1. Introduction 1.1 About D.H. Lawrence 1.2 About Sons and Lovers 2. A general review of Oedipus Complex 3. Paul’s Oedipus Complex 3.1 The relationship between Paul and his mother 3.2 The conflicts between Paul and his mother 4. Conclusion
1.1 About D.H. Lawrence: D. H. Lawrence, is one of the most original and controversial English writers of the 20th century. He was considered one of the “makers” of modern English fiction.Lawrence took human relationship, especially that of men and women, as his major theme. His novels are full of scenes of sensuous beauty, with a lot of naturalistic details.1.2 About Sons and Lovers: Sons and Lovers (1913), containing many autobiographical details, is Lawrence‟s masterpiece and also his most popular novel. It tells the story of a miner‟s family-the Morel family. Mrs. Morel is disillusioned with her husband, a coarse and hard-drinking miner. Therefore, she places all her expectations on her sons.
This concept is introduced in Interpretation of Dreams (1899), “referring to the two Greek legends: the Theban hero Oedipus who unknowingly slew his father and married his mother, and its female analogue, Electra who helped slay her mother. If the child cant smoothly pass through this mental stage, there should occur an „infantile neurosis‟ that is an important forerunner of similar reactions during the child‟s adult life. The superego also has its origin in the process of overcoming the Oedipus complex. Freud considered the reactions against the Oedipus Complex the most important social achievements of the human mind.
• Paul’s passions upon his mother and the mother’s upon him are quietly mutual. When he 3.1 The is together with his mother, his love spews like a emotions fountain, and his inspiration flashes like a flame between Pauland his mother • Paul quarrels with his mother this time instead of giving up directly: “Well, I can’t help it. Their jaw isn’t so almighty important, after all.”--“What can people say? --- 3.2 The that we talk together, I believe you’re jealous.” conflicts • From these words, we know the conflicts between Paul between Paul and his mother become clear.and his mother • It’s the very relationship which changes Paul’s attitude to his mother. It seems that he realizes the person is his mother who destroys his happy life.
At the moment, it’s very clear for us to know Paul’s Oedipus complex and its reasons. Actually, Paul has not become a normal adult by getting over some problems like other children. That is not only determined by his mother’s abnormal maternity. The reasons are in many ways, some comes from the parents; some comes from his sisters and brothers, some even from the society, the mechanical civilization, which leads the family tragedy and distortion of personality. Now, what can be sure is: it’s impossible for the people living in a healthy family and healthy environments to have abnormal and Complex emotional problems. Surveying capitalist society, it is the very mechanical civilization which makes people feel constrained; and tense pace of life suffocates human nature.So, it is easy to know, the terrible working conditions and living states, which were brought by capitalist industrialization, is one of the main reasons for Morel’s (Lawrence’s) family tragedy. It devastated people’s healthy development on spirits.
http://www.britannica.com/ http://www.wikipedia.org/ http://www.copernica.co.uk/ http://www.sparknotes.com/sparknotes/ Bibliography Lawrence ,D.H.. Selected Essays[M]. England: Penguin Books, 1950. Naven, Alastair. D.H. Lawrence: The Novels[M]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1978.