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JBP-1 / Lesson 6 grammar 2

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This is an updated version of Lesson 6 grammar note.

This is an updated version of Lesson 6 grammar note.

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  • 1. Grammar Notes Lesson 6 Basic Motion Verbs
  • 2. BRANCH くうこう えき ししゃ こうえん ともだちの うち Destinations (pronounce as kuukoo ) (pronounce as kooen ) kuukou eki shisha tomodachi no uchikouen
  • 3. PRESENT FORM PAST FORM aff. neg. aff. neg. go いきます いきません いきました いきませんでした come きます きません きました きませんでした return go home かえります かえりません かえりました かえりませんでした Verb Conjugations person は place verbに 。 ex. スミスさん は ぎんこう に いきます。 Mr. Smith goes (will go) to the bank. ikimasu kimasu kaerimasu ikimasen kimasen kaerimasen ikimashita kimashita kaerimashita ikimasendeshita kimasendeshita kaerimasendeshita wa ni sumisu-san wa ginkou ni ikimasu
  • 4. Time expressions LAST THIS NEXT DAY きのう きょう あした WEEK せんしゅう こんしゅう らいしゅう MONTH せんげつ こんげつ らいげつ YEAR きょねん ことし らいねん person は place verbに 。 ex. スミスさんは せんしゅう ホンコンに いきました。 Mr. Smith went to Hong Kong last week. Time expressions kinou senshuu sengetsu kyonen kyou konshuu kongetu kotoshi ashita raishuu raigetsu rainen sumisu-san wa senshuu honkon ni ikimashita wa ni
  • 5. Telling Companions person は place verbに 。 ex. わたしは あした ともだちと きょうとに いきます。 I will go to Kyoto with a friend tomorrow. Time expressions companion と If there is(are) a companion(s), a particle と comes right after the companion(s), and companion(s) + と comes before the destination of a sentence usually. However, if you want to emphasize that you make an action alone, you use ひとり+で (by oneself = alone) instead of companion(s) + と . ex. わたしは あした ひとりで きょうとに いきます。 I will go to Kyoto tomorrow by myself. watashi wa ashita hitori de kyouto ni ikimasu hitori de watashi wa ashita tomodachi to kyouto ni ikimasu to to to wa to ni ka
  • 6. Question Sentences Asking a simple yes or no question, you just add か at the end of a sentence. ex. スミスさんは せんしゅう ともだちと ホンコンに いきましたか。 Did Mr. Smith go to Hong Kong with friends last week? Q : はい、いきました。 Yes, he did. A : or いいえ、いきませんでした。 No, he didn t. person は place verbにTime expressions companion と か。 sumisu-san wa senshuu tomodachi to honkon ni ikimashitaka hai ikimashita iie ikimasendeshita wa to ni ka
  • 7. However, you may need to ask more details such as when , where , and with whom . when→いつ person は place verbにTime expressions companion と か。 スミスさんは いつ ともだちと ホンコンに いきましたか。 When did Mr. Smith go to Hong Kong with friends? Q : ? せんしゅう いきました。 He went (to Hong Kong with friends) last week. A : sumisu-san wa itsu tomodachi to honkon ni ikimashitaka senshuu ikimashita itsu wa to ni ka
  • 8. person は place verbにTime expressions companion と か。 ? スミスさんは せんしゅう ともだちと どこに いきましたか。Q : Where did Mr. Smith go with friends last week? ホンコンに いきました。 He went to Hong Kong with friends last week). A : to where→どこに wa to dokoni ka sumisu-san wa senshuu tomodachi to doko ni ikimashitaka honkon ni ikimashita
  • 9. person は place verbにTime expressions companion と か。 ? スミスさんは せんしゅう だれと ホンコンに いきましたか。Q : With whom Mr. Smith went to Hong Kong last week? ともだちと いきました。 He went (to Hong Kong) with friends (last week). A : with whom→だれと wa ni ka sumisu-san wa senshuu dare to honkon ni ikimashitaka dare to tomodachi to ikimashita
  • 10. When you move to a place where the listener is, you say "I'm coming." in English. However in the same situation, わたしは いきます is used in Japanese. きます is a movement toward the place where the speaker is. いきます is a movement in a direction away from the speaker. Expression Note English Japanese . わたしは いきます。 listener listener *Please pay attention to this expression note when you try Exercise 9 on the textbook. watashi wa ikimasu kimasu ikimasu watashi wa ikimasu

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