed.Lacherie, 8, from Rwanda, drinking cow’s milk at school.PHOTO: SULAH NUWAMANYA/ACTIONAID Rio+20: Food Rights | ActionAid schools | June 2012 | 1
    • Case study 2: Seed banks, Pakistan Khudaija Pandrani (see picture) and her family grew crops on a landowner’s farm as small-scale farmers. They could only afford to buy low- quality seed at a high price, so they were always in debt to seed traders. Once their crops grew, half went to the landowner as rent with the remaining crop either eaten by the family or, if there was enough, sold for income.Although Khudaija worked alongside her husband and sons in the field, shewasn’t allowed to buy seed and sell crops because she is a woman. Thismeant she had no say in how the family’s income was used.ActionAid and a local organisation distributed 120 kilograms of organicseed to the poorest female smallholder farmers. The women had to agreethat after harvest, they would save the seeds produced. They also had togive any leftover seed they did not sow to a seed bank for other women inthe area to use.The seed bank saved the farmers money and because the seeds were onlygiven to women, they were more involved in making decisions.The seed bank has had a big impact on Khudaija’s life. “Men respect usnow, because they know that it is because of us that they are benefitting...We will not let them exclude us from important decisions anymore. Afterall, we women are equal contributors in the family.”Khudaija Pandrani, from Pakistan, is a farmer who has benefitted from access to aseed bank.PHOTO: ACTIONAID Rio+20: Food Rights | ActionAid schools | June 2012 | 2
    • Case study 3: Disaster risk reduction, HaitiFollowing the devastatingearthquake of January 2010, Lilaand her family moved to a campfor displaced people inLascahobas, central Haiti.As well as providing food, waterand tents, ActionAid and a localpartner set up a scheme called‘cash for work’.All the women in Lila’s camp took part. Heavy rainfall was washing awaysoil and making it hard for farmers to plant crops. The women from thecamp created small canals and dirt walls to provide channels for therainfall. They then planted ‘Fey elefan’, the roots of which hold the soiltogether while the leaves provide food for goats and cows. Local farmerswere then able to plant seeds without worrying about soil erosionpreventing their crops from growing.By paying workers for their disaster risk reduction work, Lila and others inthe camp have money to look after their families and have also learnt agreat deal about ways to reduce the impact of extreme weather conditions.Lila, from Haiti, shows an example of disaster risk reduction. Digging small canalsand dirt walls provides channels for heavy rainfall.PHOTO: ACTIONAID Rio+20: Food Rights | ActionAid schools | June 2012 | 3
    • Case study 4: Campaigning for land rights, India Yerrampalli (see image) is a Dalit farmer from south-eastern India. In India, 60% of women are farmers but less than 10% own the land.* The Dalit people, also known as ‘Untouchables’, do not own land and are usually very poor. Yerrampalli’s family could not always find work which meant they did not have enough money to buy food and would have to go hungry.In the summer months, they would have to travel far from their village tofind work. Yerrampalli knew that if she could farm her own land, she andher family would have enough food to eat and sell, and her children wouldbe able to go to school.Yerrampalli and other local women got together to demand land ownershipin their village. Over a year, they took part in rallies to fight for their rightto land. Local men didn’t believe they would be successful but theircampaign for land rights eventually led to 120 women being given theirown land in the village, including Yerrampalli. “I am a proud women now. Ihad never imagined that one day I would own a piece of land. I cannotdescribe my happiness in words.”*Source: Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO),http://www.fao.org/worldfoodsummit/english/fsheets/women.pdfYerrampalli , from India, at a land rights march for local women.PHOTO: ACTIONAID Rio+20: Food Rights | ActionAid schools | June 2012 | 4
    • Case study 5: Campaigning against hunger, BrazilGrowing up in Brazil, Vicky Deccache is awareof the unequal society in which she lives,particularly when it comes to accessing food.“In such a huge country [like Brazil], it isunacceptable that people are still landless[and unable to] plant their own food. Thefarmers are responsible for 70% of Brazil’sfood production.”As a volunteer with ActionAid Brazil, Vicky wasable to campaign against hunger in differentways. For example, Vicky helped to organiseand took part in an event where campaignersmade a minute’s noise to ‘Free the Hungry Billion’. The event also called onBrazilian politicians to include the right to food as a national law.The variety of events and accompanying media attention helped to makesure that the Brazilian government put access to food at the centre ofpolicy.As for the future, Vicky believes it is important that young people aroundthe world make a stand against hunger. “To ignore this issue is to neglectthe future of one billion people living in hunger. Let’s make the change!”Vicky, from Brazil, food rights campaigner.PHOTO: ACTIONAID Rio+20: Food Rights | ActionAid schools | June 2012 | 5