The 13 colonies


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  • wow you r so wrong even i know all the original 13 colonies and im only 13 you need to go back to school lady cuz you are ovisly dummer then a 2 year old.
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  • wow really you must be pretty dum not all of that is right and i am a kid i am 13 and know all of the original colonies apparently you dont.
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The 13 colonies

  1. 1. The colonies<br />
  2. 2. Geography<br />All 13 lay between Appalachian Mountains and the Atlantic Ocean<br />Divided into 3 regions: the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies<br />
  3. 3. The Three Regions<br />New England<br />Middle Colonies<br />Southern Colonies<br />
  4. 4. New England Colonies<br />
  5. 5. The Big Picture…<br />While Pilgrims are settling in Plymouth, Puritans were growing in England<br />Puritans: group of English Protestants that felt the Church of England followed Roman Catholicism to closely<br />Thrown into jail because of their beliefs<br />Some Puritans decided to leave England to practice religion in peace<br />
  6. 6. The Big Picture…<br />Group of wealthy Puritans formed Massachusetts Bay Company<br />King Charles I gave them a charter<br />1630: Set sail<br />Settled in a part of New England, called Massachusetts Bay<br />Now known as Massachusetts<br />FOUNDED BY PURITANS LOOKING FOR RELIGIOUS FREEDOM<br />
  7. 7. Puritans Vs. Pilgrims<br />
  8. 8. John Winthrop<br />Leader of the Puritans<br />Successful lawyer<br />Led Puritans to Massachusetts Bay<br />First settlement named Boston<br />Elected first governor by Puritan men<br />
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  10. 10. Geography of New England<br />Hilly<br />Rocky soil<br />Made farming difficult<br />Forests<br />Supplied wood for building homes, fences, tools<br />Rivers<br />Provided fish, transportation<br />Ocean Ports<br />
  11. 11. Economy<br />Made living from forest and sea<br />Most lived in villages where everyone could work together as a community, not on farms<br />
  12. 12. New England Culture<br />PRODUCTS<br />Subsistence Farming <br />Timber and Ship Building Supplies (Rope, Masts, Tar)<br />Dried Fish<br />Rum and other Manufactured Trade Goods<br />PEOPLE<br />Puritans and Pilgrims who believed in working hard and following strict rules.<br />Merchants, Manufacturers, and Lawyers.<br />
  13. 13. “A City upon a hill”<br />Wanted to be example for all the world<br />Population grew from 700 to 20,000 in 10 yrs<br />Males, “free man” signed a covenant<br />Covenant: special promise or agreement<br />Promised his family would live by the rules of the Puritan church<br />Remember: Not freedom of religion, freedom to practice their religion<br />
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  16. 16. Puritans<br />Believed success was a result of their belief of God and the Bible<br />Believed in hard work<br />Rich and poor worked regardless<br />Built villages according to plan<br />
  17. 17. Patriarchy<br />Authoritarian male father figures controlled each household<br />Patriarchal ministers <br />controlled the church <br />congregation and<br /> household patriarchs<br />
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  21. 21. Activities Banned by the Puritans:<br />Horse Racing, cock-fighting and bear baiting<br />Any gathering of people without permission<br />Drunkenness and swearing<br />Theatre-going, dancing and singing<br />Games and sports on Sundays (including going for a walk)<br />Gambling<br />Many public houses were closed down.<br />
  22. 22. New England Coin<br />
  23. 23. RogerWilliams<br />
  24. 24. Rhode Island<br />Roger Williams founded the settlement of Providence in what is now Rhode Island<br />First European colony in the Americas to allow freedom of religion<br />
  25. 25. Anne Hutchinson<br />Believed they should pray directly to God<br />Also brought to trial and exiled<br />Traveled South, founded Portsmouth in Rhode Island<br />Becomes known as the “Sewer” because it is seen by the Puritans as a dumping ground for unbelievers and religious dissenters  More liberal than any other colony!<br />
  26. 26. AnneHutchinson<br />
  27. 27. Characteristics of New England Settlements<br />Low mortality  average life expectancy was 70 years of age.<br />Many extended families.<br />Average 6 children per family.<br />Average age at marriage:<br /><ul><li>Women – 22 years old
  28. 28. Men – 27 years old.</li></li></ul><li>Summary Questions<br />1. Why did the Puritans come to North America?<br />2. Where did they settle?<br />3. What was the geography of New England like?<br />4. How did most in New England earn money?<br />5. Why were Roger Williams and Anne Hutchinson brought to trial?<br />
  29. 29. The Middle Colonies<br />
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  31. 31. READ ALOUD<br />The word was out. All over Europe, people were reading William Penn’s advertisements for a colony called Pennsylvania. Here was a place were “the Air is sweet and clear,” the ads said. Who was William Penn? Could his promise really be believed?<br />
  32. 32. William Penn<br />1681 King Charles II granted land in Middle Colonies to William Penn<br />A Quaker hoping to practice his religion in freedom<br />Came to North America with about 100 others<br />Named area Pennsylvania (Penn’s Woods)<br /> Settlement named Philadelphia (means “city of brotherly love” in Greek)<br />
  33. 33. WilliamPenn<br />
  34. 34. Quakers<br />Called themselves the ‘Society of Friends’<br />Believed that in order to know God, they had only to listen to His voice in their heart<br />No need for ministers<br />“Be plain in clothes, furniture, and food”:<br />Believed people should be treated fairly<br />Against slavery, harsh treatment of N.A.<br />Paid N.A.’s for land, causing peace between them that lasted many years<br />
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  36. 36. Many different people<br />Jewish<br />Scott – Irish<br />Africans were not treated equally<br />Many were enslaved<br />German (Pennsylvania Dutch)<br />Built the first Conestoga Wagons<br />Brought a wide variety of skills and trades<br />Blending of people of different cultures<br />
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  38. 38. Middle Colonies Culture<br />PRODUCTS<br />Called the Bread Basket Colonies<br />Farmed Wheat, Oat, Barley and Rye.<br />Made homespun products.<br />Traded very little.<br />PEOPLE<br />People from: England, the Netherlands, France, Germany and others.<br />Puritans, Quakers, Anglicans, Catholics, and Jews.<br />
  39. 39. Summary questions<br />Who founded the Pennsylvania Colony?<br />What was the Geography of the area like?<br />How were the Middle Colonies different from the New England Colonies?<br />What were the beliefs of the Quakers? What effects did they have on Penn’s colony?<br />
  40. 40. Southern Colonies<br />
  41. 41. The Big Picture<br />Roman Catholics were also treated badly because of their religion<br />King Charles I of England, gave a charter to start a new colony for Catholics<br />Colony was named Maryland<br />
  42. 42. Maryland<br />Controlled by proprietors<br />Proprietors: men who owned all the land and money<br />Founded as a place where Catholics could practice their religion<br />
  43. 43. Southern Colonies Grew to Include…<br />North Carolina<br />South Carolina<br />1732: Georgia<br />Wanted to protect Carolinas from Spanish<br />
  44. 44. Georgia &General James Oglethorpe<br />General James Oglethorpe: A wealthy English army general<br />He Examined England's debtors and was shocked by numbers in prison<br />Debtor: a person who owes money<br />Claimed “England would grow rich with her poor abroad!”<br />
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  46. 46. Georgia<br />Received a charter from King George II<br />Named new colony Georgia, for King George II<br />King George supported the plan for Georgia because it could protect the Carolinas from the Spanish and French<br />
  47. 47. Geography<br />Warm climate<br />Rich farmland<br />Clay along Appalachian foothills good for corn and tobacco<br />Long growing season<br />Lasts 7 months<br />Grew rice and indigo on large farms<br />Led to successful growing of cash crops<br />Bays and rivers along the coast<br />Helped to import and export goods<br />
  48. 48. Southern ColoniesEnvironment & Culture<br />ENVIRONMENT<br />Atlantic and Gulf Coastal Plains.<br />Long growing season and fertile land.<br />Warm for most of the year<br />PRODUCTS<br />Farmed Tobacco, Rice, Indigo, and Cotton.<br />Trade “cash crops” farmed on Plantations.<br />Purchase manufactured goods.<br />
  49. 49. The creek<br />Area already provides farming land for many<br />Had already formed a confederacy to protect their lands<br />First colony of Georgia, Savannah, was located next to Creek village<br />Oglethorpe was given a large piece of land<br />
  50. 50. Yamacraw Creek Native Americans meet with the Trustee of the colony of Georgia in England, July 1734<br />
  51. 51. African Americans in Georgia<br />Oglethorpe did not allow slavery<br />Colonists pretend to “rent” A.A.’s from South Carolina<br />1750: Slavery is well established<br />In 10 years 4x as much slavery<br />1760: 10,000 people living in Georgia, 4,000 were slaves<br />
  52. 52. Summary questions<br />1. Why was Georgia founded? By whom?<br />2. Why was Maryland founded? <br />3. What was the role of A.A.’s in the South?<br />4. Why did King George support the plan for the colony of Georgia?<br />5. What was the main source of income for the people of the Southern colonies? Why?<br />