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The organization of corrections

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  • 1. TheOrganization ofCorrectionsDr. AckermanT CRIM 372
  • 2. Links to the Past Rural The Big House But many changes  Drug related offenses  Urban areas  Racial makeup of prison population
  • 3. Stateville Correctional Center
  • 4. Goals of Incarceration  Three main models:  The custodial model  The rehabilitation model  The reintegration model“To keep prisoners – to keep them in, keep them safe, keep themin line, keep them healthy, and keep them busy – and to do it withfairness, without undue suffering, and as efficiently as possible.” ~Charles Logan (1993)
  • 5. Basic Statistics 1,208 confinement facilities; 85% run by states 84% are for men only 8% are for women only 8% house both sexes
  • 6. Federal Bureau of Prisons Developed in the 1930s Length of sentence increased in the 1980s 53,000 inmates are citizens of other countries Highly centralized staff 114 facilities Viewed as innovator in the field
  • 7. FBOP – Western Region
  • 8. Custody Level Unclassified, 4.3 Minimum, 16.70High, 11.00% 0% % Minimum Low Medium Medium, 29.70 % Low, 38.20% High Unclassified
  • 9. Sentence Imposed More than 20 Life, 3.10% Less than 1 1-3 years, 9.60% year, 1.90% years, 12.40% 15-20 Less than 1 yearyears, 8.60% 1-3 years 3-5 years 3-5 years, 14.70% 5-10 years 10-15 years, 19.90% 10-15 years 15-20 years 5-10 years, 29.80% More than 20 years Life
  • 10. Gender and Race Native Asian, 1.80Female American, % 1.80%, 6.60% White Black Male Black, 39.0 Male, 9 Female 0% White, 57. Native 40% 3.40% American Asian
  • 11. Cuba, 0.90% Dominican Other/Unknown, 5. Republic, 1.40% 30% Colombia, 1.30% United States Mexico Mexico, 17.80% Colombia Cuba United Dominican Republic States, 73.30% Other/Unknown
  • 12. Robbery, 4.50% Burglary, Larceny, Property Offenses, 3.50% Immigration, 11.30% Homicide, Aggravated Assault, and Extortion, Fraud, Bribery, 4.90 Kidnapping, 2.80% % Miscellaneous, 1.00% Banking & Insurance, Counterfeit, Embe zzlement, 0.40% Sex Offenses, 3.80% Courts or Corrections, 0.30%Weapons, Explosives, Arson, Continuing Criminal 15.10% Enterprise, 0.30% National Security, 0.00% Drug Offenses, 51.80%
  • 13. State Prison Systems http://www.doc.wa.gov/
  • 14. Design and Classification
  • 15. Graterford Prison
  • 16. USP ATWATER
  • 17. CCWF and WCCW
  • 18. Classification Minimum Medium Maximum Super-max  40 states Multi-levelfacilities http://www.bop.gov/locations/institutions /index.jsp
  • 19. Private Prisons http://ir.correctionscorp.com/phoenix.zht ml?c=117983&p=irol-irhome http://www.g4s.us/en-US/ http://www.pbs.org/now/shows/419/vide o.html