The 13 colonies
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The 13 colonies






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  • wow you r so wrong even i know all the original 13 colonies and im only 13 you need to go back to school lady cuz you are ovisly dummer then a 2 year old.
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  • wow really you must be pretty dum not all of that is right and i am a kid i am 13 and know all of the original colonies apparently you dont.
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The 13 colonies The 13 colonies Presentation Transcript

  • The colonies
  • Geography
    All 13 lay between Appalachian Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean
    Divided into 3 regions: the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies
  • The Three Regions
    New England
    Middle Colonies
    Southern Colonies
  • New England Colonies
  • The Big Picture…
    While Pilgrims are settling in Plymouth, Puritans were growing in England
    Puritans: group of English Protestants that felt the Church of England followed Roman Catholicism to closely
    Thrown into jail because of their beliefs
    Some Puritans decided to leave England to practice religion in peace
  • The Big Picture…
    Group of wealthy Puritans formed Massachusetts Bay Company
    King Charles I gave them a charter
    1630: Set sail
    Settled in a part of New England, called Massachusetts Bay
    Now known as Massachusetts
  • Puritans Vs. Pilgrims
  • John Winthrop
    Leader of the Puritans
    Successful lawyer
    Led Puritans to Massachusetts Bay
    First settlement named Boston
    Elected first governor by Puritan men
  • Geography of New England
    Rocky soil
    Made farming difficult
    Supplied wood for building homes, fences, tools
    Provided fish, transportation
    Ocean Ports
  • Economy
    Made living from forest and sea
    Most lived in villages where everyone could work together as a community, not on farms
  • New England Culture
    Subsistence Farming
    Timber and Ship Building Supplies (Rope, Masts, Tar)
    Dried Fish
    Rum and other Manufactured Trade Goods
    Puritans and Pilgrims who believed in working hard and following strict rules.
    Merchants, Manufacturers, and Lawyers.
  • “A City upon a hill”
    Wanted to be example for all the world
    Population grew from 700 to 20,000 in 10 yrs
    Males, “free man” signed a covenant
    Covenant: special promise or agreement
    Promised his family would live by the rules of the Puritan church
    Remember: Not freedom of religion, freedom to practice their religion
  • Puritans
    Believed success was a result of their belief of God and the Bible
    Believed in hard work
    Rich and poor worked regardless
    Built villages according to plan
  • Patriarchy
    Authoritarian male father figures controlled each household
    Patriarchal ministers
    controlled the church
    congregation and
    household patriarchs
  • Activities Banned by the Puritans:
    Horse Racing, cock-fighting and bear baiting
    Any gathering of people without permission
    Drunkenness and swearing
    Theatre-going, dancing and singing
    Games and sports on Sundays (including going for a walk)
    Many public houses were closed down.
  • New England Coin
  • RogerWilliams
  • Rhode Island
    Roger Williams founded the settlement of Providence in what is now Rhode Island
    First European colony in the Americas to allow freedom of religion
  • Anne Hutchinson
    Believed they should pray directly to God
    Also brought to trial and exiled
    Traveled South, founded Portsmouth in Rhode Island
    Becomes known as the “Sewer” because it is seen by the Puritans as a dumping ground for unbelievers and religious dissenters  More liberal than any other colony!
  • AnneHutchinson
  • Characteristics of New England Settlements
    Low mortality  average life expectancy was 70 years of age.
    Many extended families.
    Average 6 children per family.
    Average age at marriage:
    • Women – 22 years old
    • Men – 27 years old.
  • Summary Questions
    1. Why did the Puritans come to North America?
    2. Where did they settle?
    3. What was the geography of New England like?
    4. How did most in New England earn money?
    5. Why were Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson brought to trial?
  • The Middle Colonies
    The word was out. All over Europe, people were reading William Penn’s advertisements for a colony called Pennsylvania. Here was a place were “the Air is sweet and clear,” the ads said. Who was William Penn? Could his promise really be believed?
  • William Penn
    1681 King Charles II granted land in Middle Colonies to William Penn
    A Quaker hoping to practice his religion in freedom
    Came to North America with about 100 others
    Named area Pennsylvania (Penn’s Woods)
    Settlement named Philadelphia (means “city of brotherly love” in Greek)
  • WilliamPenn
  • Quakers
    Called themselves the ‘Society of Friends’
    Believed that in order to know God, they had only to listen to His voice in their heart
    No need for ministers
    “Be plain in clothes, furniture, and food”:
    Believed people should be treated fairly
    Against slavery, harsh treatment of N.A.
    Paid N.A.’s for land, causing peace between them that lasted many years
  • Many different people
    Scott – Irish
    Africans were not treated equally
    Many were enslaved
    German (Pennsylvania Dutch)
    Built the first Conestoga Wagons
    Brought a wide variety of skills and trades
    Blending of people of different cultures
  • Middle Colonies Culture
    Called the Bread Basket Colonies
    Farmed Wheat, Oat, Barley and Rye.
    Made homespun products.
    Traded very little.
    People from: England, the Netherlands, France, Germany and others.
    Puritans, Quakers, Anglicans, Catholics, and Jews.
  • Summary questions
    Who founded the Pennsylvania Colony?
    What was the Geography of the area like?
    How were the Middle Colonies different from the New England Colonies?
    What were the beliefs of the Quakers? What effects did they have on Penn’s colony?
  • Southern Colonies
  • The Big Picture
    Roman Catholics were also treated badly because of their religion
    King Charles I of England, gave a charter to start a new colony for Catholics
    Colony was named Maryland
  • Maryland
    Controlled by proprietors
    Proprietors: men who owned all the land and money
    Founded as a place where Catholics could practice their religion
  • Southern Colonies Grew to Include…
    North Carolina
    South Carolina
    1732: Georgia
    Wanted to protect Carolinas from Spanish
  • Georgia &General James Oglethorpe
    General James Oglethorpe: A wealthy English army general
    He Examined England's debtors and was shocked by numbers in prison
    Debtor: a person who owes money
    Claimed “England would grow rich with her poor abroad!”
  • Georgia
    Received a charter from King George II
    Named new colony Georgia, for King George II
    King George supported the plan for Georgia because it could protect the Carolinas from the Spanish and French
  • Geography
    Warm climate
    Rich farmland
    Clay along Appalachian foothills good for corn and tobacco
    Long growing season
    Lasts 7 months
    Grew rice and indigo on large farms
    Led to successful growing of cash crops
    Bays and rivers along the coast
    Helped to import and export goods
  • Southern ColoniesEnvironment & Culture
    Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains.
    Long growing season and fertile land.
    Warm for most of the year
    Farmed Tobacco, Rice, Indigo, and Cotton.
    Trade “cash crops” farmed on Plantations.
    Purchase manufactured goods.
  • The creek
    Area already provides farming land for many
    Had already formed a confederacy to protect their lands
    First colony of Georgia, Savannah, was located next to Creek village
    Oglethorpe was given a large piece of land
  • Yamacraw Creek Native Americans meet with the Trustee of the colony of Georgia in England, July 1734
  • African Americans in Georgia
    Oglethorpe did not allow slavery
    Colonists pretend to “rent” A.A.’s from South Carolina
    1750: Slavery is well established
    In 10 years 4x as much slavery
    1760: 10,000 people living in Georgia, 4,000 were slaves
  • Summary questions
    1. Why was Georgia founded? By whom?
    2. Why was Maryland founded?
    3. What was the role of A.A.’s in the South?
    4. Why did King George support the plan for the colony of Georgia?
    5. What was the main source of income for the people of the Southern colonies? Why?