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  • 1. Integrantes:- Cantuña Karla - Coyaguillo Andrea - Muñoz Juliana - Cadena Grace
    • UNIVERSIDAD CENTRAL DEL ECUADOR
    • FACULTAD DE FILOSOFÍA, LETRAS Y CC.EE.
    • CARRERA DE IDIOMAS
  • 2. How long have you (been)…?
  • 3.
    • We use the present perfect (especially with how long, for and since ) to talk about something that began in the past and still continues now.
  • 4.
    • How long have you….?
    • HAS
    • Mary is visiting to her family now
    • She stayed in Cuenca on Sunday. Today is Wednesday
    • How long has she been in Cuenca? She has been in Cuenca for four days
    • HAVE
    • They are on vacation in Guayaquil They are there now
    • They arrived in Gayaquil on Friday. Today is Monday
    • How long have they been in Guayaquil?
    • They have been in Guayaquil since friday
  • 5. COMPARE IS AND HAS BEEN She has been in Cuenca :-since Saturday -for three days She is in Cuenca: now Tuesday Is: present Has been or have been: present perfect
  • 6.
    • COMPARE
    • SIMPLE PRESENT AND PRESENT PERFECT
    • Dan and Kate are married
    • They have been married for six years
    • Do you Know Santiago?
    • I’ve known him for a long time
    • I have a car
    • How long have you had your car?
    • I’ve had it since January
  • 7. COMPARE : Present Continuous Presente Perfect Continuous * I’m studying German. *How long have you been studying German? (not How long you studying German?
  • 8.
    • *Bruce is watching TV.
    • *How long has he been watching TV?
    • He’s been watching TV since 5 o’clock.
    • (he’s been = he has been)
  • 9.
    • *It’s raining.
    • * It’s been raining all day. (it’s been = it has been)
  • 10. 1. Complete the conversation using the present perfect. A: Have you done much exercise this week? (do) B:Yes, I have been in aerobics class. (be)
    • EXAMPLES
  • 11.
    • 2. A: Have you played any sport this month? (play)
    • B: No, I have not had time (have not)
  • 12.
    • 3. A:How many movies have you seen this month? (see)
    • B:Actually, I have not gone to the cinema.(go)
  • 13.
    • 4:A:How long have you been in this party? (be)
    • B:I’ve been here since 3 o’clock.(be)
  • 14.
    • 5A: Have you called any friend today? ( call)
    • B:Yes, I have made three calls. (make)
  • 15. Do you have any question?