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JBP-1/Lesson 4 grammar

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This slideshow is about "telling and asking prices" in Japanese.

This slideshow is about "telling and asking prices" in Japanese.

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  • 1. Lesson 4 Grammar Notes
  • 2. Whereas English has only “this” and “that”, Japanese has three separate demonstrative pronouns: これ(kore), それ(sore), and あれ(are). これ/kore (see ① above) indicates something near the speaker. それ/sore (see ② above) something near the listener. あれ/are (see ③ above) something not near either person. これ/kore, それ/sore, and あれ/are Demonstrative Pronouns
  • 3. Telling Prices 1 Name of a thing は ∼えん です “これ(kore), それ(sore), and あれ(are)” are demonstrative pronouns for things. “は(wa)” is a particle used to indicate the topic of a sentence. “です(desu)” is the predicate of an affirmative sentence. wa en desu これ/それ/あれ は です kore sore are wa en desu or Prices in Japan we use えん/en as the Japan s currency which comes after the number. ∼えん デジカメ は 10,000えん です 。 。 dejikame wa ichiman en desu 。 The digital camera is 10,000 yen. それ は 8,000えん です sore wa hassen en desu 。 That is 8,000 yen.
  • 4. Telling Prices 2 Name of a thing 1 は ∼えん です “も(mo)” is a particle that indicates that that item, too, has the given property. wa en desu これ/それ/あれ は です kore sore are wa en desu or ∼えん デジカメ は 10,000えん です 。 。 dejikame wa ichiman en desu 。 The digital camera is 10,000 yen. The radio is 10,000 yen, too. それ は 8,000えん です sore wa hassen en desu 。 That is 8,000 yen. This is 8,000 yen, too. Name of a thing 2 も ∼えん です mo en desu 。 これ/それ/あれ です kore sore are mo en desu ∼えん 。も ラジオ も 10,000えん です rajio mo ichiman en desu 。 これ 8,000えん です kore wa hassen en desu 。も
  • 5. Asking Prices 1 The predicate of an affirmative sentence “です/desu” plus a particle “か/ka” makes the sentence question. However, this question sentence is a “yes/no” question, thus the answer will be either “はい(hai)” or “いいえ(iie)”. Name of a thing は ∼えん ですか wa en desuka これ/それ/あれ は kore sore are wa en desuka or ∼えん 。 ですか 。 デジカメ は 10,000えん ですか dejikame wa ichiman en desuka 。 Is the digital camera 10,000 yen? それ は 8,000えん ですか sore wa hassen en desuka 。 Is that 8,000 yen? Q : A : はい 、10,000えん です 。(        ) hai ichiman en desu Yes, it is (10,000 yen). Q : A : はい 、8,000えん です 。(        ) hai hassen en desu Yes, it is (8,000 yen).
  • 6. Asking Prices 2 Question sentences that ask prices may also contain a question word “いくら (ikura)” means “how much”. Then answers should tell each particular price. Name of a thing は いくら ですか wa ikura desuka これ/それ/あれ は kore sore are wa ikura desuka or いくら 。 ですか 。 デジカメ は いくら ですか dejikame wa ikura desuka 。 How much is the digital camera?Q : それ は ですか sore wa ikura desuka 。 How much is that? A : 10,000えん です 。(     ) dejikame wa ichiman en desu It’s 10,000 yen. Q : A : 8,000えん です 。(    ) sore wa hassen en desu It’s 8,000 yen. デジカメ は いくら それ は