GeographyLocationAreaBoundariesTerrainLand Forms and Bodies of WaterClimate
LocationRUSSIA: North Asia bordering the Arctic Ocean, extending from Europe(the portion west of the Urals) to the North Pacific OceanKAZAKHSTAN: Central Asia, northwest of China; a small portion west ofthe Ural (Zhayyq) River in eastern-most Europe
AreaRUSSIA: total: 17,098,242 sq km; largest country in the world in termsof areaKAZAKHSTAN: total: 2,724,900 sq km
BoundariesRussian Federation has land boundaries of 19,900 kilometers and borders with 14countires in Europe and Asia.Kazahkstan is landlocked. Russia leases approximately 6,000 sq.km of territoryenclosing the Baykonur Cosmodrome; in January 2004, Kazakhstan and Russiaextended the lease to 2050.
TerrainRUSSIA•Broad Plain with low hills west of Urals•Immense stretch of grasslands, vast coniferous forest and tundra in Siberia•Uplands and Mountains along southern border regions
TerrainSiberia (Russia) land to the east of the Ural Mountains immense stretch of grassland, thick evergreen forest and tundra, crossed by giantrivers
TerrainKAZAHKSTANVast flat steppe extending from the Volga in the West to the Altai Mountains in the•east and from the plains of western Siberia in the north to oases and deserts ofCentral Asia in the south
TerrainKAZAHKSTANMuch is covered by huge rolling grasslands, or steppe.In the south are arid sandy deserts
Land FormsMOUNT ELBRUS the highest point of the Caucasus, Russia and Europe
Land FormsWEST SIBERIAN PLAIN vast, flat expanse; covered with a network of marshes and streams; The world’s biggest are of flat ground Gradually rises to the Central Siberian Plateau, and then again to highlands in the southeast Taiga stretch across most of this land; The far north of Siberia extends into the Arctic Circle
Land FormsURAL MOUNTAINSmountain range that runs approximately from north to south through westernRussia, from the coast of the Arctic Ocean to the Ural River andnorthwestern Kazakhstan.[ considered the natural boundary between Europe and Asia
Tundra and Taiga Birch trees, dwarf bushes, moss and lichen huddle close to the ground in the frozen tundra wastes of northern Russia. They lie between the permanent ice and snow of the Arctic, and the thick taiga forests which cover an area greater than the Amazon rainforest.
Bodies of WaterTHE CASPIAN SEACovers 371,000 sq km; the world’s largest expanse of inland water.Fed by the Volga and Ural rivers, which flow in from the plains of the north.
Bodies of WaterLAKE BAIKALDeepest and oldest lake in the worldLargest freshwater lake – more than 1.6 km deep and covers 32,500sq kmFed by 336 rivers and contains around 20% of all the fresh water in the world
ClimateRUSSIA and KAZAKHSTAN Temperatures fluctuate wildly, both daily and seasonally due to their distance from seas and oceans Temperatures in eastern Siberia have been known to reach -68 degrees Celsius
ClimateRUSSIA and KAZAKHSTAN Have strongly continental climates Temperatures fluctuate wildly, both daily and seasonally due to their distance from seas and oceans Temperatures in eastern Siberia have been known to reach -68 degrees Celsius
RESOURCES and LIVELIHOODIndustry Extraction and Mining (gold, diamond, coal, oil, gas)Farming and Land Use
Gold and Diamond The discovery of gold in the 19th century opened Siberia up to economic and industrial development. Gold and diamonds are mind in the east.
Oil, Coal and GasVast reserves of oil, coal and gas are found especially in the west,which is now the main centre for extraction.
Farming and Land UseRUSSIA:• CEREAL CROPS wheat and oats• RAISING CATTLE on the small pockets of pasture
Farming and Land UseRUSSIA:• Herding reindeer, hunting, forestry
Farming and Land UseKAZAKHSTANBig hers of cattle, goats and sheep are raised for wool and meat.Wheat is cultivated in the fertile north.
Population (Russia) Siberia has some of the world’s largest areas of uninhabited land due to the cold climate and harsh living conditions. Industrial cities in the west hold the most people.
Population (Russia) 138,082,178 (July 2012 est.) country comparison to the world: 9 (CIA World Factbook)
Population (Kazakhstan) Despite its huge size, Kazakhstan has only 16 million people; just over half live in urban areas.
Population (Kazakhstan) 17,522,010 (July 2012 est.) country comparison to the world: 60 (CIA World Factbook)
Religions (Russia) Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.) note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non- practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule(CIA World Factbook)
Religions (Kazakhstan) Muslim 47%, Russian Orthodox 44%, Protestant 2%, other 7%(CIA World Factbook)
Ethnic Groups (Russia) Russian 79.8%, Tatar 3.8%, Ukrainian 2%, Bashkir 1.2%, Chuvash 1.1%, other or unspecified 12.1% (2002 census) (CIA World Factbook)
Ethnic Groups (Kazakhstan) Kazakh (Qazaq) 63.1%, Russian 23.7%, Uzbek 2.8%, Ukrainian 2.1%, Uighur 1.4%, Tatar 1.3%, German 1.1%, other 4.5% (2009 census) (CIA World Factbook)
LanguagesKAZAKHSTANKazakh (Qazaq, state language) 64.4%,Russian (official, used in everyday business,designated the "language of interethniccommunication") 95% (2001 est.)(CIA WORLD FACTBOOK)RUSSIARussian (official), spoken by 142.6million peopleTatar, 5.3 millionUkrainian, 1.8 million
LanguagesRUSSIARussian (official), spoken by 142.6million peopleTatar, 5.3 millionUkrainian, 1.8 million