Lesson2 / Grammar notes ownership

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This slideshow shows how to tell and ask an ownership of objects.

This slideshow shows how to tell and ask an ownership of objects.

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  • 1. Lesson 2Grammar Notes
  • 2. 1. Telling the ownership of thingsX は Y の Z です wa no desu In Lesson 1 we ve learned the basic noun sentences like X は Y の Z です as wa no desu (subject X)am/is(person Z)of(company/party Y) to tell what company or party a person belongs to. In Lesson 2 we learn how to tell the ownership of things as below : これは person の thing です。 kore wa no desu This is person s thing.これは スミスさんの けいたいです。 This is Smith s cell phone.kore wa sumisu-san no keitai desuこれは たかはしさんの でんわばんごうです。 This is Mr. Takahashi s phone number.kore wa takahashi-san no denwa bangou desu
  • 3. 2. Asking Who Something Belongs To X は だれの Z ですか wa dare no desuka We now learn how to ask who something belongs to. The question word for who is だれ and for whose we simply add the particle の . dare no これは だれ の thing ですか。 kore wa dare no desu Whose thing is this?Q: これは だれの けいたいですか。 Whose cell phone is this? kore wa dareno keitai desu kaA: スミスさんの けいたいです。 (This is) Mr. Smith s cell phone. sumisu-san no keitai desuQ: これは だれの でんわばんごうですか。 Whose phone number is this? kore wa dare no denwa bangou desu kaA: たかはしさんの でんわばんごうです。 (This is) Mr. Takahashi s phone number. takahashi-san no denwa bangou desu
  • 4. 3. Short Answer for Who Something Belongs To (X は) Yの (Z) です wa no desu You don t have to repeat a thing in a answer for who something belongs to. Once the thing is stated in the question then の represents it in its answer. no Q: これは だれ の thing ですか。 kore wa dare no desuka Whose thing is this? Short A: person の (thing) です。 no desu (This is) person s (thing).Q: これは だれの けいたい ですか。 Whose cell phone is this? kore wa dareno keitai desu ka Short A: スミスさんの です。 (This is) Mr. Smith s (cell phone). sumisu-san no desuQ: これは だれの でんわばんごう ですか。 Whose phone number is this? kore wa dare no denwa bangou desu ka Short A: たかはしさんの です。 (This is) Mr. Takahashi s (phone number). takahashi-san no desu