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Permaculture in context of Rural development
Empowerment & Grassroot mobilization
 Rural development has
traditionally centered on the
exploitation of land-intensive
natural resources such as
Agriculture...
Rural development -India
 Changes in global production networks and increased urbanization have
changed the character of ...
Rural development -India
 Rural development actions majorly aim the upliftment of the of the
most underdeveloped areas so...
Rural development -India
 The main aim of the rural government policy is to develop the undeveloped villages
 Rural deve...
Aranya as an Example
 ARANYA believes on sustainable agriculture and mostly
subsistence farming systems for enhanced food...
Aranya Agriculture Alternatives (Permaculture India)
• “Aranya” means forest in Sanskrit
• Aranya a self-regulating system...
Vision :
Achieving Ecological and Sustainable Agricultural Livelihoods
through Permaculture farming practices for a Green ...
Aranya Permaculture activities in India (since 1990s)
• Adilabad is one of the backward districts of Andhra Pradesh
• 15.7% tribal population and 14.7% SC populations
• People ...
Activity spread cycle
1.Permaculture
Pioneer farm
(Pasthapur)
2.Kitchen
Gardens
(villages)
3.Farm
development in
schools(G...
Works
Natural Ecological Farming in tribal hamlets
Vegetable gardens
Tree Based Farming in tribal lands
Dry land/Rain ...
Training and Capacity Building Activities
Ecological farming
• Training and facilitating tribal
women in the Preparation of
“Amrutha jhal” and
“Amrutha mitti”(cow b...
Women Empowerment
 Women empowerment in villages delivers multiple
dividends including poverty reduction, increased food
...
Aranya - Women
Empowerment
• Training and awareness
regarding age-old
Permacultural practices
• Field demonstrations
• Exp...
Tree based farming
• Amla,Mango plantations
• Intercropping
• Live hedge planting
• Agro forestry
• Companion plantations
Food and seeds
• Traditional and
indigenous seed
varieties restoration
• Saving land races
• Seed banks
establishment
• Re...
Water resource
management
• Soil water
conservation works
• Water shed
development
• Participatory irrigation
management
•...
Integrated Livelihoods
•Diversified cropping
systems
•Livestock integration
•Dairy, poultry
•Pisciculture
•Horticulture
Community Mobilization
 Community mobilization is central to any
developmental process
 It encourages better use of ones...
Awareness stage
Participatory decisions, planning….
Community in action…..
In practice….
Community in action….
Outcomes
Rural Developmental Impact
Sustainable Livelihoods Promotion
Increased Income levels & Living Standards
Food & Nu...
Thank you
“ The true development of a nation is only when its villages develop “
Perma rural development
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Perma rural development

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Transcript of "Perma rural development"

  1. 1. Permaculture in context of Rural development Empowerment & Grassroot mobilization
  2. 2.  Rural development has traditionally centered on the exploitation of land-intensive natural resources such as Agriculture and Forestry  In contrast to urban regions, which have many similarities, rural areas are highly distinctive from one another  For this reason rural development approaches are dynamic and variable specially in developing countries Rural development -India
  3. 3. Rural development -India  Changes in global production networks and increased urbanization have changed the character of rural areas too  The need for rural communities to approach development from a wider perspective has created more focus on a broad range of development goals  Education, entrepreneurship, physical infrastructure, and social infrastructure all need to be focused upon in developing rural regions  Rural development is also characterized by its emphasis on locally produced economic development strategies
  4. 4. Rural development -India  Rural development actions majorly aim the upliftment of the of the most underdeveloped areas socially & economically  Rural development actions needs to integrate environmental management as a core component  Rural development programs are usually top-down from the local or regional authorities, regional development agencies, NGOs, national governments or international development organizations  But then, local populations can also bring about endogenous initiatives for development
  5. 5. Rural development -India  The main aim of the rural government policy is to develop the undeveloped villages  Rural development aims at finding the ways to improve the rural lives with participation of the rural people themselves so as to meet the required need of the rural area  The outsider may not understand the setting, culture, language and other things prevalent in the local area  As such, general people themselves have to participate in their sustainable rural development  In developing countries like India, integrated development approaches are being followed up  In the context of many approaches and ideas have been developed and followed up, for instance, bottom-up approach, PRA- Participatory Rural Appraisal, RRA- Rapid Rural Appraisal etc
  6. 6. Aranya as an Example  ARANYA believes on sustainable agriculture and mostly subsistence farming systems for enhanced food security & sustainability of livelihoods  The sustainability depends on the management systems to access, control and manage forest, water, soil, and vegetation and livestock resources  The Sustainable rural development is the one which emphasizes on the following  Empowering rural communities  Natural resource management  Sustainable/ green livelihoods “ The Permacultural way plays a crucial role in such sustainable rural development “
  7. 7. Aranya Agriculture Alternatives (Permaculture India) • “Aranya” means forest in Sanskrit • Aranya a self-regulating system • Aranya also the guiding principle of agriculture (hence the name Aranya Agricultural Alternatives) to encapsulate the regeneration philosophy of the age old Indian tradition and culture • An Environmental and Developmental organization working for remote tribal communities of Adilabad and Medak districts, Andhra Pradesh in north-central part of peninsular India registered No.1502 of 1999) AP (Telangana area) Public Societies Registration Act 1350 Fasli (Act 1 f1350 F)
  8. 8. Vision : Achieving Ecological and Sustainable Agricultural Livelihoods through Permaculture farming practices for a Green Globe Objectives of ARANYA : • To advocate and promote alternative and Permanent Agriculture practices with focus on sustainable natural resource management • To organize and strengthen the rural and farming communities to achieve food and nutrition security • To promote concept of biodiversity, natural resource conservation and organic practices • To empower rural communities women , farmers and youth on Permaculture practices, through capacity building • To empower women in particular to facilitate processes through which they would gain access and control over natural resources • To promote sustainable livelihoods by capacity building of different rural communities regarding indigenous and native technologies
  9. 9. Aranya Permaculture activities in India (since 1990s)
  10. 10. • Adilabad is one of the backward districts of Andhra Pradesh • 15.7% tribal population and 14.7% SC populations • People in the remote hamlets are ancient tribes • lacking even basic amenities for living • Though natural resources rich, not able utilize them • Various reasons Lack of awareness/capacities to access the services Lack of infrastructure (roads, transport) In adequate financial resources Context/background – Aranya in Adilabad
  11. 11. Activity spread cycle 1.Permaculture Pioneer farm (Pasthapur) 2.Kitchen Gardens (villages) 3.Farm development in schools(Green school),colleges 4.Collective agriculture through women groups 5.Nuclear Permaculture farms development 6.NGO(Aranya working upon 2,3,4,5,7,8,9) 7.Facilitating other institutions 8.Permaculture in Government waste lands(arid and semiarid areas) Permaculture in Community lands
  12. 12. Works Natural Ecological Farming in tribal hamlets Vegetable gardens Tree Based Farming in tribal lands Dry land/Rain fed agriculture Bio-Diversity conservation System of Rice Intensification-SRI Compost making( Vermicompost and others) Promoting integrated systems pisiculture, diary, poultry Irrigated Agricultural Development ( Command Areas) Trainings & Capacity building(focus - Permacultural practices )
  13. 13. Training and Capacity Building Activities
  14. 14. Ecological farming • Training and facilitating tribal women in the Preparation of “Amrutha jhal” and “Amrutha mitti”(cow based farming; cow dung+urine+Jaggery+ Compost material • Nutrition plantations for tribal food security (Citrus,Moringa,Pomegranate ,Curry leaf) • Vegetable gardens • Nursery raising
  15. 15. Women Empowerment  Women empowerment in villages delivers multiple dividends including poverty reduction, increased food production &decreased child malnutrition  Rural women and girls in India face several constraints that limit their social and economic opportunities & thus hinder poverty reduction and development  Understanding discriminatory social institutions that affect rural women and agricultural production is critical for enhancing aid effectiveness and the design of targeted policies to address food insecurity  There is need for mediating in gender relations to influence rural women’s economic and social opportunities
  16. 16. Aranya - Women Empowerment • Training and awareness regarding age-old Permacultural practices • Field demonstrations • Exposure visits to Permaculture farms • Hand holding support for implementation
  17. 17. Tree based farming • Amla,Mango plantations • Intercropping • Live hedge planting • Agro forestry • Companion plantations
  18. 18. Food and seeds • Traditional and indigenous seed varieties restoration • Saving land races • Seed banks establishment • Revenue through seed and fruit marketing
  19. 19. Water resource management • Soil water conservation works • Water shed development • Participatory irrigation management • System of Rice Intensification • Irrigated agriculture development
  20. 20. Integrated Livelihoods •Diversified cropping systems •Livestock integration •Dairy, poultry •Pisciculture •Horticulture
  21. 21. Community Mobilization  Community mobilization is central to any developmental process  It encourages better use of ones own resources and establishing ones capacities & willingness to contribute  Participatory decision making and action ensures democratic way of development  Empowers local communities for self organization & action “ Aranya works with community for their development “ from awareness stage , decision making, planning ,implementation to monitoring ,maintenance till the Outcome stage
  22. 22. Awareness stage
  23. 23. Participatory decisions, planning….
  24. 24. Community in action…..
  25. 25. In practice….
  26. 26. Community in action….
  27. 27. Outcomes Rural Developmental Impact Sustainable Livelihoods Promotion Increased Income levels & Living Standards Food & Nutrition Security Access to Resources & Services Positive Impact on the Environment Efficient Natural Resources Management Climate Change Mitigation
  28. 28. Thank you “ The true development of a nation is only when its villages develop “
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