CAUSES OF OEDEMA
Abnormal & excessive accumulation of free fluid in interstitial space or serous cavitiesAscites, pleural effusion, peric...
PATHOPHYSIOLOGIC CLASSESIncd hydrostatic pressureImpaired venous return   CHF   Constrictive pericarditisVenous obs ...
CONTD…   Ext pressure- mass, pelvic tumor   Lower extremity inactivity   PregnancyArteriolar dilatation     Heat    ...
Reduced oncotic pressureIncd loss – nephrotic syndromeDecd synthesis – liver failureMalnutrition/malabsorption    nut...
CONTD…Protein losing enteropathyLymphatic obsInfection   fiariasis- early & late stage    LGVMalignancy – CA breast
CONTD…Radiation injuryResection of lymphaticsNa retentionExcessive salt intake + renal insuffRAAS stimulationDecd Na...
Incd capillary permeabilityInfection /inflamatnSevere sepsisDrug- Ca channel blockerAllergicangioedema
CONTD…Foods- nuts, shellfishDrugs- penicillin, aspirinAllergy to insect bite or stingsACE inhibitorsHereditaryangione...
GENERALISED OEDEMARt heart failureNephrotic syndome,a/c nephritic syndromeHypoalbuminemiac/c liver diseaseBeri-beri
LOCALISED OEDEMAInflammatoryObs to bv/lymphaticsEmaciation & old ageAllergic
PITTING OEDEMACardiac causesRenal causesLiver diseaseEarly stage of filariasisCa channel blockers
NON PITTINGMyxoedemaElephantiasisangioneurotic
DEPENDENT OEDEMACardiac failureRenal causesHypoalbuminemia
NON DEPENDENTInflammatoryObs to lymphaticsAngioneurotic
OTHERSPulm oedema-LHF,renal failure,ARDSOedema of brain      localised- abscess, neoplasm      generalised- encephalit...
CONTD…MyxoedemaOedema fluid – transudate (CHF) or exudate (inflammatory)
Causes of edema
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Causes of edema

6,823 views
5,813 views

Published on

for more presentations
http://medicalpresentation.blogspot.in/

Published in: Health & Medicine
1 Comment
7 Likes
Statistics
Notes
No Downloads
Views
Total views
6,823
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
382
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
291
Comments
1
Likes
7
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Causes of edema

  1. 1. CAUSES OF OEDEMA
  2. 2. Abnormal & excessive accumulation of free fluid in interstitial space or serous cavitiesAscites, pleural effusion, pericardial effusion
  3. 3. PATHOPHYSIOLOGIC CLASSESIncd hydrostatic pressureImpaired venous return CHF Constrictive pericarditisVenous obs Thrombosis
  4. 4. CONTD… Ext pressure- mass, pelvic tumor Lower extremity inactivity PregnancyArteriolar dilatation Heat neurohumoral dysreguln
  5. 5. Reduced oncotic pressureIncd loss – nephrotic syndromeDecd synthesis – liver failureMalnutrition/malabsorption nutritional oedemao kwashiorkaro wet beri-berio c/c alcoholism
  6. 6. CONTD…Protein losing enteropathyLymphatic obsInfection fiariasis- early & late stage LGVMalignancy – CA breast
  7. 7. CONTD…Radiation injuryResection of lymphaticsNa retentionExcessive salt intake + renal insuffRAAS stimulationDecd Na deliveryConn’s syndrome
  8. 8. Incd capillary permeabilityInfection /inflamatnSevere sepsisDrug- Ca channel blockerAllergicangioedema
  9. 9. CONTD…Foods- nuts, shellfishDrugs- penicillin, aspirinAllergy to insect bite or stingsACE inhibitorsHereditaryangioneuroticoedema
  10. 10. GENERALISED OEDEMARt heart failureNephrotic syndome,a/c nephritic syndromeHypoalbuminemiac/c liver diseaseBeri-beri
  11. 11. LOCALISED OEDEMAInflammatoryObs to bv/lymphaticsEmaciation & old ageAllergic
  12. 12. PITTING OEDEMACardiac causesRenal causesLiver diseaseEarly stage of filariasisCa channel blockers
  13. 13. NON PITTINGMyxoedemaElephantiasisangioneurotic
  14. 14. DEPENDENT OEDEMACardiac failureRenal causesHypoalbuminemia
  15. 15. NON DEPENDENTInflammatoryObs to lymphaticsAngioneurotic
  16. 16. OTHERSPulm oedema-LHF,renal failure,ARDSOedema of brain localised- abscess, neoplasm generalised- encephalitis, hypertensive crisis, obs to brain’s venous outflow
  17. 17. CONTD…MyxoedemaOedema fluid – transudate (CHF) or exudate (inflammatory)

×