Basic Forms of Tenses

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Basics of Tences

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  • Abhinav Bhutada
  • Basic Forms of Tenses

    1. 1. Contents  Present Tense  Simple Present Tense  Present Continuous Tense  Present Perfect Tense  Present Perfect Continuous Tense  Past Tense  Simple Past Tense  Past Perfect Tense  Past Continuous Tense  Past Perfect Continuous Tense  Future Tense  Simple Future Tense  Future Perfect Tense  Future Continuous Tense  Future Perfect Continuous Tense
    2. 2. Present Tense
    3. 3. Simple Present Tense  When something happens regularly or is a permanent situation we usually use the simple present tense.  When using the simple present the verb (with the exception of the auxiliary verbs) remains in the dictionary form  (verb + s with he/she/it).
    4. 4. Simple Present Tense  Examples:  The Queen of England lives in Buckingham Palace.  The train to Berlin leaves every hour.  They travel to their country house every weekend.
    5. 5. Present Continuous Tense  Continuous tenses are also called progressive tenses. So the present progressive tense is the same as the present continuous tense.  subject+ auxiliary verb+ main verb be base + ing  [am/is/are + present participle]
    6. 6. Present Continuous Tense  Examples:  She is loving this chocolate ice cream.  Are you still watching TV?  I am studying to become a engineer.  She loves this chocolate ice cream. Incorrect Correct
    7. 7. Present Perfect Tense  The English Present Perfect tense is used to express actions which have already been completed, or perfected, at the time of speaking or writing.  Form: [ has/have + past participle ]
    8. 8. Present Perfect Tense  Examples: In the first example, the use of the Present Perfect tense emphasizes the fact that, at the time of speaking or writing, the work has already been completed. In the second example, the use of the Present Perfect indicates that, at the time of speaking or writing, half the questions have been answered.  I have done the work.  She has answered half the questions.
    9. 9. Present Perfect Continuous Tense  Present perfect continuous tense is used for an action which began at some time in past and is still continuing.  Syntax: Has/have + been + Present participle
    10. 10. Present Perfect Continuous Tense  Examples:  Sam has been having his car for 2 years.  He has been sleeping for 5 hrs.  James have been teaching at university since last year.  Sam has had his car for 2 years. Incorrect correct
    11. 11. Past Tense
    12. 12. Simple Past Tense  This tense is usually used for those actions which are already over.  It's syntax is given as: (subject + V2 + object) where V2 - second form of the verb
    13. 13. Simple Past Tense  Examples:  I went to all the art exhibitions I could.  She lived in Tokyo for seven years.  They were in London from Monday to Thursday of last week.
    14. 14. Past Perfect Tense  It is used to express an action which has occurred in past (usually, a long time ago) and action which has occurred in past before another action in past.  Syntax: Subject + auxiliary verb + main verb (past participle) + object
    15. 15. Past Perfect Tense  Examples:  It have not rained heavily last month.  They had visited a doctor.  I had not finished my work last year.  It had not rained heavily last month Incorrect correct
    16. 16. Past Perfect Continuous Tense  It is used to express a continued or ongoing action in past, an ongoing action which occurred in past and completed at some point in past.  Syntax: Auxiliary verb + Subject + Main verb (present participle) + object
    17. 17. Past Perfect Continuous Tense subject auxiliary verb auxiliary verb main verb + I had been working. + You had been playing tennis. - It had not been working well. - We had not been expecting her. ? Had you been drinking? ? Had they been waiting long?  For negative sentences in the past perfect continuous tense, we insert not after the first auxiliary verb. For question sentences, we exchange the subject and first auxiliary verb:
    18. 18. Past Perfect Continuous Tense  Examples:  We had'nt exposed to programming before joining the IT Dept.  Yadnya had been waiting for two hours when his friend arrived.  Students had been asking for an off lecture before sir scolded them.  We had'nt been exposed to programming before joining the IT Dept. Incorrect correct
    19. 19. Past Continuous Tense  In the Past Continuous tense, the action was ongoing till a certain time in the past. This tense is used to talk about an action at a particular time in the past.  Syntax: Subject + Auxiliary verb + main verb (Present participle) + Object + Time reference
    20. 20. Past Continuous Tense SUBJECT WAS / WERE VERB + ing REST OF THE SENTENCE I was sleeping at 11 p.m. last night. You were sleeping at 11 p.m. last night. He was sleeping at 11 p.m. last night. For positive sentences:
    21. 21. Past Continuous Tense  Examples:  I burned my finger while I was cooking breakfast.  I was practicing the guitar when he came home.
    22. 22. Future Tense
    23. 23. Simple Future Tense  It is used to express an action which has not occurred yet and will occur after saying or in future.  Syntax: Subject + auxiliary verb + main verb (present participle) + object
    24. 24. Simple Future Tense  Examples:  When you will arrive tonight, we will go out for dinner.  He will start a business.  I will not give you a pen tomorrow.  When you arrive tonight, we will go out for dinner. Incorrect correct
    25. 25. Future Continuous Tense  It is used to express a continued or an ongoing action in future.  Syntax: Subject + auxiliary verb + main verb (present participle) + object
    26. 26. Future Continuous Tense  Examples:  Jane will be being at my house when you arrive  While I am finishing my homework, she is going to make dinner.  You are going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.  Jane will be at my house when you arrive. Incorrect correct
    27. 27. Future Perfect Tense  It is used to express an action which will occur in future and is thought to be completed in future.  Syntax: Subject + auxiliary verb + main verb (past participle) + object
    28. 28. Future Continuous Tense  Examples:  I am going to see a movie when I will have finished my homework.  They will have completed the Presentation before the deadline.  You are going to have perfected your English by the time you come back from the U.S..  I am going to see a movie when I have finished my homework. Incorrect correct
    29. 29. Future Perfect Continuous Tense  It is used to express a continued or ongoing action that will start in future and is thought to be continued till sometime in future.  Syntax: Subject + Auxiliary verb + main verb (Present participle) + Object + Time reference
    30. 30. Future Perfect Continuous Tense  Examples:  Vidya will have been having his driver's license for over two years.  The famous artist will have been painting the mural for over six months by the time it is finished.  You will have been waiting for more than two hours when her plane finally arrives.  Vidya will have had his driver's license for over two years. Incorrect correct

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