15th GCC Secured Judicial And Police Cooperation
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Presented May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE

Presented May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE

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15th GCC Secured Judicial And Police Cooperation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. 1 15TH GCC eGOVERNMENT AND eSERVICES FORUMMay 23-27, 2009 - Al a secured eGovernment case study:Bustan Rotana Hotel - Judicial and Law enforcement cooperation between EU Member States and EU agencies Dubai, UAE
  • 2. Abdelkrim Boujraf2 ¨  More than 10 years implementing/studying exchange of judicial and police information ¨  President of non-profit organisation ¨  Master in Business administration (Minor IT and Human Resources) ¨  Graduate in Computer Sciences May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 3. Agendap.3 ¨  The EU political background ¤  Some facts (EU, International) ¤  The need to cooperate efficiently ¨  The case study ¤  The Interoperability issues ¤  The Service Oriented Architecture vision ¤  Imaginary screenshots ¨  The conclusions May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan Rotana Hotel - 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Dubai, UAE Forum
  • 4. The reality4 ¨  Public administrations must ¤  Provide efficient services to their citizens and businesses ¤  reduce their operational costs ¤  communicate efficiently with foreign public administrations and organisations ¨  How do they achieve their goals starting from their political programmes to end with the software code? ¨  The case study’s focus on the judicial and law enforcement real life May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 5. 5 The European Union Political background May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 6. 6 May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 7. The European Union7 ¨  Member States: 27 ¨  Political centres: Brussels, Luxembourg, Strasbourg ¨  Official languages: 23 ¨  Formation ¤  ParisTreaty (18 April 1951) ¤  Rome Treaty (25 March 1957) ¤  Maastricht Treaty (7 February 1992) ¤  Lisbon Treaty (?) ¨  Population: 500 Million ¨  GDP: Total $19.195 trillion May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 8. What are the threats to the security of8 a‭ “‬western lifestyle‭”‬ The climate The‭ ‬migration The agriculture The terrorism May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 9. Three pillars (main political areas)9 •  Customs Union and Single •  Foreign policy: •  Drug trafficking and weapons market •  Human rights smuggling •  Common Agricultural Policy •  Democracy •  Terrorism •  Common Fisheries Policy •  Foreign aid •  Trafficking in human beings •  EU competition law •  Security policy: •  Organized crime •  Economic and monetary union •  European Security and •  Bribery and fraud •  EU-Citizenship Defense Policy •  Education and Culture •  EU battle groups •  Trans-European Networks •  Helsinki Headline Goal Force •  Consumer protection Catalogue •  Healthcare •  Peacekeeping •  Research (e.g. Sixth Framework Programme) •  Environmental law •  Social policy •  Asylum policy •  Schengen treaty •  Immigration policy May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 10. Pillar III: The political programmes10 ¨  Feb 1992: The establishment of Europol (The Hague, The Netherlands) was agreed in the Maastricht Treaty on European Union of 7 February 1992 ¨  The‭ “‬Tampere Program‭”‬,‭ ‬terminated in‭ ‬1999‭ ‬under the Finnish Presidency,‭ ‬was primarily a‭ “‬management of migration flows‭”‬ ¨  The Europol Convention was ratified by all Member States and came into force on 1 October 1998. ¨  Eurojust is established in 2002 by a Decision ¨  The “‬Hague Program‭” ‬in‭ ‬2004,‭ ‬it has been agreed upon for the creation of an‭ “‬area of freedom,‭ ‬security and justice‭”‬.‭ Again it was decided on intensification of migration policy,‭ ‬including the construction of the Border Agency‭ “‬Frontex‭” ‬and the interception of refugees already in their home countries.‭ “‬The Hague Program‭” ‬puts the‭ “‬defence of terrorism‭” ‬in the centre.‭ ‬At the level of information exchange and cooperation we can now count on the‭ “‬principle of availability‭”‬ ¨  Autumn 2009, To adopt the new‭ “‬Stockholm program‭”‬,‭ containing a wish-list for‭ "‬police cooperation,‭ ‬the fight against terrorism,‭ ‬management of missions in third countries,‭ ‬migration,‭ ‬asylum and border management,‭ ‬civil protection,‭ ‬new technologies and information networks‭ "‬.‭ May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 11. 26 July 1995: Council Act drawing up the Convention on the establishment of a European Police Office (Europol Convention).1992 1995 07 Feb 1992: The establishment of Europol (The Hague, The Netherlands) was agreed in the Maastricht Treaty on European Union
  • 12. 29 June 1998: Objective of the European 15/16 Oct 1999: Judicial Network (EJN) in criminal Set up a unit called Eurojust, with the matters is to facilitate mutual objective of coordinating the activities judicial assistance in the fight carried out by the national authorities against transnational crime. It responsible for prosecution originates in a Joint Action adopted by the Council1998 1999 2000 1 July 1999: Europol commenced its full activities. Europol’ objective is to improve the effectiveness of, and cooperation between, the competent authorities in the Member States in preventing and combating international organised crime
  • 13. 4/5 Nov 2004: The “‬Hague Program‭” has been agreed upon for the creation of an‭ “‬area of freedom,‭ ‬security and justice‭”‬.‭ It was decided on intensification of migration policy,‭ ‬including the construction of the Border Agency‭ “‬Frontex‭” ‬and the interception of refugees already in their home countries.‭ “‬The Hague Program‭” ‬puts the‭ “‬defence of terrorism‭” ‬in the centre.‭ ‬At the level of information exchange and cooperation we can now count on the‭ “‬principle of availability‭”2002 2004 28 February 2002: Council Decision setting up Eurojust with a view to reinforcing the fight against serious crime 26 October 2004: Council Regulation establishing a European Agency for the Management of Operational Cooperation at the External Borders of the Member States of the European Union (Frontex)
  • 14. Autumn 2009: To adopt the new‭ “‬Stockholm program‭”‬,‭ containing a wish-list for‭ "‬police cooperation,‭ ‬the fight against terrorism,‭ ‬management of missions in third countries,‭ ‬migration,‭ ‬asylum and border management,‭ ‬civil protection,‭ ‬new technologies and information networks‭ "‬.‭2005 2009 20 Sept 2005: European Police College (CEPOL) is created. Its objective is to step up cooperation between national police schools in order to promote a joint approach to the major problems encountered in fighting crime, preventing delinquency and maintaining law and order.
  • 15. Institutions & Authorities15 ¨  European Union’s Judicial Cooperation Unit Eurojust ¨  European Judicial Network in civil and commercial matters ¨  European Police Office Europol ¨  ‬Police academy CEPOL ¨  ‬Border agency Frontex, committee for the Management of Operational Cooperation‭ ‬of all police agencies of the EU within its intelligence operation assessment centre. May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 16. 16 Facts Riots, Terrorist attacks, cross-border serious crimes May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 17. Frontex: Illegal Border Crossing by17 Member States in 2007 By Land By Air *This table is provisional and contains the data provided by Member States until February 2008 The consolidated collected data will be presented in the Annual Risk Assessment to be distributed in June 2008 May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 18. Frontex: Illegal Border Crossing18 by Member States in 2007 By Sea Total *This table is provisional and contains the data provided by Member States until February 2008 The consolidated collected data will be presented in the Annual Risk Assessment to be distributed in June 2008 May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 19. Europol: # of operational19 projects (between ‘06 and ‘07) 4 3.5 3 2.5 2 1.5 1 0.5 2006 0 2007 May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 20. Europol: Progression of info.20 exchange from 2000 until 2007 May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 21. Eurojust: Requested countries vs.21 Requesting countries May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 22. Terrorist attacks in Europe22 (between 2002 and 2009) May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 23. Riots in Europe23 (between Dec 2008 and Feb 2009) May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 24. 24 The case study Judicial and Law enforcement cooperation between EU Member States and EU agencies May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 25. EU Interagency Collaboration - The reality….25 ¨  During a routine check Spanish customs intercept a shipment of coffee containing cocaine in the harbour of Malaga. ¨  The container came from Caracas, Venezuela and was supposed to be transported by road to Antwerp and to be delivered to a trade company called BE. ¨  A number of persons are taken into custody, whilst investigations start….. ¤  The involved authorities (Europol and Eurojust) need to collaborate in a quick and efficient manner. n  European Arrest Warrant n  Rogatory Letter n  Joint Investigation Teams n  …. ¤  They need to remain in control of their systems ¤  They need to follow local as well as EU-wide laws, agreements and policies May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 26. High level exchange of information between National Judicial & Law Enforcement authorities, Europol and EurojustPage 26
  • 27. The European interoperability27 framework Pan-European eGovernment Services (PEGS) May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 28. Underlying principles for eGovernmentPage 28
  • 29. Scope / Area of validityPage 29 Member States A Member States B Administration Businesses A A2B Citizens A2A Citizens A2C A2C Administration Administration A2C Businesses A A2A B A2B A2A A2B European administration
  • 30. Software architecture30 Bilateral architecture Multilateral architecture May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 31. Basics of software strategyPage 31 ¨  Interoperability based on ¤  open standards ¤  open interfaces ¨  Goals … ¤  Create the lowest possible obstacles for adoption ¤  Independence from specific software vendors ¤  Long-term sustainability of software (moderate costs, reusability, etc.) ¤  Security of communication and systems
  • 32. Definition of an Open Standard32 ¨  The standard is adopted and will be maintained by a not- for-profit organisation, and its ongoing development occurs on the basis of an open decision-making procedure available to all interested parties (consensus or majority decision etc.). ¨  The standard has been published and the standard specification document is available either freely or at a nominal charge. It must be permissible to all to copy, distribute and use it for no fee or at a nominal fee. ¨  Intellectual property – i.e. patents possibly present – of (parts of) the standard is irrevocably made available on a royalty-free basis. ¨  There are no constraints on the re-use of the standard. May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 33. 33 Software architecture From the technical requirements to the code May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 34. Principles vs. Technical requirements34 Technical Software Privacy Subsidiarity Architecture Architecture May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 35. Enforcement of Steps – Levels ofEnforcement Optimistic strategy Confidence Confirmation Controlling by Process Design Agreements and policies Monitoring and Controlling Dual Control Pessimistic strategy Direct control
  • 36. Security analysis36 Security and Organisational Control Requirements Cross-Organisational Workflow private public -  Collaboration A B public private -  Transactions A B A -  Basic Security Services public -  Rights Management B -  Privacy private May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 37. Security analysis37 Security and Organisational ACID-Properties Control Requirements -  Collaboration Advanced Transaction Models -  Transactions Coordination Pivot, Compensate, Retry -  Basic Security Services Enforcement (of steps) -  Rights Management -  Privacy Mixed/Atomic Outcome Time constraints May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 38. Security analysis38 Security and Organisational Control Requirements Confidentiality -  Collaboration Data Integrity -  Transactions Authentication Non-Repudiation -  Basic Security Services Time Stamping -  Rights Management -  Privacy Traceability / ‘Structured Proof’ Assurance May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 39. Security analysis39 Security and Organisational Control Requirements Access Control -  Collaboration -  Transactions Delegation -  Basic Security Services Revocation -  Rights Management Separation of Duties -  Privacy Obligation of Duties May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 40. Security analysis40 Security and Organisational Control Requirements Anonymity / Pseudonymity -  Collaboration -  Transactions Data Control / Obligation Management -  Basic Security Services -  Rights Management Unlinkability / Unobservability -  Privacy May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 41. Unisys SOA reference architecture41 May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 42. Service Oriented Architecture42 Security Security Audit Control … Audit Control … policy policy Enterprise Service Bus Enterprise Service Bus Web WebWorkflow Management Services Services Workflow Management System Contracts Contracts System Legacy Application Legacy Application May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 43. Privacy Preservation in distributed Role43 Based Access Control Organisation A’s Org-to-Org Confidentiality and End-to-EndDistributed role based access Organisation B’s domain of trust Authenticity protection domain with subject privacy protection domain domain of trust Privacy Srv. Oblig. Srv. PAP PDP Application PEP IOP GW IOP GW PEP PDP PAP Oblig. Srv. Service load policies request autorisation request load policies auth. decision role mapping request identity protection request attribute cert. Organis ation A request with attribute certificate holding distributed roles and user pseudonym Prosecutor send OUT REQUEST . request Request with attribute User X.Y.. certificate attribute certificate and request validation holding auth. request distributed roles authorisation decision and user obligation service invocation pseudonym, signed by Root request with distributed roles CA of target service invocation Organisation A May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 44. Interoperability of qualifiedelectronic signatures R4eGov Breakthrough: Changing European practice on authority accreditation
  • 45. WS-Choreography DescriptionSlide 45 Language •  W3C recommendation •  Describes the global view Web service Web service process flow collaboration Web Web Web Web service service service service The BPEL view The CDL view BPEL: Business Process Execution Language CDL: Choreography Description Language Monitoring of Service Choreographies 07/08/12
  • 46. 46 Imaginary screenshots Cross organisation exchange of information May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 47. Imaginary screenshots Request for information47 May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 48. Imaginary screenshots Controlling the Choreography48 May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 49. Response XML abstract49 <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <Attribute AttributeName="extraAttributes” AttributeNamespace= <soapenv:Envelope xmlns:soapenv=http://www.w3.org/2003/05/soap-envelope "http://r4egov.org/rte/sec/attr"><AttributeValue>Portugal</AttributeValue></ xmlns:wsa=http://www.w3.org/2005/08/addressing xmlns:xenc="http:// Attribute> www.w3.org/2001/04/xmlenc#"> </AttributeStatement> <soapenv:Header> <ds:Signature xmlns:ds="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#"> <rte:SecurityHeader xmlns:rte="http://r4egov.org/rte/sec"> <ds:SignedInfo><ds:CanonicalizationMethod Algorithm="http:// <Assertion xmlns="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:assertion“ xmlns:xsd= www.w3.org/2001/10/xml-exc-c14n#" /> http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema xmlns:samlp="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML: <ds:SignatureMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/ 1.0:protocol“ xmlns:xsi= xmldsig#rsa-sha1" /> http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance <ds:Reference URI="#_e059c0704eb304ccf80a84abedb2d715"> xmlns:saml="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.0:assertion“ Issuer="EOL“ MajorVersion="1“ MinorVersion="1"> <ds:DigestMethod Algorithm="http://www.w3.org/2000/09/xmldsig#sha1" /> <Conditions NotBefore="2008-07-23T13:04:43.046Z“ <ds:DigestValue>YwHY8wu9VEcZJ6Mlx9Vu1AP0Ys4=</ds:DigestValue> NotOnOrAfter="2008-07-23T13:14:43.046Z" /> </ds:Reference> <AttributeStatement> </ds:SignedInfo> <Subject><NameIdentifier Format="urn:oasis:names:tc:SAML:1.1:nameid- <ds:SignatureValue>LoEuzuKcpKJwMPBKmo6YSXpZwOhLOCdtygYw/ format:X509SubjectName“>CN=EOL_investigation, OU=CE, O=EOL, zxg2cZii0Eow9F23JFkq5/5TyUhoSPsqArG08s L=Hague, ST=Hague, C=NL</NameIdentifier> +yU2sc7nJFBZCCwip5ClstezQYhkunOEaLQLu77+Y6NwssKHDVUE0HERWxP </Subject> 5hw2tfgi4/RD15A4uUQUuT8e4fRS8brvGcIs8=</ds:SignatureValue> <Attribute AttributeName="resource“ AttributeNamespace= </ds:Signature> "http://r4egov.org/rte/sec/attr"> </Assertion> <AttributeValue>searchByNameWS</AttributeValue></Attribute> </rte:SecurityHeader> <Attribute AttributeName="roles“ AttributeNamespace= </soapenv:Header> "http://r4egov.org/rte/sec/attr"> <AttributeValue>Investigator</ </soapenv:Envelope> AttributeValue></Attribute> May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 50. Imaginary screenshots50 Retrieve data & Send response May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 51. Imaginary screenshots51 Controlling the Choreography (final step) May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 52. 52 conclusions May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 53. Conclusions53 ¨  You need to incorporate the … constraints ¤  Political ¤  Business ¤  Organisational ¤  Technical May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 54. Conclusions54 ¨  Do you have … understanding each other? ¤  Lawyers ¤  Economists ¤  Linguists ¤  Business Architects ¤  Project managers ¤  Software Architects ¤  Software developers ¤  Testers May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 55. Conclusions55 ¨  Where can you find software developers knowing so much concepts? ¨  Do you use one methodology for each software development steps? ¨  COTS vs. Do-it-yourself? ¨  Have you developed a proof of concept using a complex use case running under the selected software architecture? May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 56. 56 Miscellaneous Resources, references, contact details May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 57. R4eGovPage 57 ¨  Funded by: the European Commission through the Framework Programme 6 – Integrated Project ¨  Contract duration: from March 2006 to March 2009 ¨  Budget: €11.4 millions (€7.4 millions financed by EC) ¨  Partners: 20 partners in 7 countries (BE, FR, IT, UK, NL, DE, AT) ¨  Tasks: 11 Work packages (Coordination, Dissemination, User Group / Case studies, Interoperability, Security, Integration, Training, Development of 2 Demonstrators) http://www.r4egov.eu
  • 58. Resources availablePage 58 ¨  Website: ¤  http://www.r4egov.eu ¨  Three Video presentations ¤  http://www.dailymotion.com/group/r4egov n  Business Presentation n  Technical components n  Architecture mechanisms ¨  Tools ¤  eGovCube: http://www.uni-koblenz.de/~regov/ ¨  European Commission ¤  Framework Programme 6: http://ec.europa.eu/research/fp6/index_en.cfm ¤  Information Society Technologies: http://cordis.europa.eu/ist/about/about.htm
  • 59. References59 ¨  Eurojust: http://europa.eu/scadplus/leg/en/lvb/l33188.htm ¤  http://www.eurojust.europa.eu/press_releases/annual_reports/2006/Annual_Report_2006_EN.pdf ¤  http://www.eurojust.europa.eu/press_releases/annual_reports/2007/Annual_Report_2007_EN.pdf ¨  Europol: http://europa.eu/scadplus/leg/en/lvb/l14005b.htm ¤  http://www.europol.europa.eu/publications/Annual_Reports/EuropolAnnualReport2006.pdf ¤  http://www.europol.europa.eu/publications/Annual_Reports/Annual%20Report%202007.pdf ¨  European Judicial Network: http://ec.europa.eu/civiljustice/index_en.htm ¨  CEPOL: http://europa.eu/scadplus/leg/en/lvb/l14006.htm ¨  Frontex: http://europa.eu/scadplus/leg/en/lvb/l33216.htm ¤  http://www.frontex.europa.eu/gfx/frontex/files/justyna/annual_report_2006%5B1%5D.pdf ¤  http://www.frontex.europa.eu/gfx/frontex/files/justyna/frontex_general_report_2007_final.pdf May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 60. Riots / Strikes in Europe60 ¨  Greece (Dec 2008) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008_Greek_riots ¨  ‬Iceland (Jan 2009) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2009_Icelandic_financial_crisis_protests ¨  ‬Sweden (Dec 2008) ¨  ‬Lithuania (Jan 2009) http://www.nytimes.com/2009/01/17/world/europe/17lithuania.html ¨  Latvia (Jan 2009) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2009_Riga_riot ¨  Bulgaria (Jan 2009) http://www.reuters.com/article/latestCrisis/idUSLE473019 ¨  France (Feb 2009) http://www.heralddeparis.com/rage-and-violence-anti-nato-march-in-strasbourg-started- peacefully/29960 ¨  ‬Guadeloupe (16 Feb 2009) http://www.kuwaittimes.net/read_news.php?newsid=OTcwMjc3MzQ3 ¨  Lampedusa – Italy (Feb 2009) http://www.timesofmalta.com/articles/view/20090219/world-news/illegal-immigrants-start- fires-clashes-at-lampedusa May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 61. References61 ¨  Pictures from http://www.flickr.com ¨  Maps generated by http://gunn.co.nz/map/ ¨  Definitions from http://www.wikipedia.org May 23-27, 2009 - Al Bustan 15th GCC eGovernment and eServices Forum Rotana Hotel - Dubai, UAE
  • 62. Page 62 Unisys representatives @ be.unisys.com Abdelkrim.Boujraf Athina.Dalamanga David.Huys Emidio.Stani Philippe.Vlerick Unisys Steering Committee member: Patrice-Emmanuel.Schmitz