The Players, the Assumptions and the Tensions in Community-Based Natural Resource Management (by Dereje Tadesse)

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The Players, the Assumptions and the Tensions in Community-Based Natural Resource Management: a look at theory and practice through three case studies in Ethiopia. Presentation given at ACES, June …

The Players, the Assumptions and the Tensions in Community-Based Natural Resource Management: a look at theory and practice through three case studies in Ethiopia. Presentation given at ACES, June 2010

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  • 1. The Players, the Assumptions and the Tensions in Community-Based Natural Resource Management: a look at theory and practice through three case studies in Ethiopia
    • Supervisors:
      • Dr. Anke Fischer
      • Dr. Lorna J. Philip
      • Dr. Natasha S. Mauthner
      • Dr. Michelle A. Pinard
    • Advisor: Prof. Steve Redpath
    16 June 2010, Aberdeen Dereje Tadesse Wakjira PhD Research Project, Nine Month Progress Report
  • 2. Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM)
    • Alternative approach to centralized CPR governance
    • Overlap with other political processes
      • Politics of decentralization, citizen participation
    • Assumes local level institutions are:
      • Capable of regulating, coordinating and negotiating (vertically and horizontally)
  • 3. Local Institutions 1. Biodiversity 1. Development 2. Intern. conventions 3. Maintaining Power
    • Secured rights
    • Livelihoods
    NGO CBO Line Depts. Key Players in Common Pool Resource Management
  • 4. CBNRM in Ethiopia
      • Highland (>1500 m.a.s.l) cover about 44% of the country’s land cover & 2/3 Africa's highland
      • 88% of the human population live in this region (~80 million)
      • CI hotspot – Afromontane Habitat
      • State owned - common pool resources
      • In the past ten years CBNRM has been piloted in different places in the country mainly by NGOs
      • Recently the government of Ethiopia adopt CBNRM to its policy
      • Slow process and weak local institutions are the concern
  • 5. Aims of the study
    • Overall aim:
    • To understand how and why local context (e.g., formal and informal institutions) challenges the implementation of policies that strive for decentralized natural resource management.
    • Methodology:
    • Three case studies
    • Mixed methods
  • 6. Study Site 1: Guassa
    • Afroalpine grassland above 3200 -3700 masl
    • Managed by traditional institutions before 1974 for grazing and Grass ( Festuca sp.) harvesting for thatching
    • Communally managed by nine peasant association after 1975
    • FZS and local gov’t provide support since 2000 – home of endemic plant and animal species
    • The institutions nested within the lower local government.
    • ~8000 ha
  • 7. Study Site 2: Dinsho
    • Fragmented dry Afro-montane forest
    • Located within three peasant associations at three different localities
    • De jure State property since 1974
    • Source of domestic wood and grazing land for local people
    • Open access with limited or no regulation
    • FZS started to support for CBNRM building
    • ~ 2500 ha
  • 8. Study Site 3: Harenna Forest
    • Montane moist forest
    • Used locally for beekeeping, seasonal grazing and fore3st coffee for many years
    • Local Institutions govern resource use
    • CBNRM in progress with support of NGOs
  • 9. Specific aims
    • To examine how local institutions adapt to the changing internal and external situations in governance of local commons under different environments.
    • To evaluate the interplay of formal and informal institutions and how it facilitates or hinders the process of CBNRM and building local institutions in different context.
    • To understand how the objectives, expectations and assumptions of local people and other key actors engaged in governance of local commons change over time
  • 10. Methods
    • Multiple and mixed
      • Questionnaires (Harenna, Guassa and Dinsho)
        • Heterogeneity within community
      • Ethnography (historical and current context and process)
        • Participant observation
        • Focus group discussion
        • In-depth interviews with key informants
        • Archive Review
  • 11. Progress: Harenna
    • Household survey - 10% ()
    • Group interviews (w/ beekeeper, semi pastoralist)
    • Key informant in-depth interviews with elders (clan leaders)
    • Archive review – NGO working about CBNRM (next plan)
  • 12. Progress: Dinsho
    • Individual Interview - 10% (260)
    • Documentation of the process agreement with FZS
    • Participant observation recording – meeting, PRA, workshop (will continue)
  • 13. Progress: Guassa
    • Individual interview – 10% (491)
    • Key actors identified – for further in-depth interview
    • Involved in meeting and discussions
  • 14. Training
    • Library Search of journals and books
    • Time management
    • Project management
    • Focus group interview
    • In-depth interview
    • Qualitative data analysis
  • 15. Next 6 month plan
    • Coding and recoding of survey questionnaire for analysis using SPSS (Descriptive, cross tabulation and correlations)
    • Prepare in-depth group interview check list for Guassa
    • Undertake in-depth interviews
    • Follow-up Dinsho and participate in key moments for observation recording
    • Prepare for Harenna further in-depth interview
    • Analysis information gap for Harenna and prepare next fieldwork