flexiblepartner internationalminded creativeengineeringstructural engineering • civil engineering • architectural engineeringgeotechnics • building services • construction management • cost management
the netherlands Arnhemsestraatweg 358 Velp P.O. Box 82 6800 AB Arnhem The Netherlands phone +31 (0)26 368 31 11the netherlands Delftechpark 12 P.O. Box 458 2600 AL Delft The Netherlands phone +31 (0)15 270 36 11belgium Kammenstraat 18 2000 Antwerpen Belgium phone +32 (0)3 205 37 11 www.abt.eu firstname.lastname@example.org
Co mpa n y p r o f i l e Every architect has a vision to match the challen- partments we constantly try to push out the limits ges of the client’s ambition. However great the of today’s engineering, going for the maximum complexity and merit of the design, the engineers achievable. For numerous prestigious projects, and consultants at ABT provide the technical sup- our 250 staff, located in the three offices (Arn- port to make it possible and have done so for hem, Delft and Antwerp) succeeded in giving over 50 years. With a yearly turnover of 24 million integral solutions to translate the architectural Euro, ABT has five mainstream disciplines: Struc- concept into a workable and, above all, feasible tural, civil and architectural engineering, building reality. This is why more and more international services and construction management. Through architects choose ABT to be their partner, for the technical innovation within these consultancy de- design, as well as during construction. “Flexibility lies in the ability to match individual efforts into a coordinated design”
Co ns u ltan c y se r v i c es St r uct ur al & civil engineering With our knowledge, supported by highly sophisticated technology, we design structures to meet any type of building. Our geophysical and geohydrological engineers specialize in complex foundations and subterranean building struc- tures. By using 3D models, based on principles like displacement analysis and generative design, we match stability with form and feasibility. Ar chi t ect ural engineering & service s Apart from being the reliable and versatile back-up in resolving technical de- tailing of architectural design, including checks on conformance with building regulations, this department facilitates the development of complete 3D mod- eling (BIM): The virtual building in which the structural, civil, mechanical and electrical designs are simultaneously incorporated into the architecture. Cons t r uct ion management service s The core business of this department is project management and site manage- ment. The consultancy disciplines reach from full representation of the client, down to permanent quantity survey and quality control on site. Other services are building cost estimation, writing technical specifications, managing tender processes and second opinion technical inspections of building damages.
“The relevance of design lies in unlimiting the future”
P ro j ect s projects
L a Llo tja d e L l e i d a Lleida, Spain The futuristic design of this com- trusses in two directions, enable bined theatre and conference a spacious architectural concept building, made by Mecanoo Archi- with a clear structural organisa- tects and ABT, won the competi- tion. It allows an unobstructed tion because of its lightness. This is view on the events and from the accomplished by the 15 metre can- foyer, into the landscape. Under- tilevering floors on all four sides of neath the building is a two-storey the building. It contains 2 congress underground carpark. Above, on halls, with 200 and 400 seats, as the ground floor, is a large piazza, well as a main auditory with 1,000 with the theatre entrance. Oppo- seats and is situated at the banks site the building, the piazza trans- of the river Segre, near the rail- forms into an amphitheatre. Un- way station. Back-bone structures, derneath the grandstand is a small comprising of structural walls and office building.
M us e u m a a n d e S t r o o m Antwerp, Belgium In the hart of the city, immediately spirals around the building, until next to the historical centre of Ant- it ends at the roof terrace. The werp, on a little island in the old exposition area is completely free port, lies the new, 60 metres high, of supporting elements. To make city museum. In 1999 the competi- this possible, the ABT engineers tion for the design of this building, designed a structural concrete an accommodation for six smaller back-bone, combined with large museums in the city, was won by steel trusses, which carry the floor Neutelings Riedijk Architects Rot- slabs, like a milk-maid the yoke. terdam, in combination with ABT. Not only are the visitors invited to The six separate museums are sit- enjoy the exposition without any uated in 10 “boxes”. The boxes, structural obstruction, but they each 6 metres high, are spirally are also presented with a marvel- stacked onto each other and seam lous view over the historical city. to be “carried” by a continuous Seen from the city by night, the gallery of undulated glass, which boxes seem to float in the air.
projects World E x p o 2 0 0 0 Hannover, Germany Water + island Steel structure Main exhibition area Forest area Forest area Load-bearing trees) (load-bearing trees Exhibition and services Agricultural area Dunes (made with concrete) Cellar (ofﬁces, etc)Completion: 2000 The dutch pavilion for the Expo in reflected in the design of the su-Construction cost: € 10,8 million Hannover expresses itself by piling perstructure. The dunes are formedGross floor area: 7.500 m 2ABT engineering service: Structure; arch. engineering typical aspects of the Dutch land- in a combination of in situ sprayedClient: Sticht. Nld. Wereldtentoonstellingen scape on top of each other, mak- and cast concrete, supported byArchitect: MVRDVStructural engineer: ABT ing it into a multi-storey landscape. diagonal columns. The forest sup-Building services: TMS The visitor is taken through the ports the floors above, by the useConstruction management: PRC dunes, the forest, along the lakes of tree trunks for columns. They and finally through the green- are placed between the living houses. Even the modern windmills trees and bushes of the forest. The can be found on the top floor. The greenhouse is surrounded by a (de- differentiation in environment, is mountable) space frame.
M onte vi d e o Rotterdam, The Netherlands Montevideo refers to the vertical balconies and loggias form a city. The building is a composi- rhythmic pattern. In section the tion of intersecting volumes, one building is reminiscent of an ocean of which is cantilevered over the steamer or cruise ship: different quayside. The construction, desig- ‘classes’ have different floor plans ned by ABT, is hybrid. The two and storey heights, and alongside lower levels are in steel (America), apartments (cabins) there are res- followed by a concrete structure taurants, offices, guest suites, a (Holland) up to a height of 90 swimming pool, gym and sauna. meters and then steel again up Mecanoo and ABT won the com- to a height of 140 meters. The petition for the building in 2002. construction offers a maximum of The design also received multiple flexibility in floor layouts, thus ac- awards, like the “International commodating a variable use of the Highrise Award 2006” and the building. Different storey heights, “Dedallo Minosse 2006”.
projectsCompletion: 2005Construction cost: € 68 millionGross floor area: 57.500 m 2ABT engineering service: Structural designClient: ING Real EstateArchitect: MecanooStructural engineer: ABTBuilding services: Schreuder Group
ArtE Z Ins t i t u t e o f A rts Arnhem, The Netherlands The Faculty Dance and Theatre of ranean extension to the original the Institute of Arts is housed in building. ABT structural and geo- the “Rietveld Building”, a school physical engineers had to resolve designed by the famous Dutch ar- the construction of a 42 x 97 me- chitect Gerrit Rietveld in the early ters “basement”, with a depth of 60’s. It needed a considerable ex- 14 metres, between the banks of tension of its facilities. The mon- the river Rhine and the foot of a umental setting of the Rietveld glacial moraine. A combination building, as pavilion in a park, of diaphragm retaining walls and however, should remain undis- a basement floor in under water turbed. To meet this challenge the concrete, made it possible to con- new accommodation, designed by struct the first subterranean school Hubert-Jan Henket Architects and building in the Netherlands. The ABT, was developed as a subter- project was completed in 2004.
projectsCompletion: 2004Construction cost: € 15 millionGross floor area: 5500 m 2ABT engineering service: Stucture and geotechnicsClient: Institute of the Arts (HKA)Architect: Bierman Henket architectenStructural engineer: ABTBuilding services: DeernsConstruction management: Reijnders Projectmanagement
projects Bridge a c r o ss t h e I Jssel Zwolle, The NetherlandsCompletion: 2011 ProRail, the Dutch railway compa- laboration with SSF. The contractConstruction cost: € 60 million ny, issued a tender for the design with ProRail included a risk man-Total length: 930 mABT engineering service: Structure; geotechnics; SE and construction of a new bridge agement by System Engineering. AClient: ProRail over the river IJssel. The competi- process in which the constructionArchitect: Quist WintermansStructural engineer: ABT; SSF tion was won by the combination is checked and verified from theTechnical services: Cofely Welling/Züblin and Max Bögl, with initial design specification, all theConstruction management: ABT a design by Quist Wintermans. The way through to design, production bridge measures a length of 960 of elements and finally assembly of metres and its largest free span is the construction on site. A close 150 metres. The structural design quality management was inevita- for construction was made by ABT ble. These services were performed structural and civil engineers in col- by ABT construction management.
Cen tre f o r Life S c i e n c e s Groningen, The Netherlands The design competition for this This appearance is enforced by 34.000 m 2 building for the facul- the green reptile-like skin around ty of Mathematics and Physics, the impressive steel structure with was won by Rudy Uytenhaak Ar- its leg-like columns underneath chitects and ABT structural engi- the bridge. As the building, after neers. It houses a complex pro- two and a half years of construc- gram of offices, laboratories, tion, had not progressed further lecture rooms, open study spaces than about 40 % of its comple- and several highly specialized re- tion, ABT project management search facilities. The shape of the was asked to take over, in order building gives the impression of to get the project back on coarse a large lizard, emerging from the again. Within the following one earth, swinging itself up and div- and a half years, the remaining ing back into the ground again. 60% were completed.
projectsCompletion: 2010Construction cost: € 69,5 millionGross floor area: 45.000 m 2ABT engineering service: Cost management; structural design; construction managementClient: University of GroningenArchitect: Rudy UytenhaakStructural engineer: Wassenaar; ABTBuilding services: Royal HaskoningConstruction management: ABT; AT Osborne
D e ltio n C o l l e g e Zwolle, The Netherlands The Deltion College emerged out gressed to 35% of its volume in of a fusion between 5 schools April 2007 and the potential de- for the lower and middle level of lay had gone up to one and a half professional education. At this years. The project administration moment 16.000 students are showed a total of outstanding trained. In order to accommodate claims of about 10% of the build- this, a new complex was built, ing costs. ABT was asked to take reflecting this diversity of career over responsibility for the project choices. The arrangement of dif- and was given a full mandate to ferent shaped and coloured build- do so. ABT managed to hand over ings, connected by an atrium-like the building in two phases (March boulevard, stretches itself over a and October 2008), with a total length of nearly half a kilometre delay of 10 weeks. Just in time to and has a gross area of 105.000 start the next school year 2008- m 2. After the start of construc- 2009 as planned. The claims were tion in January 2006, the realisa- brought back to 30% of the origi- tion of the complex had only pro- nal amount.
projects W orld E x p o 2 0 1 0 Shanghai, ChinaCompletion: 2010 The shape of the Dutch pavilion, the fields of sustainability, environ-Construction cost: € 8,5 million known as “Happy Street”, reflects ment and urban development. TheGross floor area: 5.000 m 2ABT engineering service: Structure; project management; the figure eight - a lucky number, whole structure is made of steel, buiding services; building physics suggesting good fortune, in the constructed on site and appearingClient: Happy Street bvArchitect: John Körmeling Chinese culture. It mainly compris- to be a roller coaster. The contribu-Structural engineer: Rijk Blok; ABT es of a 400 meter winding pedes- tion of ABT concerned architecturalBuilding services: ABTConstruction management: RGD trian street, supported by columns, engineering and structural design with 26 small houses cantilevering as well as engineering of building on both sides. Each house being services, in close cooperation with a mini pavilion, celebrating Dutch John Körmeling and Rijk Blok. After innovation in the use of space, the design phase, the project was energy and water. Happy Street deputed to Chinese consultants of shows Dutch progressiveness in the Tongji University.
EYE Film I n st i t u t e Amsterdam, The Netherlands The Eye Film Institute represents of the building, houses four cin- the identity of the dutch film cul- ema’s, exhibition area’s, various ture and is a landmark in the city meeting rooms and utility facili- of Amsterdam. The eye-catching ties. The cantilevers are formed design is emphasized by the two by steel trusses on a concrete sub- large cantilevering volumes on structure. The irregular shape of both sides of a central arena. The the building necessitated the use foyer offers a fantastic panoramic of advanced structural calculation view over the water and Amster- techniques for both structural and dam. The complex folding shape geotechnical engineering.
projectsCompletion: 2011Construction cost: € 25 millionGross floor area: 8.500 m 2ABT engineering service: Structural designClient: ING Real EstateArchitect: Delugan Meissl; Bureau v. BouwkundeStructural engineer: ABTBuilding services: ULC GroepConstruction Management: ING Real Estate
Rabobank hea d q u a r t e rs Utrecht, The Netherlands The Rabobank Headquarters, de- ture of this impressive building. signed by Kraaijevanger Urbis Ar- Cutting back four slabs, every four chitects, comprises of two towers, floors, results in an arrangement connected together by a skin of of 4-storey voids that allow day- glass spanning around the entire light to flood through the build- structure. Two elliptical concrete ing. The towers emerge from ‘The cores with a height of approxi- Plaza,’ on top of the base of the mately 105 m each and 18 meter building, accommodating various free spanning floor slabs in be- secondary facilities such as main tween, make out the superstruc- entrance, lobby, catering, etc.
projectsBetween the towers and the adja- foundation of the towers, compris-cent existing buildings, a 5 storey, ing of a combination of a load bear-split level underground carpark was ing slab and precast piles, as wellintegrated. ABT signed responsible as the use of air-filled plastic balls,for designing the total load-bearing between - and tied to the reinforc-structure, as well as the engineer- ing steel, to reduce the weight anding of the glazed facade. Several increase the stiffness of the floor-new technologies were developed slabs. The glass in the elevation isto optimize the concrete structure supported by steel trusses, curved,of the building. For instance the to follow the buildings shape.
“Every project is different and so is every solution”
E ngi n e er i n g engineering
engineeringGe ne ra t i v e d e si g n Algorithms to design new structures During the last decade, generative design custom scripts for each project. For the has grown to be an ever more popular de- OpenFort400 competition for a residen- sign tool in architecture. It allows archi- tial building on the banks of the IJ in Am- tects to design complex geometries, mak- sterdam, ABT collaborated with Elastik & ing use of a set of (ideally simple) rules. MAT Studio. They won the competition ABT is now able to incorporate structur- with their “Open Frame” design, in which al knowledge into these rules by linking the Vierendeel structure for the large span structural engineering software to the on the lake side was designed by using script. This provides live information about a script based on evolutionary structural forces and deformations of the structure. optimization which minimizes the amount With this knowledge, a broad range of columns of the Vierendeel and thus maxi- structures can be optimized by creating mizes the view on the lake.
engineeringGla s s s tr u c t u r e s Maximum transparent engineering ABT engineers are well known for their ex- building. The stability was provided by the perience in the design of structural glass. combination of glass roof panels, together Numerous load-bearing glass structures, with the glass panels in the four walls. The roofs, staircases and facades were de- roof panels are supported by trusses, com- signed and with the industry developed prising of small steel girders, strengthened into impressive realities. A recent exam- by tension cables and solid glass rods for ple is the glass cube ‘Raaks.’ ABT devel- compression forces. These slender glass oped the complete structural glazing con- rods are a true innovation in making glass struction for this spectacular, transparent structures.
engineeringPr o to typ e d e v e l o p men t Exploring new possibilities Unique structures ask for unique solu- tions. Which means that existing solutions might not meet the designers require- ments. ABT engineers develop new prod- ucts and structures, fully customized for a single project. Prototypes can be made for testing in our lab, or just for evaluation of the new design. One example is the ‘Glass Arch’, developed in order to achieve maxi- mum transparency in barrel-vaulted glass roofs. Thanks to advanced computer aid- ed simulation, we were able to eliminate as much steel as possible. This led to a structure with small connections, fully in- tegrated into the glass, as well as clear, transparent joint fillers. In order to vali- date our models we build a full-scale pro- totype. Not only did this prove the calcula- tion models to be correct, it also showed the structure’s amazing transparency.
engineeringGe ote ch n i c a l e n g i n eeri n g Engineering suitable foundations Geotechnical engineering brings together ABT engineers are a recognized author- the knowledge about geophysical behav- ity in this particular field of engineering. iour of soil and the technology of building Their understanding of the necessity to construction, the combination of which achieve an integration of sub- and super- makes out the design of all possible struc- structure, has turned many architectural tures, above and under ground. experiments, into achievable realities.
engineeringWin d tu r b i n e f o u nd ati o n s Tall solutions for a green future Since 1984, ABT has been consultant on a strong physical, as well as solid finan- circa 70% of all wind energy projects in cial foundation. This integral approach is the Netherlands, as well as numerous oth- supported by an in-depth knowledge of er projects worldwide. This gives a vast ex- infrastructure, quality supervision and perience in the design and construction of installations. Clients receive a complete wind turbine foundations and masts. The package of services, from feasibility study structural and geotechnical aspects are to project hand-over and commissioning, fully integrated into the design, creating customized for their needs.
engineeringFin ite e l e m e n t m o del i n g Advanced calculations for optimum results Advanced calculation models are used to simulate the effects of structural loads and geotechnical interventions on the en- vironment. These calculation models are generally 3-dimensional, to give as close an approach to reality as possible. The programs used can handle calculations involving non-linear loads, elasticity and materials. This enables prognoses on pos- sible deformations and assessments on the safety of the envisaged structure. The Diana (Displacement Analysis) program is used for structural calculations and Plaxis for geotechnical calculations. ABT contrib- utes to the ongoing development of both programs. By use of this complex type of modelling it is possible to simulate hybrid constructions, in order to optimize the design and thus considerably reduce the costs of the construction.
engineeringInd u s tria l f l o o r s Engineering world´s largest slabs The right choice of flooring for automated perfect product by specifying construction warehouses, or industrial purposes, is es- guidelines, supervising the construction sential for any efficient commercial opera- process and monitoring the flatness by us- tion. All floors are different and need to ing specialized measuring equipment. be individually designed. The design of in- As an expert second opinion consultant dustrial floors is one of the specialities of in the event of damage, ABT performs the civil engineering discipline. The inte- a cause analysis, advises on how to ap- gral design of the slab itself, as well as the proach damage control or the necessary substructure underneath, usually results in repair and also prepares the associated considerable cost savings. ABT ensures a cost calculation.
engineeringCons tru c t i o n m a n ag emen t Strategies for a better collaboration Construction management at ABT covers The value of this department lies in the damage inspectors to report to clients or many fields of consultancy: Project and depth of her knowledge. Our project insurance companies. tender management, site supervision and managers not only lead many ambitious Tender management has become a major quality survey, cost estimation and quan- projects to completion, giving content to part in project management. Led by the tity survey, building specification. They the relationship “ambition, feasibility and vast amount of judicial disputes, between can be consulted separately, or be melted makeability”. They are also asked to re- clients and contractors, ABT developed together in various combinations to meet organize and restructure realization proc- an alternative tender methodology, fit- specific requirements. The synergy of the esses that are completely derailed. These ting within the rigid framework of Eu- combined knowledge of this department processes are ruled by the principle of ropean regulations. This tender process however, is always present as back-up. “the inverted T”. An organisation model concentrates on coaching the bidders to in which all information is led and man- a complete offer, that comprise of a price “We cannot solve the problems aged along two lines: The operational line (40%), an integral construction planning using the same thinking we used and the strategic line. Both meet at - and combined with a method statement (also when we created them” are controlled by the project manager. 40%) and finally a risk analysis with an Our estimators are used to develop strate- overview of envisaged remedial measure- gic investment budgets, on the basis of a ments (20%). In the process the bidders supervisory board global client scope. They also prepare “life are taken through the three elementary cycle cost” prognoses and assist the cli- questions to be resolved: What is it, how strategy ent by calculating long-term maintenance much is it and how is it built. Each of the steering committee budgets. three stages is closed with a half day in- Our quality inspectors are capable of test- formation session per team. The result is a architect + project- contractors ing complicated structures, using advanced contract in which both client and contrac-consultants management technical knowledge and equipment. They tor have the same level of understanding operations are also often required as second-opinion about the quality and complexity. `inverted T`
“Managing the evolution of building information”
Building Information Modeling building information modeling
building information modelingB IM: Co l l abor a t iv e de sig n Real-time data in a single model 6 years ago, ABT, together with selected BIM has grown to an imperative tool to de- partners in the building industry, started velop complicated integral designs. In the off with the development of BIM as a 3D real-time data base, the project engineers, design platform for all building design re- generate a 3D model, in which all involved lated engineering disciplines. Since then, disciplines work at the same time. elevations structural plans 3D structural views legends for several objects sections legends for doors, windows, etc.
building information modelingT he ad van t a ge s of BIM Advanced simulating techniques The advantages of BIM are overwhelm- ported tenders on to the market, enables continuous process, the building informa- ing. Not only can clashes between archi- the bidders to fully comprehend the fabric tion grows. Changes and revisions are in- tectural shape, function, construction and of the project in all its complexity during tegrated, even during realisation up to the installation of the building be recognised the bidding and therefore enhances the final hand-over. The complete package is and repaired immediately, but also is the completeness of the offer. Thus BIM con- then transferred to the client and will be client constantly presented with a com- siderably reduces the risks of loss of in- used as a building management tool. This plete model, including cost calculation formation on all levels. From communica- continuation of information during the and planning and thus able to precisely tion between design disciplines, through entire life span of a project, from concep- weigh and adapt the consequences and understanding of the client, to contract- tion through to use and finally demolition, results of his investment. Issuing BIM-sup- ing the construction on the market. In a is the great gift of this innovation. feasibility design construction first use operational renovation study BIM process refresh loss of drawings for data renovation traditional facility management database traditional procurement design & construction operational phase (1-5 years) (20+ years) eastman, 2008
B IM • Man a ging c om ple xi ty
building information modelingGroninger Forum Groningen, The NetherlandsABT engineering service: Structural design; arch. engineeringClient: Municipality of GroningenArchitect: NL Architects; ABTStructural engineer: ABTBuilding services: Huisman & Van Muijen