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  • 1. WHO WILL DO THIS WORK? Every work is equal don’t think that a work is small and a work is high.
  • 2. WHY DO A PARTICULAR COMMUNITY PEOPLE DOES CLEANING WORK? • A particular community people do cleaning work because in their family every one means since their great grandfathers times …….. Even before that ,most people of their community are still doing this work even after getting a college degree they don’t get another job . People feel that they are untouchables. To watch video
  • 3. WHO FOUGHT AGAINST UNTOUCHABILITY? • Dr. B.R. Ambedkar fought against untouchability • He was a great freedom fighter. Continued on slide 4
  • 4. DR. B.R. AMBEDKAR himrao R amji Ambedkar ( • B [ bʱiːmr aːw r aːmdʑiː aːmbeːɽkər ] ; 14 Apr il 1891 – 6 December 1956), popular ly also known as Bab eb was asah , an I ndian j ur ist , polit ician, philosopher , ant hr opologist , hist or ian and economist . A r evivalist f or Buddhism in I ndia, he inspir ed t he Moder n Buddhist movement . As independent I ndia' s f ir st law minist er , he was pr incipal ar chit ect of t he Const it ut ion of I ndia. • Bor n int o a poor Maher f amily, Ambedkar campaigned against social discr iminat ion, t he I ndian cast e syst em. He conver t ed t o Buddhism and is also cr edit ed wit h pr oviding a spar k f or t he conver sion of hundr eds of t housands of lower cast e member s t o Buddhism. Ambedkar was post humously awar ded t he Bhar at Rat na, I ndia' s highest civilian
  • 5. OPPOSITION TO UNTOUCHABILITY • As Ambedkar was educat ed by t he Pr incely St at e of Bar oda, he was bound t o ser ve it . He was appoint ed as Milit ar y Secr et ar y t o t he Gaekwar but had t o quit wit hin a shor t t ime. He descr ibed t he incident in his aut obiogr aphy, W foraV [10] Ther eaf t er aiting isa. he t r ied t o f ind ways t o make a living f or his gr owing f amily. He wor ked as a pr ivat e t ut or , as an account ant , and est ablished an invest ment consult ing business, but it f ailed when his client s lear ned t hat he was an unt ouchable.[14] I n 1918 he became Pr of essor of Polit ical Economy in t he Sydenham College of Commer ce and Economics in Mumbai. Even t hough he was successf ul wit h t he st udent s, ot her pr of essor s obj ect ed t o his shar ing t he same dr inking-wat er j ug t hat t hey all used.[15] • Ambedkar had been invit ed t o t est if y bef or e t he Sout hbor ough Commit t ee, which was pr epar ing t he Gover nment of I ndia Act 1919. At t his hear ing, Ambedkar ar gued f or cr eat ing separ at e elect or at es
  • 6. WHO SAID THAT WE HAVE TO CLEAN THE PLACE WHICH WE HAVE DIRTIED? • Mahatma gandhiji said that we have to clean the place which we have dirtied. • He was also a great freedom fighter. Continued on slide 7
  • 7. MAHATMA GANDHI • Mohandas K aramchand Gandhi (pr onounced [ ˈmoːɦənd̪ aːs ˈkər əmt ʃənd̪ ˈɡaːnd̪ ʱi]  ( list en); 2 Oct ober 1869 – 30 J anuar y 1948) was t he pr eeminent leader and f r eedom f ight er of I ndian nat ionalism in Br it ish-r uled I ndia. Employing nonviolent civil disobedience, Gandhi led I ndia t o independence and inspir ed movement s f or civil r ight s and f r eedom acr oss t he wor ld. The honor if ic Mahatma (Sanskr it : "high-souled," "vener able" [2] )—applied t o him f ir st in 1914 in Sout h Af r ica,[3] —is now used wor ldwide. He is also called B apu ( [4] [4][5] Guj ar at i: endear ment f or "f at her ," "papa." ) in I ndia. • Bor n and r aised in a Hindu, mer chant cast e, f amily in coast al Guj ar at , west er n I ndia, and t r ained in law at t he I nner Temple, London, Gandhi f ir st employed nonviolent civil disobedience as an expat r iat e lawyer in Sout h Af r ica, in t he r esident I ndian communit y' s st r uggle f or civil r ight s. Af t er his r et ur n t o I ndia in 1915, he set about or ganising peasant s, f ar mer s, and ur ban labour er s t o pr ot est against excessive land-t ax and discr iminat ion. Assuming leader ship of t he I ndian Nat ional Congr ess in 1921, Gandhi led nat ionwide campaigns f or easing pover t y, expanding women' s r ight s, building r eligious and et hnic amit y, ending unt ouchabilit y, but above all f or achieving Sw aj or self ar r ule. • Gandhi f amously led I ndians in challenging t he Br it ish-imposed salt t ax wit h t he 400 km (250 mi) Dandi Salt Mar ch in 1930, and lat er in calling f or t he Br it ish t o QitIndia in 1942. u He was impr isoned f or many year s, upon many occasions, in bot h Sout h Af r ica and I ndia. Gandhi at t empt ed t o pr act ise nonviolence and t r ut h in all sit uat ions, and advocat ed t hat ot her s do t he same. He lived modest ly in a self -suf f icient r esident ial communit y and wor e t he t r adit ional I ndian dh and shawl, woven wit h yar n hand spun on a ch kh He at e oti ar a. simple veget ar ian f ood, and also under t ook long f ast s as means of bot h self -pur if icat ion and social pr ot est .
  • 8. UNTOUCHABLES • I n 1932, t hr ough t he campaigning of t he Dalit leader B. R. Ambedkar , t he gover nment gr ant ed unt ouchables separ at e elect or at es under t he new const it ut ion, known as t he Communal Awar d. I n pr ot est , Gandhi embar ked on a six-day f ast on 20 Sept ember 1932, while he was impr isoned at t he Yer wada J ail, Pune.[95] The r esult ing public out cr y successf ully f or ced t he gover nment t o adopt an equit able ar r angement ( Poona Pact ) t hr ough negot iat ions mediat ed by Palwankar Baloo.[95] This was t he st ar t of a new campaign by Gandhi t o impr ove t he lives of t he unt ouchables, whom he named Har ij ans, t he childr en of God.[96] On 8 Sept ember 1931, Mahat ma Gandhi who was sailing on SS Raj put ana, t o t he second Round Table Conf er ence in London, Mahat ma Gandhi met Meher Baba in his cabin on boar d t he ship, and discussed issues of unt ouchables, polit ics, st at e I ndependence and spir it ualit y [97] • On 8 May 1933, Gandhi began a 21-day f ast of self -pur if icat ion and launched a one-year campaign t o help t he Har ij an movement .[98] This new campaign was not univer sally embr aced wit hin t he Dalit communit y, as Ambedkar condemned Gandhi' s use of t he t er m Har as saying t hat ijans Dalit s wer e socially immat ur e, and t hat pr ivileged cast e I ndians played a pat er nalist ic r ole. Ambedkar and his allies also f elt Gandhi was under mining Dalit polit ical r ight s. Gandhi had also r ef used t o suppor t t he unt ouchables in 1924–25 when t hey wer e campaigning f or t he r ight t o
  • 9. NONVIOLENCE • Alt hough Gandhi was not t he or iginat or of t he pr inciple of nonviolence, he was t he f ir st t o apply it in t he polit ical f ield on a lar ge scale.[165] The concept of nonviolence (ah and nonr esist ance has a long hist or y in imsa) I ndian r eligious t hought and has had many r evivals in Hindu, Buddhist , J ain, J ewish and Chr ist ian cont ext s. Gandhi explains his philosophy and way of lif e in his aut obiogr aphy Th Stor ofM E imentsw Tr th Gandhi r ealised e y y xper ith u . lat er t hat t his level of nonviolence r equir ed incr edible f ait h and cour age, which he believed ever yone did not possess. He t her ef or e advised t hat ever yone need not keep t o nonviolence, especially if it wer e used as a cover f or cowar dice, saying, "wher e t her e is only a choice bet ween cowar dice and violence, I would advise violence." [166][167] • Gandhi t hus came under some polit ical f ir e f or his cr it icism of t hose who at t empt ed t o achieve independence t hr ough mor e violent means. His r ef usal t o pr ot est against t he hanging of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev, Udham Singh and Raj gur u wer e sour ces of condemnat ion among some par t ies.[168][169] • Of t his cr it icism, Gandhi st at ed, "Ther e was a t ime when people list ened t o me because I showed t hem how t o give f ight t o t he Br it ish wit hout ar ms when t hey had no ar ms [...] but t oday I am t old t hat my nonviolence can be of no avail against t he [Hindu–Moslem r iot s] and, t her ef or e, people should ar m t hemselves f or self -def ense." [170] • Gandhi' s views came under heavy cr it icism in Br it ain when it was under at t ack f r om Nazi Ger many, and lat er when t he Holocaust was r evealed.