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The english east india company final

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A brief history of the East India Company

A brief history of the East India Company

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    The english east india company final The english east india company final Presentation Transcript

    • THE ENGLISH EAST INDIA COMPANY Presented by: Abhiijit
    • Beginning
      • Company was granted English Royal Charter under the name ‘Governor and Company of Merchants of London’ by Elizabeth-1 on 16 th December 1600AD
      • Main aim was to find a market for English cotton and compete with the Dutch and Spanish Armada over Spices.
    • Arrival in India
      • 1612 AD established factories in Surat with the permission of Emperor Jahangir.
      • They continued their trading activity for a few years from here and later on expanded their area to Chennai, Mumbai and Calcutta.
    • Expansion
      • First Expansion was in 1639 at Chennai.
      • Sir Francis Day along with the company established a Trading Post and St.George fort
    • Expansion….
      • In 1668 The Islands of Mumbai was leased to the British as dowry by the Portuguese.
      • Coastal area provided strategic importance to the Company’s trade.
    • Expansion….
      • In  1690  Job Charnock, an agent of the  British East India Company , established a trading fort nearby named Fort William
      • The British called the settlement Kalikata (Calcutta), an Anglicized version.
    • Three Trading Posts .
    •  
    •  
    • Commercial.
      • The East India Company wasn’t concerned about the local needs.
      • It’s main aim was to make profits.
      • A large chunk of the profits went to the Queen.
      • Thus it’s commercial motive made it a successful business enterprise.
    • Events
      • Battle of Plassey
      • Battle of Buxar
      • Revolt of 1857
      • Anglo-Maratha wars.
    • Battle of Plassey
      • 23 rd June 1757.
      • Against the Nawab of Bengal and it’s French allies.
      • British emerged victorious
    • Robert Clive
      • The EIC’s force of armed guards was growing into an army; Clive joined them as an officer and that a great influence.
      • In 1751 Clive led 500 men against 10,000 French & Indian soldiers and won.
      • Clive led the EIC’s army to victory many more times, forcing the French out and making the East India Company very powerful – it wasn’t the British government taking over India – it was a British business!
    • Battle of Buxar
      • 2 nd October 1764
      • Between forces under British East India Company and Mughal Emperor Shah Alam-2
    • Anglo-Maratha wars
      • Series of three wars starting from 1775 – 1819.
      • The third war was fought between 1817–1819.
      • It gave the British almost the entire control of India.
    • Downfall
      • Shattering Revolt of the Bengal Army in 1857.
      • This laid the base for the end of 231 year trade of the East India Company in India.
      • In 1858 the British Crown assumed the mantle of British Raj.
    • Effect on Administration
      • Civil Service
      • Army
      • Judicial Framework
      • Social
      • Land Revenue policy.
    • Judicial
      • Warren Hastings.
      • Establishment of Judicial courts.
      • Diwani Adalat
      • Nizamat Adalat
      • Sardar Diwani
      • Sardar Nizamat
      • Rule of Law.
    • Social
      • William Bentinck played a vital role in abolishing cruel practices under the name of religion.
      • Assisted by Raja Rammohan Roy
    • Summary
      • Arrival and Expansion
      • Impact on the common man.
      • The Industry culture.
      • Execution and commercial success.
      • Change in the system.
    • Remarkable Enterprise
    • Present Owner:
      • Sanjiv Mehta.
    • References
      • History Textbook of SYJC
      • www.theeastindiacompany.com
      • www.sscnet.ucla.edu/southasia/History/ British /EAco.html
      • www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/.../ East - India - Company
      • www.victorianweb.org/history/empire/ india /eic.html
      • www.fathom.com/course/21701760/session4.html