JBP-1/Lesson 15/ Inviting someone to do something

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JBP-1/ Lesson 15/ Inviting someone to do something Grammar note and drills

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JBP-1/Lesson 15/ Inviting someone to do something

  1. 1. JBP Vol. 1/ Lesson 15 Grammar Note and Drills
  2. 2. Inviting Someone to Do Something verb + ませんか The 「verb + ませんか」pattern is used to invite someone to do something. You can use the「verb + ませんか」(= the present tense negative verb, plus the question particle か ) to extend an invitation. It should be noted that its affirmative counterpart, ますか , cannot be so used. Thus a sentence like 「あさくさに いきますか。」can only be construed as a question, not as an invitation. masen ka masen ka ka masuka asakusa ni ikimasuka Why don t we go to Asakusa together? いっしょに あさくさに いきませんか。 i s s h o n i a s a k u s a n i i k i m a s e n k a masen ka Yes, let s go. ええ/はい、 いきましょう。 e e / h a i i k i m a s h o u
  3. 3. Appropriate replies for the invitation are as follows. 1. Acceptance : a. b. Yes, let s [verb]. ええ/はい、 *verb stem + ましょう。 e e / h a i m a s h o u *verb stem = remove ます from the ます form verb Yes, I d love to. ええ/はい、 ぜひ。 e e / h a i z e h i 2. Refusal : I m sorry, but it wouldn t be convenient (for me at this moment). ざんねんですが、 つごうが わるいです。 tsugouga warui desuz a n n e n d e s u g a
  4. 4. Then once you are almost certain of your listener s intention and there is already a situation or a context where something is expected, 「verb stem + ましょうか」 (= the acceptance reply of let s [verb] , plus the question particle か ) is used. Shall we [verb]? verb stem + ましょうか。 m a s h o u k a mashouk a ka What time shall we meet? なんじに あいましょうか。 n a n j i n i a i m a s h o u k a Let s meet at 6 o clock. 6じに あいましょう。 roku ji ni ai mashou ka
  5. 5. Drill 1 :「∼ませんか」/「∼ましょう」の れんしゅう 例(れい):コーヒーを のみます。 → コーヒーを のみませんか。              ええ、のみましょう。 rei koohii o nomimasu. koohii o nomimasenka. ee, nomi mashou. 「 ∼ masenka 」 / 「 ∼ mashou 」 no renshuu
  6. 6. Drill 1 :「∼ませんか」/「∼ましょう」の れんしゅう 「 ∼ masenka 」 / 「 ∼ mashou 」 no renshuu
  7. 7. A : (your partner)さん、いっしょに コーヒーを のみませんか。 B:いいですね。どこで のみましょうか。 A:ドトール*は どうですか。 B:いいですよ。なんじに どこで あいましょうか。 A:ごぜん8じに ドトールの まえで あいましょう。 B:わかりました。 Drill 2 : Let s go out to . . . san   issyo ni koohii wo nomima sen ka. dotooru wa dou desuka. ii desu ne. dokode nomima shouka. ii desuyo. nanji ni doko de ai ma shouka. EX. gozen 8-ji ni dotooru no mae de ai ma shou. wakari mashita. *Dotooru [Dotor] is a nationwide chain coffee shop in Japan just like the Starbucks in the U.S. in front of Dotor AM
  8. 8. platform of the Shinjuku Station in front of the company at the *ticket gate of the station in front of the Denny s ( 1 ) ( 2 ) ( 3 ) ( 4 ) (* ticket gate =かいさつ/kaisatsu) Denny s PM PM PM PM

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