Heredity :- Heredity refers to those factors that were determined of Conception.
Physical structure, temperament, energy level, influenced by parents.
2 . Environment :- Our early conditioning the norms of family, value systems of the family.
3. Situation :- An individual personality, although generally stable does change in different situation. E.g. In a temple – one generally constrains many behaviors wherein in a picnic constraints are relatively few.
Myers Briggs Type Indicator
Most Famous Personality instrument in the world.
Source of energy
Extrovert v/s Introvert(E or I)
Sensing v/s Intuitive (S or N)
Thinking v/s Feeling (T or F)
Understanding the world
Judging v/s Perceiving(J or P)
16 Personalities Types……..
ISTJ(Introvert ,Sensing ,Thinking , Judging)
Serious and quiet, interested in security and peaceful living
Extremely thorough, responsible, and dependable
ISTP(Introvert, Sensing , Thinking , Perceiving) Quiet , reserved,interested in how and why things work Detached and analytical, they excel at finding solutions to practical problems.
ISFJ(Introvert , Sensing , Feeling , Judging)
Quiet, kind, and conscientious
Interested in serving others.
Stable and practical, they value security and traditions.
ISFP(Introvert ,Sensing , Feeling , Perceiving)
Quiet, serious, sensitive and kind.
- Not interested in leading or controlling others
Mentally quick, and able to see possibilities. Interested in understanding and helping people.
INTP(Introvert, Intuitive , Thinking , Perceiving) Logical, original, creative thinkers Individualistic, having no interest in leading or following others. Exceptionally capable and driven to turn theories into clear understandings. INTJ(Introvert, Intuitive , Thinking, Judging ) Independent, original, analytical, and determined Highly value knowledge, competence, and structure. Natural leaders, but will follow if they trust existing leaders INFJ(Introvert, Intuitive , Feeling , Judging) - Quietly forceful, original, and sensitive Extremely intuitive about people, and concerned for their feelings
16 Personalities Types…..
ESTP(Extrovert, Sensing , Thinking ,Perceiving) Friendly, adaptable, action-oriented Impatient with long explanations
ESTJ(Extrovert , Sensing ,Thinking ,Judging)
Practical, traditional, and organized
Like to be in charge
"Good citizens" who value security and peaceful living.
ESFP(Extrovert ,Sensing ,Feeling , Perceiving)
People-oriented and fun-loving
Living for the moment, they love new experiences.
They dislike theory and impersonal analysis.
ESFJ(Extrovert , Sensing, Feeling, Judging )
Warm-hearted, popular, and conscientious
Feel strong sense of responsibility and duty
Need positive reinforcement to feel good about themselves
Popular and sensitive, with outstanding people skills
Externally focused, with real concern for how others think and feel
ENTP(Extrovert ,Intuitive, Thinking, Perceiving)
Creative, resourceful, and intellectually quick
Generally outspoken and assertive
They enjoy people and are stimulating company.
ENTJ: (Extrovert , Intuitive ,Thinking Judging)
Assertive and outspoken - they are driven to lead
They value knowledge and competence, and usually have little patience with inefficiency or disorganization.
Five Big Factors Of Personality Extraversion: Sociable or retiring fun-loving or somber affectionate or reserved Conscientiousness: Organized or disorganized careful or careless disciplined or impulsive Emotional stability: Calm or anxious secure or insecure self-satisfied or self-pitying Openness: Imaginative or practical interested in variety or routine independent or conforming Agreeableness: Softhearted or ruthless trusting or suspicious helpful or uncooperative
The Big Five Model
This dimension captures one’s comfort level with relationship. Extroverts tend to be gregarious, assertive and sociable.
Introvert tend to be reserved, quiet.
This dimension refers to an individual
propensity to defer to others.
Highly agreeable people are Co-operative,
warm and trusting.
Those who score low on this dimension are
This measures reliability such people are dependable and persistent.
Emotional Stability: -
This dimension taps persons ability to with
stand stress. People with positive emotional
stability tend to be clam, self confident and
Those with high negative scores tend to be
nervous, anxious, depressed and insecure.
Openness to Experience: -
Extremely open people are creative, curious and sensitive.
Major Personality Attributes Influencing OB
Locus of Control
Type – A Personality
Type – B Personality
Locus of Control
The degree to which people believe that they are the masters of their own fate.
Locus of control External locus of control Internal locus of control
The Degree to which an individual is pragmatic, maintains emotional distance & believes that ends can justify means.
Individuals degree of liking or disliking themselves.
A personality trait that measures an individual’s ability to adjust his/her behavior to external , situational factors.
The Degree to which an individual thrives a situations that most others would find perilous and stressful .
Type A Personality
Aggressive involvement in chronic situation, incessant struggle to achieve more and more in less and less time.
Are always moving
Strive to think or do
two or more things.
Can not cope with
Type B. Personality
Type B are rarely harried by desire to obtain a wildly increasing number of things or participate in an endless growing series of events in an ever decreasing amount of time.
Never suffer from a
sense of time urgency.
Feel no need to display
their either achievement.
Play for fun and relaxation.
Can relax without guilt.
PERSONALITY TRAITS :
Personality trait helps in selection of employee.
Matching people with job.
Personality Types and Suitable Occupation Personality types Personality Characteristics Suitable Occupations Realistic – Prefer physical activities Shy, genuine, stable, practical Mechanic, assembly line worker, farmer Investigator: Prefer activities that involve thinking, understanding Analytical, original, curious, independent Mathematician, news reporter, economist Social: Prefers activities that involve helping and developing others Sociable, friendly, cooperative Social worker, teacher, counselor Conventional: Prefers rule regulated, orderly & unambiguous activities Efficient, practical, inflexible Accountant, bank teller, corporate manager Enterprising: Prefers verbal activities in which one can influence others, attain power Self-confident, energenitic Lawyer, Public relation Specialist Artistic:Prefers ambiguous & unsystematic activities Imaginative,idealistic,impractical Painter,Musician,Writer