slide 1: SSA: Title : Good afternoon. Welcome to our presentation. I’m Shannon Acedo and this is Cathy Leverkus.We will help you avoid the rocks as you dive into the world of ebooks by giving you the knowledge you’ll need to begin building a collection of ebooks that will be a vibrant addition to your own library program.
slide 2: SSA: Ebook Slide/ slideshow location: SSA: As we start off I’d like to let you know that this powerpoint will be available at [slideshow location], so all the information we present here will be available after our workshop. CL continues with info about our ebook and signing on Saturday.
Slide 3. CL Poll Your peers are an excellent source of information by a raise of hands answer these questions. Licensing vs. ownership: The first time I saw this question I did not understand the vendor license agreements. I assumed that any ebooks I purchased I owned, just like their print counterparts. Most vendors have license agreements that you sign to gain access to the ebooks on their platforms, Amazon, Barnes & Noble, Baker & Taylor, Ingram and Follett, all sell print books that you own, but the ebooks from these vendors are purchased through a long-term license agreement you do not own the ebook. Some vendors offer long-term licenses and others are subscription services which require yearly renewals. Yearly renewal might seem difficult to manage, but we are used to the subscription services for our databases. A few vendors offer ebooks that can be purchased to own. Smashwordsebook vendor/self-publisher is one exception, Califa California librarians group has started a platform for ebooks that libraries can own, and Douglas County Library in the Denver area has a platform for ebooks they own. Side note Smashwords books are available for purchase through Amazon, iBooks and other vendors
Slide 4: SSA: On October 23, ALA held a virtual town hall meeting on ebooks; it was a clear overview of the current state of digital media and libraries. By working with publishers and other stakeholders, ALA has been at the forefront of advocacy in the movement to foster developments that benefit libraries and their use of ebooks. Robert Wolven, Co-Chair of ALA’s Digital Content Working Group summed it up: It is no longer a question of ‘why or why not’ ebooks will be part of library collections but ‘how and how quickly’. This town hall served as a useful look back at where we’ve come from, as well as a good summation of where we are now. We’ve included the link to the recorded webinar and the slides from that event—these will be available along with the rest of our slides at slideshare xxx.
Slide 5: CL : Types of ebooks, Types of access: Now we’ll talk about ebook types and access types, starting with the ILS (Integrated Library System) Managed System. Any ILS can have MARC records linking to the ebook, but SIP 2 explain? allows ebooks to be managed more carefully from the ILS.//The first is ILS can have a MARC record with links to the ebook. But with SIP 2 offers more specific control allows ebooks to be assigned levels of access in that at check-out YA book is reserved for Young Adults.
Slide 6: CL: Vendor Managed Access: Baker & Taylor . Gives you the book . According to sales rep. Mackin VIA can play ebooks on ipad, kindle, nook, computer. Searching Just gives the book not the chapters, or pages like in GVRL, EBSCOhost and MyiLbrary Ingram
Slide 7: CL: Aggregator Managed Access: EBSCO Discovery Services, Mackin Via . aggregator managed. Can search ebooks and databases
Slide 8: SSA: Publisher Managed Access: Publisher Vendors have created an ebook platform for their publications that can include books from other publishers. One advantage of this type of access is cross-searching through many books. As you can see with Salem History, you can search through any one title or set, or search through all Salem titles you own. We’ll see this type of access later with GVRL. [talk about these Salem titles as ebook Databases?]
Slide 9: SSA: Rosen, Scholastic and Britannica all have K-12 collections; Britannica has particularly good HS reference. Rosen, perhaps stronger Middle School collections. While all can be accessed through their publisher’s platforms, can be purchased through GVRL and other vendors. ** Notice that you’ll need a different platform for every publisher. Advantage to vendor bundlers gives access to multiple publishers through one platform. Scholastic has decided they want to use their own platform, Storia, and will be unavailable through anyone else. This could change, if access and sales are affected.
Slide 10: SSA: Acquire titles via bundler: Bundlers provide collections of ebooks to purchase as a whole (TumbleBooks, ProQuestEbrary) or as individual titles (GVRL, EbscoHost). HEB is ONLY a collection you subscribe to—a good collection—but you can’t select title by title.
Slide 11: SSA: Non-fiction Reference Collections, searchable across several titles, keyword subject search. Can be purchased individually or as bundles. Brings up ‘ownership’ issues. HEB as a subscription, GALE Access in perpetuity. OverDrive access as long as you continue to subscribe to their service.
Slide 12: CL: Elementary Subscription Bundler: TumbleBooks, offers 3 different bundles that you can subscribe to TumbleBook Library is the elementary collection that includes videos and games( K-3) Tumblebook Cloud Jr. 3-6 Chapter books, graphic novels and TumbleBook Cloud is Middle School High School collection. Capstone MyOn and StarWalk Kids subscription ebook platforms to like TB.IF you want to license ebooks LernerBooks offers a elementary collection other ebook vendor GVRL, Follett, Baker & Taylor, EBSCOhost, etc. have large elementary collections as well.
Slide 13: CL: Public/school library cooperation: Public Library co-operations. SMPL has a liaison who visits the school libraries. Students taught about Public Library Resources and link on website
Slide 14: CL :Device Neutral access is for vendors who you access through a website and you do not need an App to open the ebookPurchase the platform need to know which e-readers will read the books on the platform NOOKS for OverDrive and Axis 360, tablets and other readers with internet access like the NOOK HD and Kindle Fire.ADA requirements Philadelphia free library had simple NOOKS v NationalFederation dOJ Department of Justice for the Blind settlement decided that library should have e-readers that are accessible to all patrons Have some voice activated access all your readers do not have to have voice activated access.
Slide 15: CL:In her webinar Sue Polanka addressed the issues encountered in the process of lending e-readers. Both Sue Polanka and Mary Minow discussed the option offered by most e-reader companies of downloading one title to six different devices, and they agreed that this model is for an individual user not a library. They recommend that libraries purchase every copy of an ebook circulated in their collections (with the exception, of course, of free ebooks). Erin Crumm, vice president, corporate communications at HarperCollins, has stated, “We allow a purchaser to access an ebook on up to six different devices simultaneously, since many readers switch from one device to another during the course of the day. If we were to extend these terms to libraries, a library could circulate six copies of an ebook in perpetuity based on a single purchase.” If a library purchases one copy of a printed book, the library has only one copy to circulate. Circulating one book on six devices would mean that a library was circulating one purchased copy and five free copies.In Mary Minow’s opinion, the best way to circulate e-readers is to circulate unloaded devices so patrons without their own e-readers can download and read ebooks in the library’s collection.
Slide 16:CL : Talked about Circulating devices you will be circulating Ebooks through the vendor, your catalog or catalog vendor liaison, publisher or aggragator; Follett and Mackin can also function this way.
Slide 17: SSA: Budgetary Factors: License vs. Subscription. One time purchase vs. Annual subscription How can you tell that you own it? OverDrive and 3M both have 2 pieces of the invoice: one set amount to pay annually as a hosting fee, perhaps $2000 to host, plus $2000 to purchase licences to access ebooks. As long as you continue in your relationship you continue to have access to the titles you’ve acquired. If you stop using OverDrive you lose access to those titles. Hosting fees are frequently charged by vendors, but are often perhaps $50 or $150 per year, depending on vendor.PDA describes a variety of models where the patron’s use of a title triggers a purchase.Carefully controlled by settings you’ve set up with your vendor, but is a way to make a full catalog available to your patrons but only pay for the materials they want to read. UDA involves a pre-paid ‘flex-fund’ from which purchases are made automatically. Things are very much in flux, but publishers are showing they are much more interested in working with Libraries to come up with creative solutions.
Slide 18: SSA: Up to now we’ve covered many of the important factors regarding ebooks in the school library, and we can see it’s not a matter of ‘one sizes fits all’. It’s not even ‘one size fits most’. It is nearly impossible to provide all types of ebooks through just one vendor, so each librarian will need to determine the formula that will work for each library. Here’s a list of the main elements to consider. How will students access the ebooks? How do you manage your ebooks and your platforms? Which vendors will you use for which types of ebooks? Do you prefer a subscription or a ‘long term lease’ model? What other varieties of acquisition might you consider—PDA? ‘Lease to own?’ Integrate free ebooks into your collection? Most of us will likely create a combination of several models and vendors to craft an approach that will work for our own libraries.
Slide 19:CL DRM: refers to access technologies that are intended to limit how the general public uses digital resources. DRM is used by digital content vendors, digital publishers, hardware manufacturers, and digital copyright holders to restrict how ebooks can be viewed and what purchasers can do with them. Did you “[buy] an ebook from Amazon but can’t read it on your ebook reader of choice? That’s DRM” Ethics : circulate e-readers loaded with books the 1 e-reader all the books on that e-reader are out to one patron. VoiceOver announces items on screen text-to-speech capabilities all books can be read by the e-reader.Circulate unloaded devices: FirstSale Doctrine, as previously mentioned, allows the owner of a book, movie, music CD, e-reader, computer, or other physical object to give away, resell, or lend that item to anyone. It is Mary Minow’s opinion that unloaded devices and their software can be circulated under the principles of First Sale Doctrine because the e-reader is a physical object. Question: How can software be an object? Explain.Publisher Vendor agreements: Scholastic recently decided that they wanted to offer their books from their own platform, previously had licensing agreements with different vendors., other publishers are offering their books through vendors, that weren’t even a few months ago. Simon and Schuster ebook now available through vendors. Read licensing agreements before signing, It is hard to manage an ebook collection from many different publishers.Sage/CQ Press
Slide 20: SSA: Slide 20: SSA: As ebooks began entering the library ecosystem, it seemed as if libraries had little option but to accept the conditions dictated by the few players in the ebook distribution world. Publishers were very concerned that the spread of digital media would be catastrophic to their industry, and the restrictions of DMCA allowed them to be very restrictive with their ebooks. As time has passed, not only hasn’t there been a meltdown of the industry but we have seen development of some creative approaches to solving some of the issues in this area. Publishers are moving on their own in some cases, allowing their ebooks to be purchased by libraries for a certain number of circulations, or a defined period of time, and sometimes allowing for a lower price on the re-purchase of that title, much like a paperback edition coming out after the hardback edition. Ebooks are also affecting reader’s advisory, when the physical books aren’t present on a physical shelf to be placed into the hands of a student. There are workarounds, however, and vendors are creating some nice ‘displays’ as part of their discovery systems, like Axis 360’s Magic Wall, allowing students to browse for interesting material albeit in a digital way. Librarians are finding that reader’s advisory isn’t so different with ebooks, but it can require a greater investment of time and attention.ILL has also been greatly impacted by the advent of ebooks. DCMA allows publishers to restrict lending of ebooks, and while there are a few lone exceptions, most publishers do not allow ebooks to be lent between institutions.This month I had a request from a librarian in our local consortium asking if it were possible to borrow 3 ebooks they found in our catalog. Sorry– not possible. This may have a large impact on library’s ability to provide materials that were once available.Another example of speedy changes in this arena is the entrance of Massachusetts into the growing number of states, joining with Arizona, Connecticut and Kansas that are working to create programs and at times even legislation ensuring that ebooks will be available to state residents no matter how often publishers change their plans. State-wide partnerships between different types of libraries. The Genesee Valley Educational Partnership brought together 22 small school districts in New York State to work closely with publishers and vendors to make ebooks available at a price level that would make th is regional buying possible.
Slide 21: CL: With everything changing quickly, this is where we are with the publishers and what they offer libraries as listed on the Evoke blog which is a useful blog to read, but the information has already changed since October 23, Basically
Slide 22:CL: Yes and to now show how fast changing the library publisher relationship is Simon & Schuster’s pliot is over books are available through some of the vendors.
Slide 23: SSA: Future Prospects: Will be a where the right format for the right situation will be important. Not “either or”, but “both and”. REVISE
Slide 24: CL: Important to stay informed and blogs are the purveyors of news for the 21st century.
Slide 25:CL: The different ebook vendors and publishers are here for you to peruse late on from the AASL Handouts page it is also avaiableSlideShare
Slide 29: Hands-on Vendor Trials (slide on view during hands-on exploration
Slide 30: Questions and Comments (slide on view during questions/comments)
Slide 31: Book advert, closing:SSA: it’s all in the book; book sales and signing at the ALA bookstore, Saturday 11:45 – 12:15CL: Also on the slideshow which can be found at http://www.slideshare.net/AcedoShannon/aasl-presentation-median5a-11-10201311
Aasl diving into ebooks 11 14-13
Diving Into Ebooks? Avoid the Rocks: Gain Skills
to Design the Best Ebook Program.
Slideshow location: AASL Handouts Site and
Book Signing at the ALA Bookstore Saturday 11:4512:15
Are ebooks part of your school library collection?
If you use a vendor, which vendor do you use for your ebook
Gale Virtual Reference Library (GVRL)
Baker & Taylor
Does your school own the ebooks in your school collection?
ALA Virtual Town Hall on Ebooks
October 23, 2013
Robert Wolven (Co-Chair of ALA‟s Digital
Content Working Group), regarding ebooks and
“It is no longer a question of why or why
but how and how quickly.”
Wrap-up of Town Hall meeting, links to slides
and recording, here:
Types of eBooks, Types of Access
e-books eBooks ebooks
Integrated Library System (ILS) Managed
Vendor Managed Access
Follett, Baker and Taylor, OverDrive
Baker & Taylor Axis 360 Platform
Public Library and School Library
Cooperation OverDrive, Axis 360, 3M Cloud
1:1 School provided device
BYOD: Student provided device
Device-neutral access (open & read book
from school catalog link or app on a
laptop, desktop or device)
Purchase devices to access the library
policy for devices
Access for visually impaired and learning
Ebook Circulation/Access Systems
Vendor and Publisher Managed Circulation
(MARC record to ebook and site) –
Axis 360, OverDrive, Mackin, most
ILS Managed Circulation through SIP 2 –
Publishers - Salem, Infobase,
Aggregator Managed Access –
EBSCO, Mackin, Follett
License vs. Subscription
Patron Driven Acquisition
UDA (Usage Driven Acquisition) Gale
PDA (Purchase Demand Access) title on jobber site
purchase if enough interest: EBSCO, Ingram, GVRL
POD (Purchase On Demand) All vendors:
vendors, Kindle, Nook, iBook, etc.
Future Planning – affected by changes in publishing
Ebook Collection Development Criteria
Important topics to remember when creating your ebook
Device/Access – how do you access your book
and what do you read it on
Management – how do you make it work
Selection – what vendor do you use to find
Ownership – Do you lease or are you
subscribing to a collection
Acquisition – license, rent, carry titles
with option to license, free ebooks
DRM – Digital Rights
Ethics – legality of
lending, privacy, accessibility
Publishers and vendor
Independent publishers and
proliferation of platforms
Supreme Court Building
Changing Models of Library Collection
Patron Interface/Readers Advisory
Changing world of ILL
Massachusetts and the State-wide eBook
Platform, Genesee Valley Educational
Partnership and Webooks
The Big 5 and Sales to Libraries: an
Posted on October 23, 2013 by Dan H. Lawrence on Evoke:
http://evoke.cvlsites.org/2013/10/23/the-big-5-and-sales-to-libraries-anupdate/ (includes sources)
Hachette – As of May 2013, are selling all titles on the big 3 platforms
(OverDrive, B&T Axis360, and 3M Cloud Library) but have a 2-tier
pricing model. New titles will be 3 times the print cover price and after 1
year prices will be 1.5 times the price of the highest edition currently in
Harper Collins – Still no provisions for permanent ownership as they
are sticking to the 26 circulations per “purchase” model. Available on all
3 platforms. Prices are generally a bit higher than consumer pricing.
MacMillan – As of October 2013, making all 11,000+ titles in their
backlist (over a year old) available for a 2-year or 52 circulations
(whichever comes first) license term. On all 3 platforms, plus Recorded
Books. Prices will stay high at $25 per title, even for older content.
Penguin (Penguin Random House) – As of September 2013, despite the
merger with Random House, will maintain separate contractual terms. All
eBooks will be available via all 3 vendor platforms, except via Kindle on
Overdrive. Prices are supposed to be set at consumer market price but limited
to a 1-year licensing term.
Random House (Penguin Random House) – Since February 2012, are
selling all titles and allow a purchase/perpetual license. Available on all 3
platforms plus Ingram. The pricing is typically multiple times higher than the
Simon & Schuster – As of April 2013, running a testing pilot to make ebooks
available to 3 library systems in NYC via the 3M and B&T platforms. Books will
be available for purchase (even if not checked out) and libraries are getting a 1
year licensing term before having to re-purchase.
In summary: Overall, prices are decreasing. There are no discounts for bulk
purchasing. Each publisher has only one pricing model, and they are all different.
Looks Bright, publishers loosening up controls
Vendors branching out into school libraries
Initial „panic‟ of ebook explosion settling into
Purchase of ebooks leveling off? Format
becoming less vital. Returning to “a book is a
book”? The right format for the situation
ALA‟s "The Digital Shift" (http://www.thedigitalshift.com/)
Buffy Hamilton‟s “The Unquiet Librarian”
Colorado Virtual Library‟s “Evoke: Creating the Future of Library Econtent” (http://evoke.cvlsites.org/)
Steve Matthew‟s “Twenty First Century Library Blog”
"LJ INFOdocket" (http://www.infodocket.com/)
Sue Polanka‟s "No Shelf Required”
Publisher‟s Weekly‟s "PWxyz”
“Teleread News and Views on E-books, Libraries, Publishing”
CBS‟ “ZDNet Technology News” (http://www.zdnet.com)
“Digital Book World” (http://www.digitalbookworld.com/)
Ebook Vendors and Publishers
3M Cloud Library http://3m-ssd.implex.net/cloudapps/index.html
American Council Of Learned Sociaties - Humanities E-Book (ACLSHEB) http://humanitiesebook.org/about-us/default.html
Baker & Taylor (B&T) Axis 360 platform http://btol.com/axis360
Brain Hive www.brainhive.com/Pages/Home.aspx
Capstone Digital www.capstonepub.com/content/DIGITAL_CIL
EBSCO Discovery Service www.ebscohost.com/discovery
EBSCOhost ebook collections www.ebscohost.com/ebooks
More Vendors and Publishers
Gale Virtual Reference Library Platform (GVRL)
Ingram MyiLibrary www.myilibrary.com
ProQuest ebrary www.proquest.com/enUS/products/brands/pl_ebrary.shtml
Salem Press http://salempress.com/store/pages/ebooks.htm
StarWalk Kids Media www.starwalkkids.com/about-us/ourmission.html
TumbleBookLibrary and TumbleBookCloud www.tumblebooks.com
Free Ebook Collections
Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) http://dp.la
Google Books http://books.google.com
International Children‟s Digital Library http://en.childrenslibrary.org
The Library of Congress http://archive.org/details/library_of_congress
Open Library http://openlibrary.org
Project Gutenberg www.gutenberg.org
Rare Book Room http://rarebookroom.org
World Digital Library www.wdl.org/en
Book Signing at the ALA Bookstore Saturday 11:45-12:15
Slideshow location: http://www.slideshare.net/AcedoShannon/aasl-presentation-median5a-1110201311
Remember to submit your evaluation of this workshop at national.aasl.org/sessionevaluation.
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