Retial banking abhay roll no 55


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Retial banking abhay roll no 55

  1. 1. RETAIL BANKING AN INTRODUCTION Retail banking is, however, quite broad in nature - it refers to the dealing ofcommercial banks with individual customers, both on liabilities and assets sides of thebalance sheet. Fixed, current / savings accounts on the liabilities side; and mortgages,loans (e.g., personal, housing, auto, and educational) on the assets side, are the moreimportant of the products offered by banks. Related ancillary services include creditcards, or depository services. Retail banking refers to provision of banking services toindividuals and small business where the financial institutions are dealing with largenumber of low value transactions. This is in contrast to wholesale banking where thecustomers are large, often multinational companies, governments and governmententerprise, and the financial institution deal in small numbers of high value transactions. The concept is not new to banks but is now viewed as an important and attractivemarket segment that offers opportunities for growth and profits. Retail banking and retaillending are often used as synonyms but in fact, the later is just the part of retail banking.In retail banking all the needs of individual customers are taken care of in a well-integrated manner.Today’s retail banking sector is characterized by three basic characteristics: o Multiple products (deposits, credit cards, insurance, investments and securities) o Multiple channels of distribution (call center, branch, internet) o Multiple customer groups (consumer, small business, and corporate). 1
  2. 2. OBJECTIVE OF STUDYThe main objective of study retail banking is:- I. To study retail banking II. To study benefit of retail bankingIII. To study scope of retail bankingIV. To study opportunities of retail banking V. To study features of retail bankingVI. To study different product of retail banking 2
  3. 3. SCOPE OF THE PROJECTo To identify opportunities for retail banking.o To identify the problems normally faced by retail banking.o To identify the benefits of retail banking.o To identify the need of each product of retail banking. LIMITATIONS OF THE PROJECT There may be limitations to this study because the study duration (summerinternship) is very short and it‟s not possible to observe every aspect of Retail banking. 3
  4. 4. COMPANY’S PROFILEAbhyudaya Co-op. Bank Ltd., one of the leading Urban Co-operative Banks in India, inits outlook and approach, has the objective of progress and prosperity of all. From ahumble beginning in January 1964 as a Co-operative Credit society with a share capitalof annually Rs.5,000/- held by 83 members, today Abhyudaya Co-op bank has becomeone of the large Urban Co-operative Banks with a "Scheduled Bank" status. The bank hasbeen converted into a “Multi-State Scheduled Urban Co-op. Bank “i.e. 11th January,2007.The area of operation which was restricted to the State of Maharashtra has now beenextended to Karnataka State. Currently, the capital base of the bank stands at Rs. 45.78corers and Reserves and surpluses at Rs.671.95 corers as on 31.03.2011. The bank has 1,23,011 members and more than 12 lakhs depositors. The Bank has seen a tremendousgrowth in deposits. The deposits of the bank are over Rs. 3174.81 corers as on31.03.2011, which were Rs. 2625.51 corers as at the end of the financial year 2011. Theloans and advances stood at Rs. 1856.39 corers as on 31.03.2011. The bank had posted anet income of Rs. 92.36 corers as on31.03.2011.“The growth rate of the bank compares well with that of others in the sector. The Bankhas maintained a steady growth. The bank has been paying dividend @15% to itsmembers which is maximum permissible as per the MCS Act.The Bank has launched different loan schemes tailor-made to suit the needs of variouscustomers. The schemes aim at providing loans for purchase or construction of residentialpremises, repair/renovation of house property, purchase of car, seeking higher educationand for purchase of household consumer durable. One of the loan schemes, viz. "UdyogVikas Yojana" is specially designed for the benefit of small entrepreneurs andbusinessmen. The procedure for sanctioning of loans under the schemes has beensimplified and relaxed with a view to attract new customers and facilitating speedysanction of loans. 4
  5. 5. The Bank has total 75 branches including a Mobile Bank at Navi Mumbai. Bank iscommitted to spread network of branches throughout the State and provide much neededbanking services to the population, which has been deprived of the banking facilities.Innovative Banking is another area of operation that Abhyudaya is currently focusing onfor a sustainable long term growth. The Bank has always endeavored for providingsatisfactory customer service with the help of the latest technology.The Bank has provided fully computerized services to its valued clients. Bank is offering11 Hours fully computerized services at 15 branches and 24 hours ATM service at 42branchesMilestones:1964- Established as Co-operative Credit Society.1965- Converted into a Bank with one Branch at Abhyudaya Nagar.1985-Inauguration of Bank‟s own Building, Staff Training College and Auditorium atVashi, RBI Permitted the Bank to open and maintain NRI Accounts.1986 - Instituted Educational Prizes to the children of Members and Employees. Became3rd Biggest Urban Co-op. Bank in India.1988 - Became Scheduled Bank.1990 - Inauguration of Bank‟s own Building at New Panvel.1995- Decision to set up “Development Reserve Fund” to undertake special schemes.1997- All Branches fully computerized.1999- Eleven Hours & Sunday Banking started in 16 Branches.2000- ATM installed at 3 branches.2003- Opened 40th Branch with ATM Facility & 11hours and Sunday banking At Lokmanya Nagar (Thane).2004- Started RTGS and NDS Facilities.2006- Merger of Citizen Co-operative Bank Ltd., with 13 branches.2007- Registration of the Bank under “Multi-State” Co-Op Societies Act on11th Jan.2008- Merger of Shri Krishna Co-operative Bank Ltd, Vadodara-Merger of Janata Sahakari Bank, Udupi-Foreign Exchange Department we inaugurated2009-Opened Bhayander branch And Dahisar branch-Opened recovery call centre at Parel 5
  6. 6. RETAIL BANKING “Retail banking is typical mass-market banking where individual customers use localbranches of larger commercial banks. Services offered include: savings and checkingaccounts, mortgages, personal loans, debit cards, credit cards, and so” The Retail Banking environment today is changing fast. The changing customerdemographics demands to create a differentiated application based on scalabletechnology, improved service and banking convenience. Higher penetration oftechnology and increase in global literacy levels has set up the expectations of thecustomer higher than never before. Increasing use of modern technology has furtherenhanced reach and accessibility. The market today gives us a challenge to provide multiple and innovativecontemporary services to the customer through a consolidated window as so to ensurethat the bank‟s customer gets “Uniformity and Consistency” of service delivery acrosstime and at every touch point across all channels. The pace of innovation is acceleratingand security threat has become prime of all electronic transactions. High cost structurerendering mass-market servicing is prohibitively expensive.Present day tech-savvy bankers are now more looking at reduction in their operatingcosts by adopting scalable and secure technology thereby reducing the response time totheir customers so as to improve their client base and economies of scale.The solution lies to market demands and challenges lies in innovation of new offeringwith minimum dependence on branches – a multi-channel bank and to eliminate thedisadvantage of an inadequate branch network. Generation of leads to cross sell andcreating additional revenues with utmost customer satisfaction has become focal pointworldwide for the success of a Bank. 6
  7. 7. BENEFITS OF RETAIL BANKING Traditional lending to the corporate are slow moving along with high NPA risk,treasure profits are now loosing importance hence Retail Banking is now an alternativeavailable for the banks for increasing their earnings.Retail Banking is an attractive market segment having a large number of varied classes ofcustomers.Retail Banking focuses on individual and small units.Customize and wide ranging products are available.The risk is spread and the recovery is good.Surplus deployable funds can be put into use by the banks.Products can be designed, developed and marketed as per individual needs. SCOPE FOR RETAIL BANKING IN INDIAo All round increase in economic activityo Increase in the purchasing power. The rural areas have the large purchasing power at their disposal and this is an opportunity to market Retail Banking.o India has 200 million households and 400 million middleclass population more than 90% of the savings come from the house hold sector. Falling interest rates have resulted in a shift. “Now People Want To Save Less And Spend More.”o Nuclear family concept is gaining much importance which may lead to large savings, large number of banking services to be provided are day-by-day increasing.o Tax benefits are available for example in case of housing loans the borrower can avail tax benefits for the loan repayment and the interest charged for the loan. 7
  8. 8. ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF RETAIL BANKINGADVANTAGESRetail banking has inherent advantages outweighing certain disadvantages. Advantagesare analyzed from the resource angle and asset angle.RESOURCE SIDE o Retail deposits are stable and constitute core deposits. o They are interest insensitive and less bargaining for additional interest. o They constitute low cost funds for the banks. o Effective customer relationship management with the retail customers built a strong customer base. o Retail banking increases the subsidiary business of the banks.ASSETS SIDE o Retail banking results in better yield and improved bottom line for a bank. o Retail segment is a good avenue for funds deployment. o Consumer loans are presumed to be of lower risk and NPA perception. o Helps economic revival of the nation through increased production activity. o Improves lifestyle and fulfils aspirations of the people through affordable credit. o Innovative product development credit. o Retail banking involves minimum marketing efforts in a demand –driven economy. o Diversified portfolio due to huge customer base enables bank to reduce their dependence on few or single borrower o Banks can earn good profits by providing non fund based or fee based services without deploying their funds. 8
  9. 9. DISADVANTAGES o Designing own and new financial products is very costly and time consuming for the bank. o Customers now-a-days prefer net banking to branch banking. The banks that are slow in introducing technology-based products, are finding it difficult to retain the customers who wish to opt for net banking. o Customers are attracted towards other financial products like mutual funds etc. o Though banks are investing heavily in technology, they are not able to exploit the same to the full extent. o A major disadvantage is monitoring and follow up of huge volume of loan accounts inducing banks to spend heavily in human resource department. o Long term loans like housing loan due to its long repayment term in the absence of proper follow-up, can become NPAs. o The volume of amount borrowed by a single customer is very low as compared to wholesale banking. This does not allow banks to exploit the advantage of earning huge profits from single customer as in case of wholesale banking. 9
  10. 10. OPPORTUNITIES OF RETAIL BANKING Retail banking has immense opportunities in a growing economy like India. Asthe growth story gets unfolded in India, retail banking is going to emerge a major driver.The rise of Indian middle class is an important contributory factor in this regard. Thepercentage of middle to high-income Indian households is expected to continue rising.The younger population not only wields increasing purchasing power, but as far asacquiring personal debt is concerned, they are perhaps more comfortable than previousgenerations. Improving consumer purchasing power, coupled with more liberal attitudestowards personal debt, is contributing to India‟s retail banking segment. The combination of above factors promises substantial growth in retail sector, whichat present is in the nascent stage. Due to bundling of services and delivery channels, theareas of potential conflicts of interest tend to increase in universal banks and financialconglomerates. Some of the key policy issues relevant to the retail-banking sector are:financial inclusion, responsible lending, and access to finance, long-term savings,financial capability, consumer protection, regulation and financial crime prevention. 10
  11. 11. CHALLENGES TO RETAIL BANKING IN INDIAo The issue of money laundering is very important in retail banking. This compels all the banks to consider seriously all the documents which they accept while approving the loans.o The issue of outsourcing has become very important in recent past because various core activities such as hardware and software maintenance, entire ATM set up and operation (including cash, refilling) etc., are being outsourced by Indian banks.o Banks are expected to take almost care to retain the ongoing trust of the public.o Customer service should be at the end all in retail banking. Someone has rightly said, “It takes months to find a good customer but only seconds to lose one.” Thus, strategy of Knowing Your Customer (KYC) is important. So the banks are required to adopt innovative strategies to meet customer‟s needs and requirements in terms of services/products etc.o The dependency on technology has brought IT departments‟ additional responsibilities and challenges in managing, maintaining and optimizing the performance of retail banking networks. It is equally important that banks should maintain security to the advance level to keep the faith of the customer.o The efficiency of operations would provide the competitive edge for the success in retail banking in coming years.o The customer retention is of paramount important for the profitability if retail banking business, so banks need to retain their customer in order to increase the market share.o One of the crucial impediments for the growth of this sector is the acute shortage of manpower talent of this specific nature, a modern banking professional, for a modern banking sector 11
  12. 12. If all these challenges are faced by the banks with utmost care and deliberation, the retailbanking is expected to play a very important role in coming years, as in case of othernations. 12
  13. 13. STRATEGIES FOR INCREASING RETAIL BANKING BUSINESSo Constant product innovation to match the requirements of the customer segments The customer database available with the banks is the best source of their demographic and financial information and can be used by the banks for targeting certain customer segments for new or modified product. The banks should come out with new products in the area of securities, mutual funds and insurance.o Quality service and quickness in delivery As most of the banks are offering retail products of similar nature, the customers can easily switchover to the one, which offers better service at comparatively lower costs. The quality of service that banks offer and the experience that clients have, matter the most. Hence, to retain the customers, banks have to come out with competitive products satisfying the desires of the customers at the click of a button.o Introduction of new delivery channels Retail customers like to interface with their bank through multiple channels. Therefore, banks should try to give high quality service across all service channels like branches, Internet, ATMs, etc.o Tapping of unexploited potential and increasing the volume of business This will compensate for the thin margins. The Indian retail banking market still remains largely untapped giving a scope for growth to the banks and financial institutions. With changing psyche of Indian consumers, who are now comfortable with the idea of availing loans for their personal needs, banks have tremendous potential lying in this segment. Marketing departments of the banks be geared up and special training be imparted to them so that banks are successful in grabbing more and more of retail business in the market.o Infrastructure outsourcing This will help in lowering the cost of service channels combined with quality and quickness. 13
  14. 14. o Detail market research Banks may go for detail market research, which will help them in knowing what their competitors are offering to their clients. This will enable them to have an edge over their competitors and increase their share in retail banking pie by offering better products and services.o Cross-selling of products PSBs have an added advantage of having a wide network of branches, which gives them an opportunity to sell third-party products through these branches.o Business process outsourcing Outsourcing of requirements would not only save cost and time but would help the banks in concentrating on the core business area. Banks can devote more time for marketing, customer service and brand building. For example, Management of ATMs can be outsourced. This will save the banks from dealing with the intricacies of technology.o Tie-up arrangements PSBs with regional concentration can reap the benefit of reaching customers across the country by entering into strategic alliance with other such banks with intensive presence in other regions. In the present regime of falling interest and stiff competition, banks are aware that it is finally the retail banking which will enable them to hold the head above water. Hence, banks should make all out efforts to boost the retail banking by recognizing the needs of the customers. It is essential that banks would be imaginative in predicting the customers expectations in the ever-changing tastes and environments. It is the innovative and competitive products coupled with high quality care for clients will only hold the key to success in this area. In short, bankers have to run very fast even to stay where they are now. It is the survival of the fastest now and not only survival of the fittest. 14
  15. 15. SPECIAL FEATURES OF RETAIL CREDIT One of the prominent features of Retail Banking products is that it is a volumedriven business. Further, Retail Credit ensures that the business is widely dispersedamong a large customer base unlike in the case of corporate lending, where the risk maybe concentrated on a selected few plans. Ability of a bank to administer a large portfolioof retail credit products depends upon such factors: o Strong credit assessment capabilityBecause of large volume good infrastructure is required. If the credit assessment itself isqualitative, than the need for follow up in the future reduces considerably. o Sound documentationA latest system for credit documentation is necessary pre-requisite for healthy growth ofcredit portfolio, as in the case of credit assessment, this will also minimize the need tofollow up at future point of time. o Strong possessing capabilitySince large volumes of transactions are involved, today transactions, maintenance ofbackups is required o Regular constant follow- upIdeally, follow up for loan repayments should be an ongoing process. It should start fromcustomer enquiry and last till the loan is repaid fully. o Skilled human resourceThis is one of the most important pre-requisite for the efficient management of large anddiverse retail credit portfolio. Only highly skilled and experienced man power canwithstand the river of administrating a diverse and complex retail credit portfolio. o Technological supportThis is yet another vital requirement. Retail credit is highly technological intensive innature, because of large volumes of business, the need to provide instantaneous service tothe customer large, faster processing, maintaining database, etc. 15
  16. 16. EMERGING ISSUES IN HANDLING RETAIL BANKINGo KNOWING CUSTOMER „Know your Customer‟ is a concept which is easier said than practiced. Banks face several hurdles in achieving this. In order to that the product lines are targeted at the right customers-present and prospective-it is imperative that an integrated view of customers is available to the banks. The benefits flowing out of cross-selling and up-selling will remain a far cry in the absence of this vital input. In this regard the customer databases available with most of the public sector banks, if not all, remain far from being enviable. What needs to be done is setting up of a robust data warehouse where from meaningful data on customers, their preferences, there spending patterns, etc. can be mined. Cleansing of existing data is the first step in this direction. PSBs have a long way to go in this regard.o TECHNOLOGY ISSUES Retail banking calls for huge investments in technology. Whether it is setting up of a Customer Relationship Management System or Establishing Loan Process Automation or providing anytime, anywhere convenience to the vast number of customers or establishing channel/product/customer profitability, technology plays a pivotal role. And it is a long haul. The Issues involved include adoption of the right technology at the right time and at the same time ensuring volumes and margins to sustain the investments. It is pertinent to remember that Citibank, known for its deployment of technology, took nearly a decade to make profits in credit cards. It has also to be added in the same breath that without adequate technology support, it would be well nigh possible to administer the growing retail portfolio without allowing its health to deteriorate. Further, the key to reduction in transaction costs simultaneously with increase in ability to handle huge volumes of business lies only in technology adoption. 16
  17. 17. PSBs are on their way to catch up with the technology much required for the success of retail banking efforts. Lack of connectivity, stand alone models, concept of branch customer as against bank customer, lack of convergence amongst available channels, absence of customer profiling, lack of proper decision support systems, etc., are a few deficiencies that are being overcome in a great way. However, the initiatives in this regard should include creating flexible computing architecture amenable to changes and having scalability, a futuristic approach, networking across channels, development of a strong Customer Information Systems (CIS) and adopting Customer Relationship Management (CRM) models for getting a 360 degree view of the customer.o ORGANIZATIONAL ALIGNMENT It is of utmost importance that the culture and practices of an institution support its stated goals. Having decided to take a plunge into retail banking, banks need to have a well defined business strategy based on the competitive of the bank and its potential. Creation of a proper organization structure and business operating models which would facilitate easy work flow are the needs of the hour. The need for building the organizational capacity needed to achieve the desired results cannot be overstated. This would mean a strong commitment at all levels, intensive training of the rank and file, putting in place a proper incentive scheme, etc. As a part of organizational alignment, there is also the need for setting up of an effective Corporate Marketing Division. Most of the public sector banks have only publicity departments and not marketing setup. A fully fledged marketing department or division would help in evolving a brand strategy, address the issue of alienation from the upwardly mobile, high net worth customer group and improve the recall value of the institution and its products by arresting the trend of getting receded from public memory. The much needed tie-ups with manufacturers/distributors/builders will also facilitated smoothly. It is time to break the myth PSBs are not customer friendly. The attention is to be diverted to vast databases of customers lying with the PSBs till unexploited for marketing. 17
  18. 18. o PRODUCT INNOVATION Product innovation continues to be yet another major challenge. Even though bank after bank is coming out with new products, not all are successful. What is of crucial importance is the need to understand the difference between novelty and innovation? Peter Drucker in his path breaking book: “Management Challenges for the 21st Century” has in fact sounded a word of caution: “innovation that is not in tune with the strategic realities will not work; confusing novelty with innovation (should be avoided), test of innovation is that it creates value; novelty creates only amusement”. The days of selling the products available in the shelves are gone. Banks need to innovate products suiting the needs and requirements of different types of customers. Revisiting the features of the existing products to continue to keep them on demand should not also be lost sight of.o PRICING OF PRODUCT The next challenge is to have appropriate policies in place. The industry today is witnessing a price war, with each bank wanting to have a larger slice of the cake that is the market, without much of a scientific study into the cost of funds involved, margins, etc. The strategy of each player in the market seems to be: „under cutting others and wooing the clients of others‟. Most of the banks that use rating models for determining the health of the retail portfolio do not use them for pricing the products. The much needed transparency in pricing is also missing, with many hidden charges. There is a tendency, at least on the part of few to camouflage the price. The situation cannot remain his way for long. This will be one issue that will be gaining importance in the near future.o PROCESS CHANGES Business Process Re-engineering is yet another key requirement for banks to handle the growing retail portfolio. Simplified processes and aligning them around delivery of customer service impinging on reducing customer touch-points 18
  19. 19. are of essence. A realization has to drawn that automating the inefficiencies will not help anyone and continuing the old processes with new technology would only make the organization an old expensive one. Work flow and document management will be integral part of process changes. The documentation issues have to remain simple both in terms of documents to be submitted by the customer at the time of loan application and those to be executed upon sanction.o ISSUE CONCERNING HUMAN RESOURCES While technology and product innovation are vital , the soft issues concerning the human capital of the banks are more vital. The corporate initiatives need to focus on bringing around a frontline revolution. Though the changes envisaged are seen at the frontline, the initiatives have to really come from the „back end‟. The top management of banks must be seen as practicing what preaches. The initiatives should aim at improved delivery time and methods of approach. There is an imperative need to create a perception that the banks are market-oriented. This would mean a lot of proactive steps on the part of bank management which would include empowering staff at various levels, devising appropriate tools for performance measurement bringing about a transformation – „can‟t do „to‟ can do‟ mind-set change from restrictive practices to total flexible work place, say. By having universal tellers, bringing in managerial controlling work place, provision of intensive training on products and processes, emphasizing, coaching etiquette, good manners and best behavioral models, formulating objective appraisals, bringing in transparency, putting in place good and acceptable reward and punishment system, facilitating the placement of young /youthful staff in front-line defining a new role for front-line staff by projecting them as sellers of products rather than clerks at work and changing the image of the banks from a transaction provider to a solution provider.o RURAL ORIENTATION As of now, action that is taking place on the retail front is by and large confined two metros and cities. There is still a vast market available in rural India, which 19
  20. 20. remains to be trapped. Multinational Corporations, as manufacturers and distributors, have already taken the lead in showing the way by coming out with exquisite products, packaging and promotions, keeping the rural customer in mind. Washing powders and shampoos in Re.1 sachet made available through an efficient network and testimony to the determination of the MNCs to penetrate the rural market. In this scenario, banks cannot lack behind. In particular PSBs, which have a strong rural presence, need to address the needs of rural customers in a big way. These and only these will propel retail growth that is envisaged as a key strategy for portfolio expansion by most of the banks. SOME CRITICAL ISSUESo CUSTOMER SERVICE Customer service is perhaps the most important dimension of retail banking. While most public sector banks offer the same range of service with similar technology/expertise, the level of customer service matters the most in bringing in more business. Perhaps more than the efficiency of service, the approach and attitude towards customers will make the difference. Front line staffs have to be educated in this regard. A scheme of entrusting a group of important customers to the care of each employee/officer with a person to person knowledge and intimacy can be implemented all sundry advices/notices such as Dr. /Cr. advices. TDR maturity advices, etc. whether signed by employees or officers should be identifiable by the name of those signing, and inviting customers to contact them for further assistance in the matter. A customer centered organization has to be built up, whose ultimate goal is to "own" a customer. Focused merchandizing through effective market segmentation is the need of the hour. A first step can be the organization of the various retail branches to enter for different market segments like up market individuals, traders, common customers, etc. 20
  21. 21. For the SIB (Small Industry and Business) sector banks, the focus should be onidentifying efficient units and allocations of loans lo these units. These banksshould try Merchant Banking services en a small scale.With agricultural output growing at a fast rate and mechanization setting in, banksshould try to cater to the credit needs of the people involved in this profession. Awide network is absolutely imperative for this sector.Separate branches/divisions should be opened for traders and similar governmentbusinesses. Special facilities for cash tendered in bulk and immediate issue ofdrafts, by extending facilities like "guarantee bond" system, will go a long way inmitigating problems faced by traders who are the major customers for drafts issue.Provision for cash counting machines in these branches will reduce the monotonyof cashiers and unnecessary delays, thus resulting in better productivity andultimately in improved customer service.The personal segment is however the most important one. With the urban segmentmoving away because of disintermediation and competition from foreign banks,retail banks should focus on the rural/semi-urban areas that hold the maximumpotential. Innovative schemes like "paper-gold" schemes can be introduced. In theurban areas, private banking to affluent customers can be introduced, throughwhich advisory and execution services could be provided for a fee. Foreigncurrency denominated accounts can also be introduced for them.Nationalized banks compare very poorly with the foreign banks when it comes tothe efficiency in services. In order to improve the speed of service the bankshould.Improve the rapport between the controlling offices and the branches to ensurethat decisions arc communicated fast.Make sure that the officials as well as the staff are fully aware of the rules so thatprocessing is faster. 21
  22. 22. o TECHNOLOGY In the current scenario, the importance of technology cannot be understated for retail banks which entail large volumes, large queues and paperwork. But most of the banks are burdened with a large staff strength which cannot be done away with. Besides, in the rural and semi-urban areas, customers will not be at home in an automated, impersonal environment. The objective would be to ensure faster and easier customer service and more usable information, instantly, economically and easily to all those who need it - customers as well as employees. Proper management information systems can also be implemented to aid in superior decision making. Communication technology is especially needed for money transfer between the same city and also between cities. There are inordinate delays in India because of geographical and other factors. Modem technology can make it possible to clear any check anywhere in India within three days. Installation of FAX facilities at all the big branches will facilitate speedy transfer of payment advices. Computerization will be of great help in improving back-office operations. At present, 60% of Indias rural branches can have PCs. These can be used for quick retrieval and report generation. This will also drastically reduce the time bank staffs spend in filling and filing returns. Housekeeping operations can also be speeded up.o PRICE BUNDLING Price bundling is a selling arrangement where several different products are explicitly marketed together to a price that is dependent on the offer. As banks are multi-product firms this strategy is more applicable to retail banking. Price bundling offers several economic and strategic benefits to a bank. It offers economies of, utilization of the existing capacities and reaching wider population of customers. Bank can get the benefits of information and transacting. In the process of extending variety of services, banks are acquiring enormous amount of customer information. If this information is systematically stored, banks can efficiently utilize this information in order to explore new segments and to cross- sell new services to these segments. Cross-selling opportunities and larger 22
  23. 23. customer base can also be the motive for merger against usually stated advantage of cost savings. Price bundling can be used in order to lengthen the relationship with a customer. It will reduce the need of resources to be put on acquiring new customers and saves time of the bank. Among the strategic benefits, price bundling may cause less aggressive competition; it differentiates its products compared to rivals in the same market where the products are sold individually or in other kinds of bundles. Retail banking offers many services and it gives an opportunity to the bank to combine different services in different kinds of bundles. In many cases demand for one service affects the demand for another service, for example current or savings account and payment services are highly related, and here price bundling is a better alternative than individual selling. Banks have to analyze the customer segment and bundle products before applying the pricing strategies. The first step in price bundling decision is to select the customer segment. The bundle is targeted to choose a strategic objective. If there are two products (A and B) that are considered to be bundled together, the comprehensive strategic objectives for the different customer segments are: • Cross-selling to customers that only buy one of the products. • Retaining customers that already buy both of the products. • Acquiring new customers when they buy neither product for the time being.o INNOVATION The scope for innovation in financial services is unlimited. Although banks have introduced a variety of deposit and loan products, the basic features of all these products are almost one and the same. Among the delivery channels, ATMs have emerged as ubiquitous money centers. Almost all banks have established their ATMs. India had only 400 ATMs, which increased to 3,600.It is projected that the number of ATMs will reach up to 35,000 by the end of. The question arises is, are they cash cows? The answer is certainly no. For most of the banks the overhead costs on these ATMs are far higher than the revenue generated by them. ATM operation costs are largely fixed in nature - the cost of the machine, its maintenance, replenishment of currency, and the satellite (network) connection. 23
  24. 24. There should be a minimum number of transactions to cover these costs. Banks have to innovate wide range of services in addition to cash withdrawals. ATMs should allow customers to buy postal and revenue stamps, payment of bills, event tickets, sports tickets, etc. Banks can offer ATM screens for slide show advertising also. However, the advantage of the ATM has always been speed and convenience, probably on introduction of these new services customer has to spend more time at a point. ATMs can guide the customer also. For example, if a customers account balance has reached to bare minimum the ATM can give a helpful suggestion that "we notice your balance is low, can we help with a loan?" ATMs can be either within the premises of a branch or at a remote place. On premises ATMs are highly immune to competition, but branches can reduce the staff, on installation of ATM. The scope for wider services through off-premises ATMs is very high; it provides great opportunity for fee revenue. The cost of maintenance of off-premises ATMs is higher in terms of replenishment, cash couriers, armed security etc. In the US, approximately 23 percent of ATMs are offering sale of postage stamps.o It is the right time for banks to question themselves whether ATM is a service channel, sales channel, or branding opportunity. The future of retail banking lies more in mobile banking. Mobile telephone market is penetrating, and mobile phones are ideal to utilize Internet banking services without customer accesses to PC. By a tacit acceptance India has around three million mobile phone users and this number is expected to reach to eight million by 2003. Smart card revolution will further change the face of retail banking. Smart cards can store information; carry out local processing on the data stored and can perform complex calculations. At present, India has around 3.4 million smart card users and it is estimated that by the end of 2004 it will reach 14.7 million. 24
  25. 25. GROWTH DRIVERS OF RETAIL BANKINGThe growth drivers of retail lending are analyzed as under:MACRO-ECONOMIC FACTORS o Shift in the pattern of GDP from hitherto agriculture and manufacturing sectors to services sector with increase per capita income especially that of the younger generation. [Indias industrial sector accounted for about 21.8% of GDP, where as the services sector accounted for around 56.1 of GDP in 2002-03 as per revised estimates released by Central. Statistical Organization]. o The lower uptake in the non-retail sector has compelled bans to shift their focus on retail assets - specially housing finance- for deployment of funds for a longer period, which is considered as the safest within the retail portfolio. Housing loans and other retail loans are comparatively high yielding in terms of interest spread and safer, as risk is diversified among a large number of individuals across the geographic dimensions. The sector enjoys a privilege of lowest NPAs amongst all categories of banks. o Depressed stock and real estate markets as compared to those prevailing in 1992- 93 to 1995-96 thereby diverting deposits to the banking sectors. o Comparatively stable real estate prices during last 4/5 years have laid to spurt in demand for housing loans. o Inflation continued to be under control. o Keenness shown by the consumer goods/ automobile manufacturers to -push up finance schemes through market tie-up with banks with a view to increasing their marketing share. 25
  26. 26. DEMOGRAPHIC / BEHAVIORAL FACTORSo Growing concept of nuclear families than the joint families necessitating need for housing units as well as other items of consumer durables.o Increased number of dual income families resulting in higher income and savings.o Increased demand for dwelling units due to gradual shift of population from rural/semi-urban centre to urban/metro centre for employment.o Shift in the attitude of the Indian household from "save and buy theory to a `buy and repay principle.o Increased middle-income segment and their income levels.o Emergence of new sectors such as Information Technology, media, etc. In the economy that resulted in higher income opportunities and major impact on change in urban consumption pattern.o Awareness and sophistication in urban and semi-urban households for urban convenience. Social security and status have also contributed to higher demand for housing units, cars, etc. 26
  27. 27. FAVORABLE ROLE OF RBIo Inclusion of housing loans within the priority sector. Direct finance up to Rs.10 - lakhs in case of rural and semi-urban areas now form part of the priority sector advances. This promoted banks to go for housing loans in a big way as it helped them to attain their targets of priority sector lending.o Reduction in risk weight age banks extending loans for acquisition of residential house properties to 50 per cent from 100 per cent. Reduction in Capital Adequacy Ratio requirement has effectively doubled the credit disbursement capacity of banks.o Banks have elongated repayment periods of retail loans years to 50/20 years besides quoting fixed/ variable rate of interests based on their asset liability management structure and study of behavioral pattern of demand and time deposits.o Deregulation of interest rate with option to quote fixed/ variable interest rate.o Continuous reduction in bank rate, which resulted in reduction in lending rates as well.o South ward movement in CRR and SLR ratios increasing lending capacity of banks. 27
  28. 28. CATALYST-ROLE OF GOVERNMENTo Tax exemptions for payment of interest on capital borrowed for purchase/ construction of house property and principle repayment. This made housing finance affordable and within the reach of common man. [It is important to note that the housing sector has been recipient of a large number of fiscal incentives in the last 6`h budgets].o These exemptions also changed the profile of the retail segment from hitherto cash transactions to book transactions.o The Government could not ignore the importance of housing sector in overall development of the economy due to the following factors:o Housing construction activities can generate opportunities for employment. In the present context of jobless GDP growth, this issue assumes important as the housing construction provides massive job opportunities for both unskilled and skilled man power.o Mass construction of houses will result in the benefits of the nation by the way of healthy standard of leaving, motivation to save more and thereby providing sustainable economic recovery.o This would also lead to growth in related industries as well. 28
  29. 29. INITIATIVES ON THE PART OF BANKSo The growth in retail banking has been facilitated by growth in banking technology and automation of banking processes to enable extension of reach and rationalization of costs. ATMs have emerged as an alternative banking channels which facilitate low-cost transactions vis-à-vis traditional branches / method of lending. It also has the advantage of reducing the branch traffic and enables banks with small networks to offset the traditional disadvantages by increasing their reach and spread.o The interest rates on retail loans have declined from a high of 16-18%in 1995-96 to presently in the band of 7.5-9%. Ample liquidity in the banking system and falling global interest rates have also compelled the domestic banks to reduce interest rates of retail lending.o Banks could afford to quote lower rate of interest, even below PLR as low cost [saving bank] and no cost [current account] deposits contribute more than 1/3rd of their funds [deposits].The declining cost of incremental deposits has enabled the Banks to reduce their interest rates on housing loans as well as other retail segments loans.o Easy and affordable access to retails loans through a wide range of options / flexibility. Banks even finance cost of registration, stamp duty, society charges and other associated expenditures such as furniture and fixtures in case of housing loans and cost of registration and insurance, etc. in case of auto loans.o Offering retail loans for short term, 3 years and long term ranging term ranging from 15/20 years as compared to their earlier 5-7 years only.o Making financing attractive by offering free / concessional / value added services like issue of credit card, insurance, etc.o Continuous waiver of processing fees / administration fees, prepayment charges, the Banks. As of now, the cost of retail lending is restricted to the interest costs. 29
  30. 30. RETAIL BOOM Keeping pace with the average 8.5 per cent growth of the Indian economy overthe past few years, the retail banking sector in India has also witnessed phenomenalgrowth. It has faced up to the need of the hour and introduced anytime, anywherebanking, for its customers through ATMs, mobile and internet banking. It has alsooffered services like D-MAT, plastic money (credit and debit cards), online transfers, etc.This has not only helped in reducing operational costs but facilitated greaterconveniences to its customers. o High-Tech Banking ATMs - With growing technological innovations, banks have significantly expanded their ATM network over the past three years. According to the RBI data as of end-June 2010, the number of ATMs in the country had climbed to 56,314 compared to 37,088 and 20,267 as at end-March 2009 and 2008, respectively. o Loan disbursement Technology has facilitated the growth in retail loan disbursements, making the whole process simpler and faster. The sector has delivered a growth of around 30 per cent per year over the past 4-5 years. As per the RBI data, although the retail portfolio of banks saw a slowdown to 29.9 per cent during 2010-09 from 40.9 per cent in 2008-09, the growth was faster than the overall credit portfolio of the banking sector (28.5 per cent). o Plastic Money Credit cards have also played an important role in promoting retail banking. The use of credit cards has been growing significantly over the last few years. The number of credit cards outstanding at the end- June 2010 stood at 27.02 million as against 24.39 million in June 2009, with usage increasing by 10.73 per cent during this period. 30
  31. 31. o Core Banking Solutions (CBS) The concept of CBS, which allows a customer to fulfill a wide range of banking operation online, has come alive during the past four years. The number of bank branches providing CBS rose rapidly to 44 per cent at end- March 2010 from 28.9 per cent at end March 2009. Electronic fund transfer facilities and mobile banking are expected to provide a further fillip to the retail banking in the coming years. The reasons for this shift to retail, particularly the housing finance segment, are many. The important among these include :-o The poor credit off take to the corporate, commercial and other business sector because of industrial slowdown.o Risky nature of lending to corporate, given in industry recession and uncertainty prevalent in the economy.o High disintermediation pressure, leading many highly rated corporate to tap the domestic and/or overseas markets directly for finance, rather than approaching the banks.o Relatively safe nature of some of the retail credit finance with lesser incidence of loan turning bad.o Rising disposable income, changing lifestyles/aspirations and willingness to spend for more luxuries of the higher middle class.o Better availability of loans, because of the consultancy lowering interest rates, as a result of the low interest regime followed by the regulating authorities, the housing loans interest rates hailed to almost 7.5 – 14% in last 5 years.o Increased government incentives in form of tax rebates etc. in the case of certain loans like housing loans.o Banks are aware with abundant reserve requirement by RBI, they are searching revenues for packing the surplus funds. 31
  32. 32. FUTURE OF RETAIL BANKING Retail banking has significant past and glorious future over the years. Retailbanking has proved as an effective tool not only to improve the bottom lines of the banksconcerned but also to significantly contribute to the development of the individualconsumers availing the services or products in particular and to the overall developmentof the society in general with the needs of the consumers ever multiplying. There isdefinitely a vast scope for the furtherance of the Retail Banking business.The society is made of the individuals and the environment surrounding him. Asdevelopment takes place in the society, the needs of the people grow faster than ever.The wealth creation and its professional management are yet another distinct advantagethe society or nation can derive from Retail Banking. The depth of the untappedresources in the retail segment is not yet measured. These resources could bechannelized for nation building.On the whole, looking ahead, the prospects of retail banking are brighter than ever andthe bankers have to give continued thrust to this area of banking. Thus, with theconsumers ever multiplying needs there is definitely a vast scope for the furtherance ofthe retail banking business. Operationally, there is a possibility that technology gobeyond merely reducing the cost & improving the quality of current products. It mayprove possible, even profitable, to combine functions in new ways. 32
  33. 33. Retail banking in retail stores way… AS IS / BEFORE TO BE /NOWPRIORITY Credit & Risk Customers & retailingAPPROACH Secure & conventional location Customer centric retail for financial transactions banking (Banks dictate terms) (Customer is King)CUSTOMER BASE Corporation & other banks Retail consumers, corporate clients, other banksFORMATS Single Entity Multi-location, multi branchMORE EMPHASIS Improving transactional Providing service andON efficiency value to consumersCUSTOMIZATION Rarely there Highly customized 33
  34. 34. ABHYUDAYA BANKPRODUCT AT GLANCEACCOUNTS & DEPOSITS o Current Account o Saving Accounts o Fixed Deposits o Recurring Deposits o Young Stars Savings Account o No Frills Account 34
  35. 35. CURRENT ACCOUNTCurrent Account is primarily meant for businessmen, firms, companies, publicenterprises etc. that have numerous daily banking transactions.Current Accounts are cheque operated accounts meant neither for the purpose of earninginterest nor for the purpose of savings but only for convenience of business hence theyare non-interest bearing accounts.In a Current Account, a customer can deposit any amount of money any number of times.He can also withdraw any amount as many times as he wants, as long as he has funds tohis credit.Generally, a higher minimum balance as compared to Savings Account is required to bemaintained in Current account.The following are the important features of current account: o Current account indicates deposits always payable on demand. Hence they are called demand deposits. o There is no restriction on the number and amount of withdrawals from this account. o Banks insist on the maintenance of certain minimum balance on current account. If the balance goes below this amount, the bank has a right to close that account o Generally no interest is paid on money deposited in this type of account. Recently, banks have started giving lower interest on this account. o Overdraft facilities are given in case of current accounts only. o Current account suits the requirements of businessmen, joint stock companies, institutions, societies, public authorities and public corporations etc. whose banking transactions happen to be numerous on every working day. 35
  36. 36. o All banking services are made available to current account holders are reasonable service charges. o Banks are given full freedom to decide the rules and regulations regarding the operation of current account. SAVINGS BANK ACCOUNTSavings Bank Accounts are meant to promote the habit of saving among the citizenswhile allowing them to use their funds when required.The main advantage of Savings Bank Account is its high liquidity and safety. On top ofthat Savings Bank Account earns moderate interest too.The rate of interest is decided and periodically reviewed by the Government of India.Presently, the rate of interest is 4 % compounded half yearly.The following are the main features of this account: o As the name indicates, these accounts are opened for the purpose of mobilizing savings. These accounts are meant to encourage savings and to develop the habit of thrift. It aims at checking extravagance of the peoples. This account may be joint or single. o Though money can be deposited in this account as often as the depositor wishes, it cannot be withdrawn more than twice or thrice a week. At present 25 withdrawals are permitted quarterly by most of the banks. Rules in this regard may vary from bank to bank and from time to time. o This account can be opened by depositing nominal amount. o The rate of interest payable by the banks on this account is generally prescribed by the Central Bank of the country. It is generally 4% to 5%. o Money from this account can be withdrawn by cheques or by using bank‟s withdrawal slips. 36
  37. 37. o No limit is prescribed in India for the maximum amount that may be held in a saving bank account. But banks in India allow interest on a maximum balance of Rs. One lakhs only in one account.o Savings account is not given overdraft facilities like current account.o This account is more suitable to salary earners, wages earners and persons of limited means.o Usual banking services are provided to savings bank account holders. This account is meant for all those who want to build up personal savings for meeting emergencies and contingencies.o Initial Deposit for opening Savings Bank Account & minimum balance to be maintained in the account: With Cheque Book Facility - Rs.1,000/- Without Cheque Book Facility - Rs. 500/ 37
  38. 38. FIXED DEPOSIT ACCOUNTA Fixed Deposit also known as a Term Deposit is an account which allows us to depositmoney for a fixed time period. When the deposit period elapses, the depositors getinterest on the amount deposited. The fixed deposit interest rates can be as high as 9.5%or more.The following are the features of fixed deposit account: o Fixed deposits are deposits received for a fixed period specified in advance. No withdrawal is allowed during this period. Therefore they are called time deposits. o The depositor is neither given a cheque book nor a pass book. Withdrawal of interest or principle through cheque is not permitted. The depositor gets a fixed deposit receipt, acknowledging the receipt o a sum of money specified therein. o The fixed deposit receipt is non-transferable. It is not a saleable asset. o The depositor gets attractive rate of interest on money deposited in this account. The rate of interest allowed varies with the period. The longer the period of deposit, the higher the rate of interest. Interest is paid half- yearly. o If the depositor is in need of money before the due date, he can borrow from the same bank against the security of his fixed deposit receipt. of course, he has to pay a slightly higher rate of interest. In India, the directive of the Reserve Bank of India requires the banks to charge a minimum of 1% above the rate payable on such deposits. o Individuals, firms or companies with surplus money may invest their idle funds profitably in this account. The person who want safety of funds and steady return, deposit money in this account. These deposits are called earning assets. 38
  39. 39. o Some of the leading banks transfer funds in excess of some minimum amount from Current Account to Time Deposit so that the accountholder gets income on the same.o According to recent Reserve Bank circular, the Time deposits can be kept even for a period of seven days for the amount in excess of 15 lakhs and above. 39
  40. 40. RECURRING DEPOSIT ACCOUNTUnder a Recurring Deposit account (RD account), a specific amount is invested in bankon monthly basis for a fixed rate of return. The deposit has a fixed tenure, at the end ofwhich the principal sum as well as the interest earned during that period is returned to theinvestor. Recurring Bank Account provides the element of compulsion to save at highrates of interest applicable to Term Deposits along with liquidity to access those savingsany time. Since a recurring deposit offers a fixed rate of return, it does not provideprotection against inflation.The notable features of this type of account are as follows: o This type of account is the latest innovation with most of the banks in India. Banks have introduced this scheme with the object of affording convenience and incentive to small depositors for savings. o A depositor opening a recurring deposit account is required to deposit an amount chosen by him, generally a multiple of Rs. 5/- or Rs. 10/- in his account every month for a period selected by him. The period of recurring deposit varies from bank to bank generally between two to ten years. o The rate of interest given on recurring account stands favorably as compared with the savings bank account because the former partly resembles the fixed deposit account. o As in savings bank account, the customer is furnished a passbook. The passbook ordinarily is to accompany each installment as and when it falls due. The accountholder can give a standing order to deduct installments from his savings bank account in the bank o At the expiry of the period, the depositor gets a lump sum representing the installments and handsome interest on his savings. o In case depositor needs money before the due date he may borrow up to 90% of the amount in the account at the prevailing rate of interest. 40
  41. 41. o Recurring deposit accounts are transferable from one branch to another without charge. o The recurring deposit account can be opened by any person, more than one person jointly or severally, by a guardian in the name of a minor and even by a minor. YOUNG STARS SAVINGS ACCOUNTThe Bank introduce a special account for young star saving account. which eligibilitywas student up to age 14 to 21 yearsInterest applicable to saving accounts i.e. 4% p.a. 41
  42. 42. NO FRILLS ACCOUNT (SB – NF A/C)This account opened under SB-NF Account Scheme is a simplified saving bankaccount providing the basic saving bank facilities to customers belonging tofinancially weaker sections.WHO CAN OPEN AN ACCOUNT:Only the resident individuals from weaker sections of the economy who are unable toopen regular savings account are provided the facility to open this account in asingle or joint names and avail banking services.MINIMUM INITIAL DEPOSIT/MINIMUM BALANCE:Minimum balance – Rs.50/-No service charges for failure to maintain minimum balance. RATE OF INTEREST:As per regular Savings Bank Account i.e. @4.0% p.a.OTHER TERMS AND CONDITIONS :i) No cheque booksii) Only 4 withdrawals per monthiii) Maximum amount to be withdrawn shall not exceed Rs.5000/- at a time andRs.15,000/- in a monthiv) Charges for cheques deposited in the account but returned unpaid will be as perregular Saving Bank Accountv) Operation in such account will not be permitted if balance in all accounts of individualexceeds Rs.50,000/- or total credits exceeds Rs.100,000/- in a year till full formalities of KYS are compiled. 42
  43. 43. LOANSPersonal loanHousing loanEducation loanMortgage loanVehicle loanAgainst Gold ornamentsAgainst Govt. Securities 43
  44. 44. PERSONAL LOAN Purpose : 1. Purchase of Consumer Durables / Furniture / Fixtures / Computers 2. Repairs / Renovations of Flat / House 3. Purchase of 2 wheelers 4. Purchase of Gold Ornaments 5. Marriage & other religious ceremonies 6. Domestic / Foreign Tours & Travels 7. Repayment of existing debt8. Takeover of personal loan from other banks9. Medical expenses for self / family members etc.Maximum Amount : Rs.2.00 Lakh Eligibility : Salaried Persons :(a) Minimum take home pay after EMI amount of loan Rs.4,500/- and net salary aboveRs.7,000 /-p.m.Repayment :Up to 60 installmentsRate of Interest : 14.50%[ With 50% Collateral securities 14.00% ] Sureties :(A) Employees of Limited companies / Large organizations / Govt. Employees :With SDL / ECS facility :up to Rs.1.00 Lakh One Surety with Net Salary of Rs.7,000/- and aboveAbove Rs.1.00 Lakh to Rs. 2.00 Lakh Two Sureties with Net Salary of Rs. 6,000/- andaboveWithout SDL / ECS facility :up to Rs.50,000/- One Surety with net salary of Rs.7,000/- and aboveAbove Rs.50,000/- to Rs.2,00,000/- Two Sureties with net salary of Rs.6,000/- and above 44
  45. 45. (B) Persons employed in reputed companies / organizations :Up to Rs.25,000/- One Surety with net salary of Rs.7,000/- and aboveAbove Rs.25,000/- up to Rs.2,00,000/- Two Surety with net salary of Rs.6,000/- andabove(C) If the borrower is a businessman and employees of other organization with goodrepaying capacity and owning a house :Two sureties with net salary of Rs.6,000/- and above. Service Charges : 1.2% of amount sanctioned Share Amount : 1% of the amount sanctioned subject to min. Rs.1,000/- 45
  46. 46. HOUSING LOAN Purpose : Purchase of new flat and construction of house or purchase of old flat / house including extension to existing flat / house Maximum Amount : "Loans up to Rs.15.00 Lakh - 90% Above Rs.15.00 Lakh up to Rs.20.00 Lakh - 85% Above Rs.20.00 Lakh up to Rs.50.00 Lakh - 80%of the Agreement Value+Stampduty+Registration Charges or MarketValue whichever is less".Repayment : Up to 180 installments for all [ maximum ] Rate of Interest :( Effective from 01-01-2011)• 10 % (Floating) in case of Loans up to Rs.20.00 Lakh• 10.5 % (Floating) Loan Sactioned above Rs. 20 Lakh & up to Rs 50 Lakh Sureties : For loans up to Rs.20.00 Lakh:- One Surety with Net Income/Salary aboveRs.10,000/- per month For loans above Rs.20.00 Lakh:- Two Sureties, with Net Income/Salary aboveRs.10,000/- or per month One Surety with Net Income/Salary above Rs.20,000/- per monthPurchase of Flats in Building more than 15 years old :For purchase of flat in Building which is more than 15 years old, loan will be consideredonly if it is certified by the 46
  47. 47. Structural Engineer that the residual life of the building is more than 20 years and thebuilding is in good condition. Service Charges :Service charges 0.60% of the loan amt. Share Amount :Up to Rs.20.00 Lakh :- 1% of the Loan amount sanctioned or Rs.2,500/-Above Rs.20.00 Lakh :- Rs.5,000/- 47
  48. 48. EDUCATIONAL LOAN Purpose : For education in India and abroad Maximum Amount : For studies in India Rs.10.00 lakhs For studies in abroad Rs.20.00 lakhs Students Eligibility : An Indian National, who has secured admission to eligible course. The loan will be sanctioned to the parents of the student and the student will be Co-BorrowerEligible Course :Studies in India :Diploma / Graduation / Post-Graduation / Medical / Technical / Professional courses invarious disciplines.Computer Certificate courses in reputed institute accredited to the Dept.of Electronics.and for Pilot Training.Studies Abroad :For job oriented Professional / Technical / Medical courses offered by reputedUniversities.MCA, MBA, MS etc. Courses conducted by CIMA, London, CPA in USA etc.Expenses considered for Loan :Fees / Exam fees / Cost of Books / Equipments / Uniform etc. / Hostel Expenses /Caution Deposit and Travel Expenses / Passage for student studying abroad will also beconsidered. 48
  49. 49. Eligibility:Up to 100% of total course fees.Repayment :Moratorium period : Duration of the course + 6 months.EMI : Maximum 60 months after Moratorium periodRate of Interest : (Floating):For Girl Students :a) Up to Rs. 10.00 Lakh - 10.00%b) Above Rs. 10.00 Lakh – 10.50%For Others:a) Up to Rs. 10.00 Lakh - 11.00%b) Above Rs. 10.00 Lakh – 11.50% Sureties : Unsecured Loans Up to Rs.4.00 Lakh: - Two sureties net salary / income aboveRs.10,000/- p.m. Secured Loans above Rs.4.00 Lakh: – One surety net salary / income aboveRs.10,000/- p.m. And Collateral security 100% of the sanction limit in the form of Equitable Mortgageof residential flat and/or pledge of tangible securities such as NSC / LIP / FDR / RBI Bonds equivalent to atleast 100% of the sanctioned limit. Share Amount 1% of the Loan amount sanctioned, subject to min.Rs.1,000/- & Max.Rs.2,500/-. Service Charges : 1.2% of amount sanctioned 49
  50. 50. MORTGAGE LOAN Purpose : The loan amount can be used for any purpose but shall not be used for purposes prohibited by law. The property should be in the name of Applicant or Co- applicant of family member Maximum Amount: (a) Rs.20 lakhs to Individuals / Self employed persons / Professionals. (b) Rs.100.00 lakhs to business enterprises and self employed and Professional for use inbusiness against own Flat / House / Gala / Office / Factory Premises, etc. kept inmortgage. Repayment : Up to 84 months Eligibility:Amount of loan will depend on repaying capacity / DSCR / Loan to the extent of 60 % ofthe present value of the property.Rate of Interest :14.00%Sureties:One surety of good means acceptable to the bankService Charges :1.2 % of the sanctioned amountShare Amount :2.5 % of the sanctioned amount 50
  51. 51. VEHICLES LOAN Purpose : Purchase of Private / Commercial Vehicles (New or Used) Maximum amount, Eligibility For Private Vehicles (New) (a) Max Rs.10.00 Lakh (b) 30 times net salary (c) 3 times of average net profit / net income p.a. for Businessman (d) 80% of cost of vehicleFor Private Vehicles (Used)(a) Max Rs.3.00 Lakh(b) 30 times net salary(c) 2 times of average Net Profit / Net Income p.a. for Businessman(d) 60% of valuation / agreement value whichever is lower For Commercial Vehicles (New)(a) Max Rs.10.00 Lakh(b) 5 times of average Net Profit / Net Income p.a.(c) 80% of cost of vehicle For Commercial Vehicles (Used)(a) Max Rs.3.00 Lakh(b) 2 times of average Net Profit / Net Income p.a.(c) 50% of valuation / agreement value whichever is lower Rate of Int.:Repayable in 36 EMIs or Less - 11.50%Repayable above 36 EMIs Up to 60 EMIs - 12.50% Repayment : Up to 60 installments 51
  52. 52. Sureties :(A) For Private Four Wheelers / Two Wheelers :One Surety (salaried family member to be considered) with Net Salary / Income of Rs.10,000/- and above(B) For Commercial Vehicles :Two sureties with Net Salary / Income of Rs.10,000/- and aboveService Charges :1.2% of the sanctioned amountShare Amount :Private Vehicle: - Rs.1,000/-Other Vehicles:-1.5 % of the sanctioned amount. 52
  53. 53. LOAN AGAINST GOLD ORNAMENTS Purpose : The loan amount can be used for any purpose but shall not be used for the purposes prohibited by law Maximum Amount : Rs. 5.00 Lakh Repayment : 12 / 24 months Sureties : NIL Service Charges : NIL Other Charges : Nominal Membership Gold Appraisal Charges Document Stamp Charges Rate of Int. : 11.50 % (Floating ) 53
  54. 54. LOAN / SECURED OVERDRAFT AGAINST GOVT. SECURITIES Purpose : The Loan / Overdraft amount can be used for any purpose but shall not used for purposes prohibited by law Maximum Amount: (A) Against NSC/ KVP/ & RBI Bonds (Own): • up to 2 years old :70% of accrued value • above 2 years to 4 years old : 75% of accrued value • above 4 years : 85% of accrued value(B) Loan Against KVP: 90% of Accrued value(c) SOD Against NSC / KVP / RBI Bonds : 80% of Accrued value.(d) Loan/SOD against LIC Policy (Own): 90% of surrender value.• Max. 60 installments• 3 years for overdraft to be reviewed on yearly basis Repayment :• Max. 60 installments• 3 years for overdraft to be reviewed on yearly basisSecurities :Assignment & Pledge of NSC/ KVP/RBI Bonds or of LIC Policies (Own). Rate of Int. :11.50 % (Floating) 54
  55. 55. Sureties :NILService Charges :(a) Loans - Nil(b) Secured Overdraft – Rs.100/- 55
  56. 56. THE LOAN PROCESS FLOW IN ABHYUDAYA BANK IS AS FOLLOWS:Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5Pre-Qualifying Application Processing Underwriting Closing>> Preliminary >> Fill out >> Credit >> Loan >> Signingdetermination loan check. goes to for documentsof borrowing application. approval. drawn.capacity and >> Appraisalcredit history >> Gathering of property. >> All >> Documents documents conditions sent to title from >> Title prescribed company. applicant. search. in credit policy are >> Buyers >> Consent >> met. bring in money letter from Employment and sign surety. & residential >> Loan is documents. history approved. complied. >> Title company >> records deed. Verification of financial >> Escrow is reserves. now closed. >> Compiling >> Buyers get industrial visit keys to report. property. 56
  57. 57. THE NERUL BRANCH (ABHUYDAYA BANK) DATA ANALYSIS CURRENT ACCOUNT (No. of accounts) Current Account 13200 13180 13160 13140 13120 13100 13080 Current Account 13060 13040 13020 13000 12980 2009 2010 2011Data Analysis:-From Above chart we see the number of Current account open during the year.In year 2009 there is 13053 account open, in year 2010 there is 13143 account open, andin year 2011 there is 13174 account open.From above we see that there is increasing in opening of Current accounts.Reasons for increasing:The Branch location nearest to railway stationNerul,Navi-mumbai , developing at very fast so retail shops, or business was increasing.They provides good services.Timing of branch.A customer can deposit any amount of money any number of timesFree account statement provide by bank to customer. 57
  58. 58. SAVING ACCOUNT (No. of Accounts)Data Analysis:-From Above chart we see the number of saving account open during the year.In year 2009 there is 11298 account open, in year 2010 there is 15850 account open, andin year 2011 there is 20150 account open.From above we see that there is increasing in opening of saving accounts.Reasons for increasing:The Branch location nearest to railway stationThey provides good servicesThe ATM card ,internet banking,cheque book,debit card etc.provide by bank to customer. 58
  59. 59. FIXED DEPOSITS ACCOUNTS (No. of Accounts)Chart Analysis:-From Above chart we see the number of Fixed Deposit account open during the year.In year 2009 there is 1260 account open, in year 2010 there is 1785 account open, and inyear 2011 there is 1965 account open.From above we see that there is increasing in opening of Fixed Deposit account.Reasons for increasing:The Branch location nearest to railway stationThey provides good servicesThe interest rates are high given by bank from year 2010 59
  60. 60. YOUTH ACCOUNT (No. of Accounts) Youth Account 80 70 60 50 40 Youth Account 30 20 10 0 2009 2010 2011Chart Analysis:-From Above chart we see the number of young star saving account open during the year.In year 2009 there is 49 account open, in year 2010 there is 58 account open, and in year2011 there is 74 account open.From above we see that there is increasing in opening of young star saving account.Reasons for increasing:The Branch location nearest to railway stationThey provides good servicesThey provides saving account interest rate 60
  61. 61. HOUSING LOAN (No. of loan taken) Housing Loan 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 Housing Loan 15 10 5 0 2009 2010 2011Data analysis :From above chart we see that there is increasing in housing loanIn year 2009there is 5 customer loans taken , in year 2010 there is 25 customer loantaken, in year 2011 there is 45 customer taken a loan .Is due to more development take place in nerul,Navi-mumbai.The bank introduce flexible interest rateThe bank provide good housing loan policies 61
  62. 62. SECURED LOAN ( MORTGAGE LOAN) (No. of loan taken) Secured Loan 45 40 35 30 25 20 Secured Loan 15 10 5 0 2009 2010 2011Data analysis :From above chart we see that there is increasing in secured loanIn year 2009there is 20 customer loans taken , in year 2010 there is 32 customer loantaken, in year 2011 there is 41 customer taken a loanIs due to more development take place in nerul,Navi-mumbai.The bank introduce flexible interest rateThe bank provide good housing loan policies 62
  63. 63. SURETY LOAN (PERSONAL,EDUCATION,VEHICLE LOAN) (No. of loan taken) Surety Loan 120 100 80 60 Surety Loan 40 20 0 2009 2010 2011Data analysis :From above chart we see that there is increasing in Surety Loan in year 2010.but year2011 there is decreasing .in year 2009 there is 89 customer loan taken ,in year 2010 thereis 99 customer taken loan and in year 2011 there is 80 customer loan taken.that there is increasing because :-Is due to more development take place in nerul,Navi-mumbai.The bank introduce flexible interest rateThe bank provide good loan policiesColleges are developed in Navi-mumbai areathat there is decreasing because :-Vehicle loan is affecting day by day because of increasing petrol and diesel pricesincreasing. 63
  64. 64. LOAN AGAIN GOVERNMENT SECURITIS (No. of loan taken) Loan again Government securitis 45 40 35 30 25 20 Loan again Government securitis 15 10 5 0 2009 2010 2011Data analysis :From above chart we see that there is little bit increasing in Loan again Governmentsecurities in year 2011.Up to year 2009 the government gives higher rate of interest on bonds. But after year2009 the government gives less rate of interest as compare to bank so public slowlyreduce their saving.It effect on Loan again Government securities. 64
  65. 65. GOLD LOANS 24 MONTH (No. of loan taken) Gold Loans 24 month 120 100 80 60 Gold Loans 24 month 40 20 0 2009 2010 2011Data analysis :From above chart we see that there is increasing in Gold loan(24 month) in year 2011 ascamper to year year 2009 there is78 customer taken a loan, in year 2010 there is64 customer taken a loan, in year 2011 there is 109 customer taken a loanDue to following reasons:-Location nearest to nerul station.Is due to more development take place in nerul,Navi-mumbai.The bank introduce flexible interest rateThe bank provide good housing loan policies 65
  66. 66. BULLET GOLD LOAN 12 MONTH (No. of loan taken) Bullet Gold Loan 12 month 160 140 120 100 80 Bullet Gold Loan 12 60 month 40 20 0 2009 2010 2011Data analysis :From above chart we see that there is increasing in Gold loan(12month) in year 2011In year 2011 141 customer taken a loan which will highest as compared to last two year.Due to following reasons:-Location nearest to nerul station.Is due to more development take place in nerul,Navi-mumbai.The bank introduce flexible interest rateThe bank provide good housing loan policies 66
  67. 67. ON END OF YEAR 31ST MARCH 2011 BANK PROFIT/LOSS:- (AMT.IN LAKH) Profit/loss Profit/loss 800 700 600 500 400 678.77 655.72 300 518.12 200 100 0 2009 2010 2011Data analysis :From above chart we see that in year 2009 the bank made profit of Rs.678.77 lakhs, butin 2010 the bank made loss as camper with two years i.e. Rs.518.12 lakhs. In year 2011the bank increasing profit Rs. 655.72 lakhs.In year 2010 the bank has low profit because of bank change their infrastructure and alsopay liabilities that incurred by branch in year 2010. 67
  68. 68. OTHER SERVICESThe bank provide following services:- o Collection of Cheques, Bills and promissory Notes o Issuing Letter of Credit o Bank Drafts o ATM o Debit Card o Credit Card o Tele-Banking o Internet Banking o DEMAT 68
  69. 69. SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONo The bank should developed more product so retail customer take advantage of that.o The bank should update their technology.o Ask people who have experiences with retail banking in several countries about their opinion.o Today bank is more depend on internet so update product on net. 69
  70. 70. CONCLUSIONSRetail banking is the fastest growing sector of the banking industry with the key successby attending directly the needs of the end customers is having glorious future in comingyears.Retail banking sector as a whole is facing a lot of competition ever since financial sectorreforms were started in the country. Walk-in business is a thing of past and banks arenow on their toes to capture business. Banks therefore, are now competing for increasingtheir retail business.There is a need for constant innovation in retail banking. This requires productdevelopment and differentiation, micro-planning, marketing, prudent pricing,customization, technological up gradation, home / electronic / mobile banking, effectiverisk management and asset liability management techniques.While retail banking offers phenomenal opportunities for growth, the challenges areequally discouraging. How far the retail banking is able to lead growth of bankingindustry in future would depend upon the capacity building of banks to meet thechallenges and make use of opportunities profitably.However, the kind of technology used and the efficiency of operations would provide themuch needed competitive edge for success in retail banking business. Furthermore, in allthese customer interest is of chief importance. The banking sector in India is representingthis and I do hope they would continue to succeed in this traded path. 70
  71. 71. BIBLIOGRAPHYBandgar, P.K., Principles and practice of banking and insurance, Vipul Prakashan5,page no.3 to40Byrne, John. “Rx for Banking’s Environmental Itch.” ABA BankingJournal. Vol. 89 No. 2 (February 1997). Page no.. 59.Banerjee, Bhabaotosh, Capital Structure in Public Enterprises: The Role of Bankingand Financial Institutions: An Analysis, Journal of Accounting and Finance, Vol.III, No. 1, Spring 1989.Money and banking and credit management, page no.75 76 77 104 105 109Retail banking page no.1 to 60Abhyudaya bank annual report 2009-2010 71
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