Major issues of the Environmental Problem in IndiaOne of the primary causes of environmental degradation in a country could be attributed to rapidgrowth of population, which adversely affects the natural resources and environment. Theuprising population and the environmental deterioration face the challenge of sustainabledevelopment. The existence or the absence of favorable natural resources can facilitate or retardthe process of socio-economic development. The three basic demographic factors of births(fatality),deaths (mortality) and human migration (migration) and immigration (populationmoving into a country produces higher population) produce changes in population size,composition, distribution and these changes raise a number of important questions of cause andeffect. Population growth and economic development are contributing too many seriousenvironmental calamities in India. These include heavy pressure on land, land degradation,forests, habitat destruction and loss of biodiversity. Changing consumption pattern has led torising demand for energy. The final outcomes of this are air pollution, global warming, climatechange, water scarcity and water pollution. Environmental issues in India include various naturalhazards, particularly cyclones and annual monsoon floods, population growth, increasingindividual consumption, industrialization, infrastructural development, poor agriculturalpractices, and resource misdistributions have led to substantial human transformation of India’snatural environment. An estimated 60% of cultivated land suffers from soil erosion, waterlogging, and salinity. It is also estimated that between 4.7 and 12 billion tons of topsoil are lostannually from soil erosion. From 1947 to 2002, average annual per capita water availabilitydeclined by almost 70% to 1,822 cubic meters, and overexploitation of groundwater isproblematic in the states of Haryana, Punjab, and Uttar Pradesh. Forest area covers 18.34% ofIndia’s geographic area (637000 km²). Nearly half of the country’s forest cove.Haze smoke Genetic controlled growth of urbanization and industrialization, expansion andmassive intensification of agriculture, and the destruction of forests. Major environmental issuesare Forest and Agricultural land degradation, Resource depletion (water, mineral, forest, sand,rocks etc.,) Environmental degradation, Public Health, Loss of Biodiversity, Loss of resilience inecosystems, Livelihood Security for the Poor.It is estimated that the country’s population will increase to about 1.26 billion by the year 2016.The projected population indicates that India will be the first most populous country in the worldand China will be ranking second in the year 2050. India having 18% of the worlds populationon 2.4% of worlds total area has greatly increased the pressure on its natural resources. Watershortages, soil exhaustion and erosion, deforestation, air and water pollution afflicts many areas.
Save rainforestsTropical rainforests cover a mere 6% of the Earths land surface yet harbor over 50% of theEarths terrestrial biodiversity. Tropical rainforests are a place of enchantment and represent thesplendors and potential of life on our unique planetary home.Besides being a place of incredible beauty and wonder, tropical rainforests are also important tous. Of the 3000 plants identified by the National Cancer Institute as a source of cancer fightingchemicals, 2100 are from the worlds tropical rainforests. Less than 1% of the estimated 125,000flowering plant species of tropical rainforests have been examined for their medicinal properties.This is but one example of the richness that exists within rainforests.However, about 50 million acres (approximately the size of Great Britain) of tropical rainforestsare destroyed each year. Much of this deforestation occurs through slash and burn agriculture bysubsistence farmers who lack knowledge of sustainable alternatives. The effects of globalwarming through slash and burn are enormous. It is responsible for 20% of the total globalemissions of CO2 into our atmosphere each year. To halt further effects of global warming wemust implement climate change mitigation through reforestation programs and insist on the fullprotection of remaining tropical rainforests. Tropical deforestation also leads directly to theextinction of several thousands of animal and plant species every year and causes changes toglobal water cycles.Tropical rainforests are the richest ecosystem on our planet and are an essential element to theplanet’s life support machine. In 3 acres of tropical rainforest one can find up to 300 species oftrees as opposed to up to 10 in a temperate forest. Panama has over 3000 species of trees in therainforests of the Panama Canal alone.Nearly 80% of the Earth’s animal species are from tropical rainforests. It is estimated that eachtree in the rainforest could harbor over 400 unique species of insects found nowhere else onearth, such is the immense diversity of tropical rainforests.Tropical rainforests store approximately 46% of the worlds living carbon and 11% of all soilcarbon. The loss of tropical rainforests is more than just the loss of trees; it is the removal of acritical element necessary for our survival.Eighty percent of the nutrients in tropical rainforests are in the vegetation and not in the soil.This means that the soils are nutrient-poor and become eroded and unproductive within a fewyears after rainforests are cleared.The uneven distribution of wealth and land is one major factor in the destruction of tropicalrainforests. Over one billion people worldwide depend directly on tropical rainforests. Many ofthem exist in absolute poverty. This is causing further destruction of rainforests through theinefficient and unsustainable use of their resources through lack of knowledge.Unfortunately the pressure on tropical rainforests is not decreasing but increasing and it isestimated that within a few decades no large expanse of tropical rainforests will exist.
Recommendation • We have to educate the people about the how and why save a rainforest. • Company who are cause to deforestation they have to take the program of the saving rain forest. • The people are can donate the money in the funds which are used for developing the rainforest. • If people are thinking 1 year ahead, sow seeds. • If people are thinking 10 years ahead, plant a tree. • If people are thinking 100 years ahead, educate the people. • If the company is destroying the tree for there business proposes then for every 5 trees they have to plant the 10 small trees in forest and take care of the trees. • In the vacation of the schools the company can design the programmed for the students to how help the increasing the rain forest.
BES’S INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES AND RESEARCH CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBLITYName: Abhishek Krishnakumar Rane.Roll no: 39Sub: envoirmental problems.Class: FYMMSProf. Bharat Nadkarni.