Definition of : Deconstruction is not a theory unified by any set of consistent rules or procedures. It has been variously regarded as a way of reading, a mode of writing, and, above all, a way of challenging interpretations of texts based upon conventional notions of the stability of the human self, the external world, and of language and meaning.
Main Characteristics: Deconstruction is often regarded as undermining all tendency toward systematization. The most fundamental project of deconstruction is to display the operations of “logocentrism” in any “text”. Logocentrism refers to any system of thought which is founded on the stability and authority.
Main Characteristics: Deconstruction tries to reinstate language within the connections of the various terms that have conventionally dominated Western thought: the connections between thought and reality, self and world, subject and object. For deconstructionists, there is no “truth” or “reality” which somehow stands outside or behind language: truth is a relation of linguistic terms, and reality is a construct, ultimately religious, social, political, and economic, but always of language, of various linguistic registers.
Jacques Derrida (1930–2004) Jacques Derrida is responsible for the pervasive phenomenon in modern literary and cultural theory known as “deconstruction.”
Jacques Derrida (1930–2004) Derrida has conducted deconstructive readings of numerous major thinkers. Derrida’s seminal work, “Structure, Sign, and Play” exhibits some of the persistent concerns of deconstruction and reveals both what he owes to structuralism and his divergence from it.