Chapter 12 presentation by azar
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Chapter 12 presentation by azar

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Chapter 12 presentation by azar Chapter 12 presentation by azar Presentation Transcript

  • 112-1 Adjective clauses: introduction12-2 Using who and whom in adjective ...12-3 Using who, who(m), and that in adjective ...12-4 Using which and that in adjective clauses12-5 Singular and plural verbs in adjective …12-6 Using prepositions in adjective clauses12-7 Using whose in adjective clausesCONTENTS
  • 212-1 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: INTRODUCTIONI have a terrific friendwho is very kind.
  • 311-10 CPITALIZATION12-1 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: INTRODUCTION(a) I have a terrific friend.adjective + noun(b) I have a thoughtful friend.adjective + nounadjective modifies noun
  • 411-10 CPITALIZATION12-1 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: INTRODUCTION(b) I have a thoughtful friend.adjective + nounadjective noun(usually)(a) I have a terrific friend.adjective + noun
  • 511-10 CPITALIZATION12-1 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: INTRODUCTION(c) I have a friend who is always cheerful.noun + adjective clauseadjective clause modifies noun11-10 CPITALIZATION(d) I have a friend who is a doctor.noun + adjective clause11-10 CPITALIZATION(e) I have a friend who lives next door.noun + adjective clause
  • 611-10 CPITALIZATION12-1 ADJECTIVE CLAUSES: INTRODUCTION(c) I have a friend who is always cheerful.noun + adjective clausenoun adjective clause11-10 CPITALIZATION(d) I have a friend who is a doctor.noun + adjective clause11-10 CPITALIZATION(e) I have a friend who lives next door.noun + adjective clause
  • 712-2 USING WHO AND WHOM IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSESThe boy who has the phoneis adorable.
  • 812-2 USING WHO AND WHOM IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) The child is adorable.(b) The child is adorable.He has the phone.is a subject pronounheis a subject pronounwhowho has the phonehe adjective clausewho
  • 912-2 USING WHO AND WHOM IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) The child is adorable.(b) The child is adorable.who has the phoneINCORRECT: The child is adorablewho has the phone.noun adjective clause
  • 1012-2 USING WHO AND WHOM IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(c) The child was funny.(d) The child was funny.I saw him.is an object pronounhimis an object pronounwhomwhom I sawhim adjective clausewhom
  • 1112-2 USING WHO AND WHOM IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(c) The child was funny.(d) The child was funny.who has the phoneINCORRECT: The child was funny who has the phone.noun + adjective clause
  • 1212-1,12-2 LET’S PRACTICEwhotwo sentences one sentenceJonah is in my English class.He is an excellent student.who is an excellent studentis in my English class.Jonah
  • 1312-1,12-2 LET’S PRACTICEwhotwo sentences one sentenceMary is an artist.She is very talented.who is very talentedis an artist.Mary
  • 14whom we see are12-1,12-2 LET’S PRACTICEØtwo sentences one sentenceWe see the vendors.They are working in the floatingmarket.working in the floating market.The vendors
  • 15The girl that has the phoneis friendly.12-3 USING WHO, WHO(M), AND THAT IN ADJECTIVECLAUSES
  • 16(a) The girl is friendly.(b) The girl is friendly.who has the phoneINCORRECT: The girl has the phone is friendly.(c) The girl that has the phone is friendly.samemeaning12-3 USING WHO, WHO(M), AND THAT IN ADJECTIVECLAUSES
  • 17(a) The child is adorable.(c) The child is adorable.He has the phone.is a subject pronounHecan be the subjectthatthat has the phoneHe adjective clausethat12-3 USING WHO, WHO(M), AND THAT IN ADJECTIVECLAUSES
  • 18(d) The child was funny. I knew her.(e) The child was funny.who(m) I knew(f) The child that I knew was funny.12-3 USING WHO, WHO(M), AND THAT IN ADJECTIVECLAUSES(g) The child Ø I knew was funny.object pronoun can be omittedfrom adjective clauseS Owho(m)that
  • 1912-3 LET’S PRACTICECORRECT INCORRECT ?ORThe people who(m) I met last nightwere really funny.
  • 2012-3 LET’S PRACTICECORRECT INCORRECT ?ORThe woman is reading is my sister.
  • 2112-3 LET’S PRACTICECORRECT INCORRECTOR ?The woman that is reading is my sister.
  • 2212-4 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSESThe computer that I justbought is really fast.
  • 2312-4 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) My computer is really fast. It is new.(c) My computer that is new is really fast.(b) My computer which is new is really fast.s vs vs vwhich thingsthat people / thingswho, whom people
  • 2412-4 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) My computer is really fast. It is new.(c) My computer that is new is really fast.(b) My computer which is new is really fast.adjective clausewhichIt
  • 2512-4 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) My computer is really fast. It is new.(c) My computer that is new is really fast.(b) My computer which is new is really fast.adjective clausethatIt
  • 2612-4 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) That computer is really fast. It is new.(c) That computer that is new is really fast.(b) That computer which is new is really fast.INCORRECT: That computer is new is really fast.
  • 27which, that object in adjective clause12-4 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(d) The old car needs work. I drive it.(f) The old car that I drive needs work.(e) The old car which I drive needs work.s v oo s vo s v(g) The old car Ø I drive needs work.s v
  • 2812-4 USING WHICH AND THAT IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(d) The old car needs work. I drive it.(f) The old car that I drive needs work.(e) The old car which I drive needs work.(g) The old car Ø I drive needs work.same meaningsame meaning
  • 29which we played12-4 LET’S PRACTICEwhichtwo sentences one sentenceWe played a game. The game was fun.was fun.The game
  • 30we played12-4 LET’S PRACTICEØtwo sentences one sentencewas fun.The gameWe played a game. The game was fun.
  • 31the supermarket12-4 LET’S PRACTICEthattwo sentences one sentenceWhere is the supermarket?It sells great produce.that sells great produce?Where is
  • 3212-5 SINGULAR AND PLURAL VERBS IN ADJECTIVECLAUSESI have a friend who is awonderful gardener.
  • 3312-5 SINGULAR AND PLURAL VERBS IN ADJECTIVECLAUSES(a) I have a friend who is a wonderful gardener.singular noun singular verb
  • 3412-5 SINGULAR AND PLURAL VERBS IN ADJECTIVECLAUSES(b) I have friends who are wonderful gardeners.plural noun plural verb
  • 3512-5 LET’S PRACTICEisarePeople who travel to other countries___ required to have a passport.are
  • 3612-5 LET’S PRACTICEisareA set of twins that ___ not identical___ called fraternal.isis
  • 3712-5 LET’S PRACTICEspeakspeaksThere are many people inEurope who ______ more thanone language.speak
  • 3812-6 USING PREPOSITIONS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSESThe new student I talked towas thrilled to be here.
  • 3912-6 USING PREPOSITIONS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) The teacher is friendly. I talked to her.PREP Obj.(b) The teacher whom I talked to is friendly.PREPObj.(c) The teacher that I talked to is friendly.(d) The teacher Ø I talked to is friendly.
  • 40(e) The teacher to whom I talked is friendly.PREP Obj.FORMAL ENGLISHpreposition + whom + adjective clausewhichMUST have pronoun12-6 USING PREPOSITIONS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES
  • 4112-6 USING PREPOSITIONS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(f) The paper is long. I am working on it.PREP Obj.(g) The paper which I am working on is long.PREPObj.(h) The paper that I am working on is long.(i) The paper Ø I am working on is long.
  • 42(j) The paper on which I am working is long.PREP Obj.FORMAL ENGLISHpreposition + whom + adjective clausewhichMUST have pronoun12-6 USING PREPOSITIONS IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES
  • 43which wewhichtwo sentences one sentenceWe went to a game. It was boring.went to was boring.The game12-6 LET’S PRACTICE
  • 44Ø weØtwo sentences one sentencewent to was boring.The game12-6 LET’S PRACTICEWe went to a game. It was boring.
  • 4512-6 LET’S PRACTICEWe visited a Rodin museumyesterday. It was beautiful.thatthat we visitedyesterday was beautiful.The Rodin museum
  • 4612-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSESThe boy whose wrist isbroken has a cast.
  • 4712-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) The boy has a cast.His wrist is broken.
  • 4812-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) The boy has a cast.His wrist is broken.whose wrist(b) The boy whose wrist is broken has a cast.whose possession
  • 4912-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(a) The boy has a cast.His wrist is broken.(b) The boy whose wrist is broken has a cast.adjective clausewhose wrist
  • 5012-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(c) I have a friend.Her mother is a doctor.whose mother(d) I have a friend whose mother is a doctor.whose possession
  • 5112-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(c) I have a friend.Her mother is a doctor.whose mother(d) I have a friend whose mother is a doctor.adjective clause
  • 5212-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(e) The family was moving.I bought their car.
  • 5312-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(e) The family was moving.I bought their car.whose car(f) The family whose car I bought was moving.whose possession
  • 5412-7 USING WHOSE IN ADJECTIVE CLAUSES(c) The family is moving.I bought their car.whose car(d) The family whose car I bought was moving.adjective clause
  • 5512-7 LET’S PRACTICEThis is my friend Ichiro.His sister is a famousscientist.whowhosewhose sisteris a famous scientist.This is my friend Ichiro
  • 5612-7 LET’S PRACTICEI go to a great doctor.She is very busy.who is very busy.I go to a great doctorwhowhose
  • 5712-7 LET’S PRACTICEI go to a busy doctor.Her patients often have to waitin line.whose patients oftenhave to wait in line.I go to a busy doctorwhowhose
  • 5858PHOTO CREDITSImages used under license from:• Shutterstock, Inc.• Clipart, Inc.Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education andits licensors. All rights reserved.