Applications of information technology in agriculture ws ns for environmental monitoring-y. m. awad 2014-408
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Applications of information technology in agriculture ws ns for environmental monitoring-y. m. awad 2014-408

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Applications of information technology in agriculture ws ns for environmental monitoring-y. m. awad 2014-408 Applications of information technology in agriculture ws ns for environmental monitoring-y. m. awad 2014-408 Presentation Transcript

  • APPLICATIONS OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN AGRICULTURE: WSNS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING By Yasser Mahmoud Awad, PhD Faculty of Agriculture Suez Canal University SRGE 08/14/2014 – Ismailia, Egypt
  • Scientific Research Group in Egypt www.egyptscience.net
  • Overview  Introduction  WSNs  Applications  Current works  Conclusions
  • Introduction  Environmental degradation is due to the depletion of natural resources, including water and soil by mainly unsustainable human practices and activities.  Plant nutrition needs should be addressed not only in the nutrient content but also in the balance of the content in Plant organs over the entire period of plant growth.
  • Problematic: Climatic Change Temperature change (oC) relative to 1900 1940 1970 1994 Greenhouse gases 0.10 0.38 0.69 Sulfate emissions -0.04 -0.19 -0.27 Solar forcing 0.18 0.10 0.21 Volcanic forcing 0.11 -0.04 -0.14 Ozone -0.06 0.05 0.08 Net 0.19 0.17 0.53 Observed 0.26 0.21 0.52
  • Climate Change Impacts Agriculture Water Resources  Shift in food growing areas.  Changes in crop yields.  Increased irrigation demands.  Increased pests, crop diseases and weeds in warmer areas.  Decreased water quality.  Increased drought.  Increased flooding (Torrent in 2009 in Sinai). Pollution Heavy metals Organic Pollutants
  • Introduction Research questions Scientific approach Will the earth continue to get warmer? The global average temperature rise is > 0.6 oC. Continuous monitoring of weather by Wireless Sensors Instrumentation Systems. How rapidly could climate shift in Egypt? Building dataset for weather, after which further analysis and modeling should be performed. What are the effect of increased CO2 level or temperature on various crops? Further measurements and monitoring of plant responses under lab and field conditions. Can soil absorb more CO2? It can occur through applying biochar and polymeric conditioners to reduce CO2 emission and maintain soil organic matter. In case of Egypt, what are the possible mitigation technologies? Regional experimental findings with IT can produce various scenarios to mitigate climate change impacts on agriculture.
  • In Case of Egypt
  •  Proximal sensing deployment strategies that are based on: real time (a), map-based (b), and integrated (c) approaches. Applications
  • Prototype sensor integrating optical, mechanical and capacitance components Sensor system integrating soil electrical conductivity and pH mapping Applications
  • Applications  Applying the X-ray fluorescent (XRF) and mid-infrared (MIR) spectroscopy for monitoring plant nutrition needs during growth stages.
  • Gas Exchange and Fluorescence | LI-CO Applications
  • Hydroponics
  • Sensors for Monitoring Greenhouse
  • SMART IRIGATION SYSTEM Sensors for Smart Irrigation in Field
  •  Soil Moisture Sensors Applications
  • Fertilization Management Software
  • Sensors for Water Quality in Aquaculture
  • SMART IPhoneOver fertilization symptoms Mobile-Based Applications
  • Current work  WSNs for environmental monitoring to reduce emission of Green House Gases (GHGs), especially CO2.  WSNs for monitoring of water quality in Aquaculture (Aquaponic Project).  Manage pollution technically: Water quality monitoring systems.  Thermal imaging technique and the early detection of plant diseases and stress.
  • Thermal Sensing of Plant Disorder  Thermal imaging technique of normal and infected leaves for early detection of powdery mildew in wheat after the artificial infection in a pot experiment under greenhouse conditions.  Infection with powdery mildew pathogen induced changes in leaf metabolism, contributing to a distinct thermal signature characterizing the early and late phases of the infection.
  • Thermal Sensing of Plant Disorder Powdery mildew in wheat caused by Erysiphe graminis f. sp. tritici Thermal image of infected leaves
  • Conclusions Applying agriculture and IT is a promising solution to improve the quality of life (QOL)
  • Recommended Literature
  • For further questions: Yasser M. Awad ryasser@gmail.com