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A presentation Script based on my research of Motion Capture.

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Presentation script

  1. 1. Abbie Smith A2 Film Studies Presentation script How has motion capture developed in the last decade?[Lights dim][Spotlight illuminations the stage][Enter speaker]Presenter: “From the early 1915, when two men built technology which couldplace them in history and changed the way movies ideas can be transformedinto reality. Eadweard Muybridge and Max Fleischer have remained known asthe people who first created motion capture. Tonight I will present you with aninsight of the brief history of motion capture and the movies surrounding it bydiscussing the four popular films that showcase the development of motioncapture. – Avengers assemble, Lord of the rings: The Two Towers, Pirate ofthe Caribbean: At World’s End and one of the highest grossing films Avatarthe films gained around altogether is $6,153,327,819.[Exit speaker][Spot light dim][Voiceover narration]“Since the earliest days of motion picture photography and animation, artistshave sought ways to capture and reproduce naturalistic character notion.Eadweard Muybridge developed a system that enabled him to photographand study the momentary poses of moving creatures. Max Fleischer designedthe rotoscope so that animators could copy human motions for use incartoons.” [From source five][Projection: Item seventeen (minus sound)]“Today, most computer animation is achieved using a mouse to manipulatedigital models and set key frames within the digital environment. However theidea of harnessing real movement is still attractive to filmmakers, and anumber of methods of channeling externally driven movement into thecomputer have been developed.” [From source 5]“Visual effects house Digital Domain, with whom Cameron has a partnership,joined the project, which was supposed to begin production in the summer of1997 for a 1999 release. However, Cameron felt that the technology had notcaught up with the story and vision that he intended to tell. He decided toconcentrate on making documentaries and refining the technology for the nextfew years. It was revealed in a Bloomberg BusinessWeek cover story that20th Century Fox had fronted $10 million to Cameron to film a proof-of-concept clip for Avatar, which he showed to Fox executives in October 2005.”[From Source fourteen]
  2. 2. Abbie Smith A2 Film Studies[Projection: From item 15] On set – Avatar (2009)Expressive facial movement is the key to any convincing characterperformance and is among the hardness form of animation to achievesuccessfully. One method creates a physically based digital model thatemulates the way muscles and flesh move on a real face. The other techniquemodels the surface of the face as a series of fixed expressions. These arethen arranged into a sequence to create a performance – the digitalequivalent of replacement animation. The system worked by surroundingperformers with an array of five synchronized high-definition digital videocameras. [From source 5][Projection: Item One, scene Gollum arguing with himself (01.34 – 01-37)(Minus sound)]Gollum was brought into existence through a combination of state-of-the-artcomputer animation and sophisticated motion-capture technology utilizing"fluid dynamics." Peter Jackson wanted to avoid a "computer-generated look,"so instead the painstaking design lends to Gollum realistic joint movementbased on actual organic muscle and bone, all seen rippling under histranslucent, but flesh-like skin. [From Source 1] "I think that Gollum may be one of the most sophisticated digital creationsseen yet," notes WETA’s Richard Taylor. "Throw out all your old ideas aboutwhat CG looks like because Gollum defies them." [From source 1]
  3. 3. Abbie Smith A2 Film StudiesBritish actor Andy Serkis attracted great acclaim for his portrayal of thecreepy, tormented creature Gollum, in director Peter Jacksons adaptation ofthe Lord of the Rings trilogy. It would be understandable for actors to feelnervous of the way in which technology can literally overwrite them, but whenit comes to motion capture, it is the animated film producers rather than theperformers who seem to be holding back. Andy Serkis, on the other hand, is aself confessed "performance captureaholic". "Performance capture is moreabout capturing the emotional performance of a character. Performancecapture as a phrase arrived with (James Camerons film) Avatar. Before that itwas more about fighting warriors in games - very physical." [From source nine]Serkis told the Daily Telegraph he was frustrated that his performances as thecreature Gollum in the Lord of the Rings films and forthcoming prequel TheHobbit, as well as his latest turn, stood little chance of attracting the attentionof Oscars voters. Serkis said: "The emotional content of these performanceslive and die by what the actors bring to the roles on set. I never approach alive-action role any differently to a performance-captured role. The process ofacting is absolutely identical. "Performance-capture technology is really theonly way that we could bring these characters to life," he said. "Its the waythat Gollum was brought to life and the Navi in Avatar and so on and its reallyanother way of capturing an actors performance. [From Source 7][Projection: Item 3 Puny God (Minus sound)]Fans have overwhelmingly agreed that the 2012 version of Hulk in Avengersis (visually speaking) the best we’ve seen so far. In part that’s because movietechnology is better than it was at the time of both Ang Lee’s Hulk (2003) andMarvel Studios’ The Incredible Hulk (2008); however, the other part is the factthat Ruffalo – unlike previous Bruce Banner actors Eric Bana and EdwardNorton – is actually playing the Hulk via motion-capture performance.You can actually see Ruffalo’s facial features in that Hulk image above, andthat fact alone goes a long way towards helping viewers suspend the disbeliefthat this brilliant scientist actually transforms into a rage-fueled jade giant.[From source 16][End Projection][Projection: Item 2 Davy Jones Death (Minus sound)]As one of the worlds most consistent and dependable character actors, BillNighy might not look like the type to inhabit the body, mind and soul of deadman, Davy Jones. Nighy certainly proved that looks can be deceiving.Outfitted in multiple layers of digital effects, he gave life to a character of thesort we had never seen on screen before. Now in Pirates of the Caribbean: AtWorlds End, Nighy gets to expand on the role that it seems only he can play.[From Source twelve][Projection: Item four, scene Navi are crying out after sacred land is destroyed(01:38:57 – 01:40:30) (Minus sound)]
  4. 4. Abbie Smith A2 Film StudiesEven 15 years ago, Cameron had a fully formed vision of Pandora—rightdown to the blue aliens, six-legged mammalian predators, and floatingmountains. But he put any plans to film his Avatar script on indefinite hold,knowing that the existing technology could not do justice to his ambitions. By2000 he was growing impatient. So Cameron contacted Vincent Pace, anentrepreneur who helped design and manufacture the underwater lightingsystem for Camerons 1989 movie, The Abyss. Through his eponymouscompany, which develops and rents cameras for use in hazardous conditions,Pace agreed to work with Cameron on a camera rig that could capture 2D and3D images simultaneously. Cameron says the project cost about $12 million,much of it his money. Its a rule as old as Hollywood: Never sink your ownmoney into a movie. Ultimately, Cameron felt his investment would be justifiednot only because it would allow him to make Avatar but also because the newtechnology would accelerate the rollout of 3D, giving theater chains anincentive to upgrade their projectors and screens and moviegoers anincentive to leave their increasingly well-equipped living rooms. [From Sourcefourteen][End Projection]In October 2005, Cameron screened his 3D segment for four Fox executivesat the offices of his production company, Lightstorm Entertainment, in SantaMonica, Calif. "Their eyes kind of lit up," Cameron says. [From Sourcefourteen] His audition piece was an early draft of the Emyn Muil scene whereGollum swears on the precious, he leapt up onto the chair and begancaterwauling in abject misery. In that instant began the evolution of Golluminto a motion-captured performance, something that would change bothSerkis and the industry forever. [From source eight]Overall tonight we have gone back a decade and heard about the idea whichtransformed the film industry as we know it to what it is now involving one ofthe highest grossing films to this day and how far we go to create animmersive experience for both the actors and audience and bringing thischaracters and worlds truly to life using this technology known as motioncapture and just how far it’s going to go within another decade constantlychanging the films both old and new as we know it.[Exit speaker][Spotlight dims]

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