CountersThere are two important things you should know about counting items inJapanese.One, we use diﬀerent number words as counters for diﬀerent kinds of items; thecounter used for counting shirts are diﬀerent from the counter used for countingbottles.Two, counters often come after, rather than before, the items counted in asentence. (I’ll have) five bottles of beer, please. biiru o go hon kudasai ビール を 5 ほん ください 。 item number counter シャツ を ３ まい ください 。 shatsu o san mai kudasai (I’ll have) three pieces of shirts, please.
In this lesson, we learncounters mai and hon onthe text book,Besides, I ve introducedkai for ﬂoors of a buildingand satsu for books andmagazines in the chart asright. go-honThere is also unique way ofcounting without a counteras the traditional Japaneseway for small things such ashitotsu as one piece ,futatsu as two pieces ,and so on up to ten.