Objectives Understand the nature and process of leadership from an Islamic perspective Describe the leadership qualities of our beloved Prophet (saw) Throw more insight by interacting during the seminar Analyze your leadership skills and how you can model Prophet Understand the steps to become an effective leader Awaken the leader within
“You have indeed, in the life of Rasool-Allah, the Best Model for him whose hope is in Allah and the Day of the Hereafter, and who engages himself much in the remembrance of Allah”. (Surah Al Azhab Verse no. 21)
“And you stand on an exalted standard ofcharacter”. (Surah Al Qalam verse 4)
The essence of Islamic leadership Abdullah bin Umar reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, said, “Every one of you is a shepherd and is responsible for his flock. The leader of the people is a guardian and is responsible for his subjects: a man is the guardian of his family and is responsible for his subjects, a woman is the guardian of her husband’s home and of his children and is responsible for them, and the slave of a man is a guardian of his master’s property and is responsible for it. Surely, everyone of you is a shepherd and responsible for his flock.”
Prophet’s life, a living quranAysha bint Abubakcer(RA) narrated that Prophet (saw) was a living quran.
Concept of leadership in islam it is amanah, a trust from Almighty Allah. Meet obligations towards Allah and discharge his duties towards the people, the subjects. Leadership authority, power all not personal but amanah from Allah.
Prophet, the unchallenged, divine leaderfor mankind Great Prophet, seal of Prophets Great teacher, philosopher, orator Warrior Emperor A good husband, father and a brother to all
But he wanted him to be called Abdullahi and Rasoolullah.
The sublime divine touches of character ofRasullah(SAW) Strong Iman, passion, confidence in his divine mission Integrity, keeping promises, kindness and generosity Vision, farsightedness, planning and always in the front An effective communicator calling people to Islam, educate, groom and organize them Knowing the potentials and assigning tasks Solve and resolve issues Ability to achieve victory and building the state
Iman….He believed from the beginning that the deen is going to prevail and reach every nook and corner of the world.Abu Taleb persuading Prophet to turn away from the deen
Hijra to Medina Cave Thawr
Surah Taubah verse 40
“If you help not (your Leader), (it is no matter): for Allah did indeed help him, when the Unbelievers drove him out: he had no more than one companion: they two were in the Cave, and he said to his companion, "Have no fear, for Allah is with us": then Allah sent down His peace upon him, and strengthened him with forces which you did not see, and humbled to the depths the word of the Unbelievers. But the word of Allah is exalted to the heights: for Allah is Exalted in might, Wise.”
Suraqa bin Malik following Rasool- Reward of 100 camels- His horse stumbled three times- Promising bangles of emperor Kisra of Persia- After the defeat of Persia, Omar Khattab handing over the bangles to Suraqa bin malik
mission Prophet had a clear mission to transform people from darkness to light, ignorance to wisdom and to the path of Tauheed.
visionA peaceful world where people worship Allah Almighty
A great leader is committed Request of Prophet’s uncle Abu Taleb to retreat from the cause.
Integrity of character, honesty,truthfulnessHe was by the name of Al Ameen even before prophet hood.After the Prophet received Allah’s commandment to openly invite people to Islam, the Prophet went out and ascended the Hill of Safa and addressed the people: "If I tell you that an army of horsemen are coming up the other side of this mountain, will you believe me?” They said, “We have never heard you telling a lie.” (Bukhari). Then he told them of his mission, though at the time the people were disinclined to give up their traditional religion and follow him.His sublime character of integrity, honesty and truthfulness made him the most beloved person in the hearts of believers.
First hijra of Muslim to Abyssinia-a leadertaking care of his subjects Persecution by the Quraish grew fiercer every day and the sufferings of the Prophets disciples became unbearable.. He recommended such of his companions who were without protection to seek refuge in the kingdom of that pious king, Al Najashi (Negus).
Al Hudaibiya Treaty A glittering example for leadership trait of Rasool, (saw)- farsightedness and wisdom 6th of Hijrah Prophet’s dream, travelled with 1400 sahabas and 70 camels Refused entry by Qureshi leaders Prophet took the advise of Umm Salama.
Landmark clauses in the treaty No war for 10 years Any one from Mekkah went to Madinah, would be sent back to Mekkah Any one from Madinah went to Makkah, would not be returned This year Muslims will not perform umrah, next year Muslims can perform Umrah
Hudaibiya Treaty, a victory for Muslims Quresh recognized Rasool(saw) as a leader of new state of Muslims No more wars with Quraish Muslims free to do dahwa. It is hailed us masterpiece of wisdom and farsightedness of ProphetThe 1st verse of Surah Fatheh “Inna fathehna laka fathhen mubeena” was revealed . The treaty led to the fatheh Mekkah after 22 months..
A great leader with courage, passion,commitment The character of Prophet Muhammad (saw), whose posture in the battlefield was described by Ali (Ra),, is as follows: "Every time when fighting became intense we took refuge with Prophet Muhammad (saw). None of us was nearer to the enemy than he". Then Prophet Muhammad (saw) returned to the seat of command and with his heart overflowing with faith, turned his face to the Aimighty and said: "O Lord! If this group is annihilated today, none else will worship you on the face of the earth."
Allah had helped you at Badr, when you were a contemptible little force: Then fear Allah in order to show your gratitude. When you did say to the believers: Does it not suffice you that your Creator should help you with three thousand angels sent down. (Surah al-e- Imran, 3:123-124)
A mighty leader in the battle of Uhud Consulted his advisors and changed his plan to face enemy from the city to outskirts in the valley of jabal ohud- example of shoura Kept 50 horsemen led by Abdullah ibn jubair on the mountain as guards and instructed not to move even if they see all Muslims get killed- strategic war planning
…. Battle of uhud Rasool(saw) in the frontline inspring the army Intially, the victory was for Muslims The horsemen led by Abdullah Ibn jubair left their position to collect booty of the war Quresh commander Khalid bin waleed used this chance to launch an unexpected attack on Muslim army which caused great casualities. 67 sahabas martyred in Uhud.
…battle of Uhud God’s Messenger was apprehensive that the Makkan polytheists might return and launch a second attack on Madina. On the second day of Uhud, therefore, he ordered those who had taken part in the Battle of Uhud the day before to gather and urged them to pursue This tactic of Prophet made the the unbelievers. quraish army to go back to Mekkah thus turning the defeat into victory for Muslims. Allahu Akbar
Battle of Trench, military genius ofRasool(saw) Rasool(saw) took part with sahabas to dig trench around Madina as per the idea of Salman Farsi Prophet had two rocks tied around his waist in order not to feel hunger siege lasted for 4 weeks, battle was averted by a storm sent by Allah which destroyed the enemy camp.
A great leader educates, organizes, assigntasks based on potentials A great teacher Thousands of Hadeeth on all aspects of life
A young asking permission to do zina A Bedouin urinating in the mosque
A great leader should be kind hearted andgenerousThe Prophet Muhammad taught love, kindness and compassion to his people, and was seen to be the most loving, kind, and compassionate of all of them. The Quran mentions his kind and gentle behavior in these words: "O Messenger of Allah! It is a great Mercy of God that you are gentle and kind towards them; for, had you been harsh and hard-hearted, they would all have broken away from you" (Quran 3:159).Fatheh Mekkah is a good example showing kindness and generosity of Prophet(saw)He advised to show kindness to women, sick, invalid, old people and animals.A woman entered hell for tying up a cat without feeding it- Bukhari
A great leader unifies his people together Five times compulsory prayer in the mosque Hajj Friday Jumaa Prayer, Eid prayer Collective zakah distribution
Leader always keeps his promises Steadfast in keeping promises in all affairs in the life Story of leper, bold head, blind Prophet always carry out clauses of treaties eg. Hudaibiya returning the sahaba who wanted to migrate to Madinah.
Motivating youths to be leaders First Ambassador of Islam was Musaad bin omar who was sent to Madinah. Osama ibn zayed was appointed as the youngest general to lead the army to Syria against Byzantine empire
A leader shows equality among hisfollowers He never differentiates between poor and rich, free man and slave, color or creed. He said even if my daughter Fathma (ra) commits theft, her hands would be cut off.
Leader, solve and resolve issues Black stone A man having doubts about his son Staying away from wives for one month Aysha(ra) angrily throwing the food sent by safiya(ra)
Leader, leading from the front and astrategic commanderBattle of Badr: crying and praying to Allah for help and Allah sent thousants angels to fight against non-believersBattle of Uhud: strategically placing horsemen on the mountainTrench war: digging trench with sahabas
A great leader always accepts advises fromfollowers Hudaibiya Treaty: umm Salama Uhud: to fight from outside Madinah
Leader, an effective communicator He talks in clear voice and slowly and he was very much articulate He explains points until it is very much clear to his sahabas. When he spoke, he was speaking to the world as a whole. His speech made during his last hajj which is called hajjathul widah became a sensational speech which was reverberated through thousands of sahabis who went to different countries to spread the deen of Allah.
Essential qualities required for a leader126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52.9.10.
Awaken the leader within List at least one incident at home, in your community or workplace where you have shown your leadership skills to make a change. Analyze and evaluate where you have excelled and where you need more focus to improve.
What qualities of leadership of Rasool(saw) are reflected in the following actions1. Musab bin Omar was the first Ambassador of Islam.2. Signing and accepting Hudaibiya Treaty3. Placing of Black stone4. Speech in farewell Hajj5. Khalid bin Waleed as commander6. Digging trench with Sahabs7. Prisoner of war in Badr battle became teachers8. Taif incident9. Story of leper, bald man, blind man10. Prophet set free people after fatheh Mekkah without taking