APPLICATIONS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN
AGRICULTURE: WSNS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL
MONITORING
By
Yasser Mahmoud Awad, PhD
Facul...
Scientific Research Group in Egypt
www.egyptscience.net
Overview
 Introduction
 WSNs
 Applications
 Current works
 Conclusions
Introduction
 Environmental degradation is due to the depletion of natural
resources, including water and soil by mainly ...
Problematic: Climatic Change
Temperature change (oC) relative to
1900
1940 1970 1994
Greenhouse gases 0.10 0.38 0.69
Sulfa...
Climate Change Impacts
Agriculture Water
Resources
 Shift in food growing
areas.
 Changes in crop yields.
 Increased ir...
Introduction
Research questions Scientific approach
Will the earth continue to get warmer? The global average temperature ...
In Case of Egypt
 Proximal sensing
deployment strategies
that are based on: real
time (a), map-based (b),
and integrated (c)
approaches.
A...
Prototype sensor integrating optical, mechanical
and capacitance components
Sensor system integrating soil electrical
cond...
Applications
 Applying the X-ray fluorescent (XRF) and mid-infrared (MIR)
spectroscopy for monitoring plant nutrition nee...
Gas Exchange and Fluorescence | LI-CO
Applications
Hydroponics
Sensors for Monitoring Greenhouse
SMART IRIGATION SYSTEM
Sensors for Smart Irrigation in Field
 Soil Moisture
Sensors
Applications
Fertilization Management Software
Sensors for Water Quality in Aquaculture
SMART
IPhoneOver fertilization symptoms
Mobile-Based Applications
Current work
 WSNs for environmental monitoring to reduce emission
of Green House Gases (GHGs), especially CO2.
 WSNs fo...
Thermal Sensing of Plant Disorder
 Thermal imaging technique of normal and infected leaves
for early detection of powdery...
Thermal Sensing of Plant Disorder
Powdery mildew in wheat caused by Erysiphe
graminis f. sp. tritici
Thermal image of infe...
Conclusions
Applying agriculture
and IT is a promising
solution to improve the
quality of life (QOL)
Recommended Literature
For further questions:
Yasser M. Awad
ryasser@gmail.com
Applications of information technology in agriculture ws ns for environmental monitoring-y. m. awad 2014-408
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Applications of information technology in agriculture ws ns for environmental monitoring-y. m. awad 2014-408

  1. 1. APPLICATIONS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN AGRICULTURE: WSNS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING By Yasser Mahmoud Awad, PhD Faculty of Agriculture Suez Canal University SRGE 08/14/2014 – Ismailia, Egypt
  2. 2. Scientific Research Group in Egypt www.egyptscience.net
  3. 3. Overview  Introduction  WSNs  Applications  Current works  Conclusions
  4. 4. Introduction  Environmental degradation is due to the depletion of natural resources, including water and soil by mainly unsustainable human practices and activities.  Plant nutrition needs should be addressed not only in the nutrient content but also in the balance of the content in Plant organs over the entire period of plant growth.
  5. 5. Problematic: Climatic Change Temperature change (oC) relative to 1900 1940 1970 1994 Greenhouse gases 0.10 0.38 0.69 Sulfate emissions -0.04 -0.19 -0.27 Solar forcing 0.18 0.10 0.21 Volcanic forcing 0.11 -0.04 -0.14 Ozone -0.06 0.05 0.08 Net 0.19 0.17 0.53 Observed 0.26 0.21 0.52
  6. 6. Climate Change Impacts Agriculture Water Resources  Shift in food growing areas.  Changes in crop yields.  Increased irrigation demands.  Increased pests, crop diseases and weeds in warmer areas.  Decreased water quality.  Increased drought.  Increased flooding (Torrent in 2009 in Sinai). Pollution Heavy metals Organic Pollutants
  7. 7. Introduction Research questions Scientific approach Will the earth continue to get warmer? The global average temperature rise is > 0.6 oC. Continuous monitoring of weather by Wireless Sensors Instrumentation Systems. How rapidly could climate shift in Egypt? Building dataset for weather, after which further analysis and modeling should be performed. What are the effect of increased CO2 level or temperature on various crops? Further measurements and monitoring of plant responses under lab and field conditions. Can soil absorb more CO2? It can occur through applying biochar and polymeric conditioners to reduce CO2 emission and maintain soil organic matter. In case of Egypt, what are the possible mitigation technologies? Regional experimental findings with IT can produce various scenarios to mitigate climate change impacts on agriculture.
  8. 8. In Case of Egypt
  9. 9.  Proximal sensing deployment strategies that are based on: real time (a), map-based (b), and integrated (c) approaches. Applications
  10. 10. Prototype sensor integrating optical, mechanical and capacitance components Sensor system integrating soil electrical conductivity and pH mapping Applications
  11. 11. Applications  Applying the X-ray fluorescent (XRF) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy for monitoring plant nutrition needs during growth stages.
  12. 12. Gas Exchange and Fluorescence | LI-CO Applications
  13. 13. Hydroponics
  14. 14. Sensors for Monitoring Greenhouse
  15. 15. SMART IRIGATION SYSTEM Sensors for Smart Irrigation in Field
  16. 16.  Soil Moisture Sensors Applications
  17. 17. Fertilization Management Software
  18. 18. Sensors for Water Quality in Aquaculture
  19. 19. SMART IPhoneOver fertilization symptoms Mobile-Based Applications
  20. 20. Current work  WSNs for environmental monitoring to reduce emission of Green House Gases (GHGs), especially CO2.  WSNs for monitoring of water quality in Aquaculture (Aquaponic Project).  Manage pollution technically: Water quality monitoring systems.  Thermal imaging technique and the early detection of plant diseases and stress.
  21. 21. Thermal Sensing of Plant Disorder  Thermal imaging technique of normal and infected leaves for early detection of powdery mildew in wheat after the artificial infection in a pot experiment under greenhouse conditions.  Infection with powdery mildew pathogen induced changes in leaf metabolism, contributing to a distinct thermal signature characterizing the early and late phases of the infection.
  22. 22. Thermal Sensing of Plant Disorder Powdery mildew in wheat caused by Erysiphe graminis f. sp. tritici Thermal image of infected leaves
  23. 23. Conclusions Applying agriculture and IT is a promising solution to improve the quality of life (QOL)
  24. 24. Recommended Literature
  25. 25. For further questions: Yasser M. Awad ryasser@gmail.com

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