TITLE: Dental caries prevalence in rural school children of district, Sirsa.NAME: Dr Muhamad Abu-HusseinAim: The present study was conducted in an attempt to throw some light on the prevalenceof dental caries in rural school children of district Sirsa.Methodology: A total of 890 children (466 boys & 424 girls) in the age groups of 7-9 & 10-12years were examined on an ordinary chair in daylight facing away from sunlight using WHO(1997) criteria.Results: Results show high caries prevalence with a total of 73.1% in the rural children ofdistrict Sirsa. Boys showed a prevalence of 66.9% whereas girls showed a prevalence of79.9%.Discussion: The high caries prevalence reflects on the poor oral hygiene, lack of awareness &importance of oral health to general health. Because dental caries is a continous andcumulative process, higher DMFT+ deft in the age group of 10-12 yrs appears to be due toincreased exposure of the susceptible tooth to poor oral hygiene conditions.Summary & Conclusion: Dental caries is a worldwide problem associated with plaque, micro-organisms and the intake of refined carbohydrates. Dental caries, if remains unattended &untreated, the percentage is likely to increase in future. This evaluation of def & DMF showsthat immediate steps should be taken to decrease the incidence of caries in primary as wellas permanent dentitions.TITLE: Knowledge of First-Aid measures of Avulsion and Replantation of teeth in Nablusdistrict parents- A SurveyName: Dr.V. Abu-Hussein Muhamad
Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge level of emergency measuresfor tooth avulsion among Nablus district Parents. Subjects and Methods: 100 parents completed an local(Arabic) language questionnaireabout their first-aid knowledge. The following fields of knowledge were assessed: generalbody injury treatment principles, tooth avulsion and replantation principles, avulsedpermanent/primary teeth, cleaning of an avulsed tooth before replantation, extra-alveolartime and storage media. For each category, a score ranging from 0 to 3 was possible.Results: The mean age group of 34.57±6.62 years were participated in the study. Experienceof first-aid information or training was seen in 8% except for dental injuries, which had notbeen included in such first-aid information. Knowledge was demonstrated in 89% about firstaid of minor body injuries, yet the knowledge of how to manage avulsed teeth was poor, as12% of the parents had knowledge of how to manage an avulsed tooth in the specificmodes of treatment measured. Discussion: Questionnaires are good for screening provided they are carefully designed. Forthis study, a standardized questionnaire was used to check the level of knowledge. very fewinquiries were made, indicating that the questions and design of the questionnaire wereappropriate. study has been recorded by using a scoring system for studying the level ofknowledge for dental trauma as done by Qumasha Al-Jame et al. The finding of results is inaccordance with other studies of parental knowledge performed in Kuwaiti, Nigeria andSingapore.Conclussion: Within the limitations of the study, First-aid knowledge in Nablus districtparents is lacking for avulsion and replantation of teeth despite a high level of knowledge ofhow to manage simple body injuries. Knowledge of first-aid measures regarding avulsion andreplantation of teeth should be increased by intervention programs.