Multiple Functions of School


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This are the multiple, manifest and latent Functions of Schools. (Social Dimension)

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Multiple Functions of School

  1. 1. Multiple Functions of Schools
  2. 2. 1. Technical/Economic Functions: • refer schools to to the the contribution of technical or economic development and needs of the individual, the institution, the local community, the society and the inter-national community.
  3. 3. 2. Human/Social Functions • refer to the contribution of schools to human development and social relationships at different levels of the society A. AT THE INDIVIDUAL LEVEL  schools help develop students to develop their potentials psychologically, socially, and physically
  4. 4. B. AT THE INSTITUTIONAL LEVEL a school is a social system composed of different human relationships to provide the environment of quality C. AT THE COMMUNITY AND SOCIETY LEVELS  schools serve the social needs or functions of the local community,  support social integration of multiple and diverse constituencies of society,  facilitate the social mobility within the existing social class structure
  5. 5.  select and allocate competent people to appropriate roles and position,  contribute to social change and development in the long run D. AT THE INTERNATIONAL LEVEL  schools are expected to play an important role in preparing students for international harmony, social cooperation, global human relationship and elimination of national, regional, racial and gender biases.
  6. 6. 3. POLITICAL FUNCTIONS • refer to the contribution of schools to the political development at different levels of society. A.AT THE INDIVIDUAL LEVEL  schools help student to develop positive civic attitudes and skills to exercise the rights and responsibilities of citizenship.
  7. 7. B. AT THE INTERNATIONAL LEVELS  schools act as a place for systematically socializing students into a set of political norms, values, and beliefs, or for critically discussing and reflecting on the existing political events.  schools often become a political coalition of teachers, parents, and students that can contribute to the stability of the political power structure.
  8. 8. C. AT THE COMMUNITY AND SOCIETY LEVELS  schools play an important role to serve the political needs of the local community  maintain the stability of the political structure  promote awareness and movement of democracy  facilitate the planned political development and changes
  9. 9. D. AT THE INTERNATIONAL LEVEL  the growing awareness of international dependence reinforces the need for the contribution of school education common to international interest, understanding, international coalitions, global peace movement against war, and eliminations of conflicts between region and nations.
  10. 10. 4. CULTURAL FUNCTIONS • refer to the contribution of schools to the cultural transmission and development at different levels of society. A.AT THE INDIVIDUAL LEVEL  schools help students to develop their creativity and aesthetic awareness and to be socialized with the successful norms, values, and beliefs of society.
  11. 11. B. AT THE INSTITUTIONAL LEVEL  schools act as a place for systematic cultural transmission to and reproduction of the next generation, cultural integration among the multiple and diverse constituencies, and cultural revitalization of the outdated poor traditions. C. AT THE COMMUNITY AND SOCIETY LEVELS  schools often serve as a cultural unit carrying the explicit norms and expectations of the local community,  Revitalize the strengths of the existing culture such that the society or nation can reduce internal conflicts and wastage
  12. 12.  transmit all the important values and artifacts of society to students  integrate the diverse subcultures from different background  build up a unifying force for national conflicts. D. AT THE INTERNATIONAL LEVEL  schools can encourage appreciation of cultural diversity and acceptance of different norms, traditions, values, and beliefs in different countries and regions, and finally contribute to the development of global culture through integration of different cultures.
  13. 13. 5. EDUCATION FUNCTIONS • refer to the contribution of schools to the development and maintenance of education at the different levels of society. A.AT THE INDIVIDUAL LEVEL  it is important for schools to help students how to learn and help teachers to learn how to teach  Facilitating teachers’ professional development
  14. 14. B. AT THE INSTITUTIONAL LEVEL  school serve as a systematic place for a systematic learning, teaching, and disseminating knowledge, and as a center for systematically experimenting and implementing educational changes and developments. C. AT THE COMMUNITY AND SOCIETY LEVELS  schools provide service for different educational needs of the local community  facilitate development of education professions and education structures,
  15. 15.  disseminate knowledge and information to the next generation,  Contribute to the formation of learning society D. AT THE INTERNATIONAL LEVEL  in order to promote mutual understanding among nations and build “build up a global family” for the younger generation, schools can contribute to the development of global education and international education exchange and cooperation  schools can make an important contribution to education for the whole world
  16. 16. 2.3 MANIFEST FUNCTIONS OF SCHOOLS The manifest functions of education are the open and intended goals or consequences of activities within an organization or institution 1.SOCIALIZATION  from kindergarten through college, schools teach students the student role, specific academic subjects, and political socialization
  17. 17.  in the primary and secondary schools, students are taught specific subject matter appropriate to their age, skill level and previous education experience  in the college level, students focus on more detailed knowledge of subjects that they have previously studied while also being exposed to the new research areas --- study and
  18. 18. 2. SOCIAL CONTROL  schools are responsible for teaching values such as discipline, respect, obedience, punctuality, and perseverance.  schools teach conformity by encouraging young people to be good students, conscientious, future workers, and low-abiding citizens. 3. SOCIAL PLACEMENT  schools are responsible for identifying the most qualified people to fill available positions in society
  19. 19. 4. TRANSMITTING CULTURE  as a social institution, education performs a rather conservable function – transmitting the dominant culture  through schooling, each generation of young people is exposed to the existing beliefs, norms and values of our culture  we learn respect for social control and reverence for established institutions such as religion, the family, and the government
  20. 20. 5. PROMOTING SOCIAL AND POLITICAL INTEGRATION  education political serves and the social latent function integration by of promoting transforming its population composed of diverse ethnic and religious groups into a society whose members share – to some extent at least – a common identity
  21. 21. 6. AGENT OF CHANGE  education can stimulate or bring about desired social change  it promotes social change by serving as meeting ground where each society’s distinctive beliefs and traditions can be shared  numerous sociological studies have revealed the increased years of formal schooling are associated with openness to new ideas and more liberal social and political viewpoints.
  22. 22. 2.4 LATENT FUNCTIONS OF SCHOOLS 1. RESTRICTING SOME ACTIVITIES  in our society there are laws that require children to attend school or complete a primary and secondary education  keep students off the street and out of the fulltime job market for a number of years, by helping keep unemployment within reasonable bounds.
  23. 23. 2. MATCHMAKING AND PRODUCTION OF SOCIAL NETWORKS  because school brings together people of similar ages, social class, and race, young people often meet future marriage partners and develop social networks that may last for many years
  24. 24. 3. CREATION OF GENERATION GAP  students may learn information in school that contradicts beliefs held by their parents or their religion  a generation gap is created when education conflicts with parental attitudes and beliefs
  25. 25. Presented To: Dr. Felicidad O. Rodelas Presented By: Anne Bernadette E. Laudato