Mashouka introduction2

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JBP-1 / Lesson 16 / Proposing to do something for someone.

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Mashouka introduction2

  1. 1. Lesson 16 Proposing to do something for someone Lesson Recap
  2. 2. ∼ましょうか/∼ mashouka ∼ましょうか/∼ mashouka introduction of the lesson Here s the introduction of the lesson When we started the lesson, the blinds of windows in the classroom was all opened and we started the lesson, the blinds of windows in the classroom was all opened and it was glaring. So II proposed to students as ;; glaring. So proposed to students as せんせい:ブラインドを しめましょうか。 Shall II close the blinds? せんせい:ブラインドを しめましょうか。 Shall close the blinds? sensei sensei buraindo o shime mashouka buraindo o shime mashouka After all blinds were closed the room became dark and we could hardly see each other. all blinds were closed the room became dark and we could hardly see each other. (oops, it s exaggerated a bit. .. .. )) (oops, it s exaggerated a bit. せんせい: でんきを つけましょうか。 Shall II turn the lights on? せんせい: でんきを つけましょうか。 Shall turn the lights on? sensei sensei denki o tsuke mashouka denki o tsuke mashouka Then the room became fairly bright, but we found the room was too hot. the room became fairly bright, but we found the room was too hot. せんせい: エアコンを つけましょうか。 Shall II turn the AC on? せんせい: エアコンを つけましょうか。 Shall turn the AC on? sensei sensei eyakon o tsuke mashouka eyakon o tsuke mashouka あついです あついです In Lesson 15 we learned ∼ましょうか meaning let s ∼ .. ∼ましょうか is also used in the sense of learned ∼ましょうか meaning let s ∼ ∼ましょうか is also used in the sense of mashouka mashouka mashouka mashouka let me do something for someone in offering/proposing assistance. something for someone in offering/proposing assistance. Vocabulary ブラインド = blinds ブラインド = blinds buraindo buraindo しめます = to close/shut しめます = to close/shut shimemasu shimemasu でんき = lights でんき = lights denki denki エアコン = AC(air conditioning) エアコン = AC(air conditioning) eyakon eyakon つけます = to turn lights, TV, radio, and most of electric devices つけます = to turn lights, TV, radio, and most of electric devices tsukemasu tsukemasu
  3. 3. Accepting and Rejecting an offer If you see someone having a hard time opening the lid of a bottle, for instance, you can offer help by saying: ふたを あけましょうか。 Shall I open the lid? futa o ake mashouka ええ/はい、おねがいします。 Yes, please. ee hai onegai shimasu いいえ、けっこうです。 No, thank you. iie kekkoudesu Or, if you see someone carrying heavy baggage, you can offer help by saying: にもつを もちましょうか。 Shall I carry the baggage? nimotsu o mochi mashouka ええ/はい、おねがいします。 Yes, please. ee hai onegai shimasu いいえ、けっこうです。 No, thank you. iie Vocabulary ふた = lid futa kekkoudesu にもつ = luggage, baggage nimotsu あけます = to open akemasu もちます = to carry, hold mochimasu
  4. 4. ∼ましょうか/∼ mashouka Drill-1 ∼ましょうか? mashouka Your friend just broke his legs and stays in bed. You may want to help him out in many different ways. Please offer something for him using cues below ; to open windows/door for him, to turn the light/TV/AC on, to bring water/soda, and so on.
  5. 5. ∼ましょうか/∼ mashouka Drill-2 ∼ましょうか in this Drill-2 is not exactly used in the sense of let me do something for someone mashouka in offering/proposing assistance. In the meantime, you can make a proposal with ∼ましょうか to usher people in the sense of let me lead to do something for someone as well. れい:バスで いきます。 → バスで いきましょうか。 rei ba su d e i kim as u . basu de ikimashouka. mashouka
  6. 6. Now please try to usher people in the sense of let me lead to do something for someone with ましょうか in the following situations. mashouka *utai masu/ to sing
  7. 7. ∼が あります/∼ ga arimasu In Lesson 8 &9, we learned X があります that means there is/are X (nonliving object) . ga arimasu The particle が introduces, or presents the item X, and you can tell that there is the item X at a certain location. In Lesson 16, you can also use あります to say that you have or own something. arimasu わたしは くるまが あります。 watashi wa kuruma ga arimasu I have a car. わたしは じかんが ありません。 w at as hi w a j i kan ga ari mas en I don t have time. We also use あります when we want to say that an event will take place. arimasu わたしは かようびに テストが あります。 watashi wa kayoubi ni tesuto ga arimasu I have an exam on Tuesday. わたしは らいしゅう やすみが ありません。 w at as hi w a r ai s h uu y as u mi g a ar i m ase n I don t have a day-off next week.
  8. 8. ∼が あります/∼ ga arimasu Drills Exercise 3 (p154) : State what one has. Make up sentences following the pattern of the example. Substitute the underlined word with the words suggested by the illustration. ex. (わたしは) おかねが あります。 watashi wa okane ga arimasu I have money. 1. (わたしは) かさが あります。 watashi wa kasa ga arimasu I have an umbrella. 2. (わたしは) えいがの きっぷが あります。 watashi wa eiga no kippu ga arimasu I have a movie ticke t. 3. (わたしは)かようびに にほんごの じゅぎょうが あります。 watashi wa kayoubi ni nihongo no jugyou ga arimasu I have a Japanese class on Tuesday. 4. (わたしは) もくようびに やすみが あります。 watashi wa mokuyoubi ni yasumi ga arimasu I have a day-off on Thursday. 5. (わたしは)ごご12じから ごご3じまで じかんが あります。 watashi wa gogo juuni-ji kara gogo san-ji made jikan ga arimasu I have time from 12pm to 3pm. 6. (わたしは)ごご3じから ごご6じまで かいぎが あります。 watashi wa gogo san-ji kara gogo roku-ji made kaigi ga arimasu I have mee ting from 3pm to 6pm. Vocabulary おかね = money okane じかん = time jikan じゅぎょう = class / lesson jugyou やすみ = day off yasumi
  9. 9. ∼が あります/∼ ga arimasu Drills Extended drill : Ask and answer what Mr. Miller has. Make up dialogues following the pattern of the example. Substitute the underlined word with the words suggested by the illustration. (We did not practice this drill in the last lesson so please challenge it! ) ex. Q : ミラーさんは くるまが ありますか。 List of Mr. Miller s belongings miraa-san wa kuruma ga arimasuka A : いいえ、 ありません。 iie arimasen 1. じてんしゃ/jitensha Q : ミラーさんは くるまが ありま      すか。 miraa-san wa A :                  2. iPad (あいぱっど/ai paddo) 4. パソコン/pasokon Q : ミラーさんは くるまが ありま      すか。 Q : ミラーさんは くるまが ありま      すか。 A :                  A :                  3. けいたい/keitai 5. ゴルフクラブ/gorufu kurabu (golf club set) Q : ミラーさんは くるまが ありま      すか。 Q : ミラーさんは くるまが ありま      すか。 A :                  A :                  miraa-san wa miraa-san wa miraa-san wa miraa-san wa
  10. 10. Extended Drill 4 Look at Takashi s schedule for the week and answer the questions. after school/がっこうの あとで gakkou no ato de history/れきし rekishi club activity/クラブかつどう kurabu katsudou test/テスト tesuto part-time job/アルバイト arubaito Ex. 1. げつようびに えいごの クラスが ありますか。 Q : げつようびに フランスごの 2. かようびに コンピューターの クラスが ありますか。 getsuyoubi ni furansu-go no クラスが ありますか。 kurasu ga arimasu ka. A : はい、あります。 hai arimasu. getsuyoubi ni kayoubi ni e i g o no kurasu ga arimasu ka. k o n p u u t a a no kurasu ga arimasu ka. 3. もくようびに フランスごの クラスが ありますか。 mokuyoubi ni furansu-go no kurasu ga 4. どようびに クラスが ありますか。 doyoubi ni kurasu ga arimasu ka. 5. すいようびに 何が ありますか。 suiyoubi ni nani ga arimasu. 6. きんようびに 何が ありますか。 kinyoubi ni nani ga arimasu. nichiyoubi ni nani ga arimasu. 7. にちようびに 何が ありますか。 arimasu ka.

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