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Motivation in organization.

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  1. 1. Presented By:Abhishek Pachisia B.Tech-IT
  2. 2. It is a driving force that makes a person to achieve desired goal.According to various theories motivation is one of the basic needto achieve desired goal.Factors influencing motivation are : •Extrinsic factors-Comes from outside the individual. •Intrinsic factors-Exists within the individual.Motivation are positive and negative both. They can be intrinsicor extrinsic.
  3. 3. 1. Activation Decision to initiate a behavior.2. Persistence Continuous effort toward goal regardless of number of obstacles.3. Intensity Concentration goes into pursuing a goal i.e how hard a person is trying to achieve the goal .
  4. 4. •Intrinsic Factors They are self generated factors as Responsibility Freedom to act Develop skills and abilities Interesting and challenging work Opportunities for advancement•Extrinsic Factors Done by others as Rewards Promotion Punishment
  5. 5. Motivation is mostly influenced by needs. On this basis AbrahamMaslow gave a hierarchy known as “Maslows Hierarchy”.Five needs are described in Maslows Hierarchy 1. Physiological Needs 2. Security and Safety Needs 3. Social Needs (Love/Belonging Needs) 4. Self-Esteem Needs 5. Self-Actualization Needs
  6. 6. The most fundamental and basic four layers of the pyramidcontain "deficiency needs" or “d-needs”Exception of the most fundamental need is physiological needs.He also coined the term Metamotivation.Metamotivated people are driven by B-needs (Being Needs),instead of deficiency needs (D-Needs).
  7. 7.  For the most part, physiological needs are obvious — theyare the literal requirements for human survival. If these requirements are not met, the human body simplycannot continue to function.Some of these are: •Air •Water Metabolic Requirement •Food •Clothing •Shelter
  8. 8.  It is second most important need.Safety and Security needs include: Personal security Financial security Health and well-being Safety net against accidents/illness and their adverse impacts
  9. 9.  It is the third important layer of human need.Deficiencies in this need can have effect on individual’s abilityto form and maintain emotionally significant relationship as: Friendship Intimacy Family
  10. 10.  It is the Fourth important layer of human need.Esteem presents the normal human desire to be accepted andvalued by others. Imbalances at this level can result in low self-esteem or aninferiority complex.Two versions of esteem needs  A lower one A higher one.
  11. 11.  It is the Fifth and the last layer of human need. Its about “What a man can be, he must be.” Described by Maslow : What one desires to be.Typically it is defined as “The full realization of ones potential”.Few people attain it.
  12. 12. Developed by Douglas McGregor.Two theories are described •Theory X •Theory YThese theories relates to Maslow’s HierarchyTheory Y relates to Self Actualization and Self Esteem.
  13. 13. Assumes Average person as: Dislike work and avoid it where possible. No(or lack in) ambition, dislike responsibility and would followthan lead.Desire security.Self CenteredResists ChangeGullible
  14. 14. Hard Approach Environment of command and control.Purposely low output.Soft ApproachPermissive & Seek HarmonyRequest more RewardsBoth the extreme approaches are not optimal.
  15. 15. Characterize workers who, Consider work can be natural like rest or play Do not dislike work Seek responsibility Self Directed Committed to their Job.
  16. 16.  Align personal goal with organizational goalNo soft approachSome employees are not Mature enoughMotivation TechniquesDecentralization and DelegationJob EnlargementParticipative ManagementAppraisals
  17. 17. Also known as “Herzbergs motivation-hygiene theory”.Nature of the work.Distinguished between Motivators Hygiene Factors
  18. 18. Achievement Company policyRecognition SupervisionWork itself Relationship with bossResponsibility Work conditionsAdvancement SalaryGrowth Relationship with peers Security Satisfaction and dissatisfaction are not two sides of same thing.
  19. 19. Provide Hygiene FactorsProvide Job enrichment for intrinsic motivation Sufficient Challenge in Job. More responsibility to employees. Replacing employee of high level skill with low level skill employee.
  20. 20. Example:I need to be paid on time each month so I can pay my bills. If I am not paid ontime, I get really unhappy. But when I get paid on time, I hardly notice it.On the other hand, when my boss gives me a pat on the back, I feel good. I dontexpect this every day and dont especially miss not having praise all of the time.