Name of the drug : MirenaComponent : intrauterine device ( levonorgestrel releasing IUD)Mechanism of action : endometrial ...
Name of the drug :Component : intrauterine device ( copper bearing IUD)Mechanism of action : 1-inflammatory reaction (inhi...
Name of the drug : Yasmin.Component : 30 mcg ethinylestradiol + 3mg drospirenone.Mechanism of action : combined oral contr...
Name of the drug : PrimolutComponent : norethisterone 5mgMechanism of action : Progesterone.Usage : contraception , severe...
Name of the drug : Depo ProveraComponent : Medroxyprogesterone acetateMechanism of action : Progesterone .Usage : contrace...
Name of the drug :Component : 11 white tablets (2mg estradiol)10 brown tablets (2mg estradiol with 0.5mg norgestrel)Mechan...
Name of the drug : Diane 35Component : Cyproterone acetate (2 mg) + Ethinylestradiol (0.035 mg)Mechanism of action : anti-...
Name of the drug :Component : copy of the natural human FSHMechanism of action : stimulates the maturation of ova.Usage : ...
Name of the drug :Component : choriogonadotropin alfa : copy of the human hCG.Mechanism of action : trigger ovulation (lik...
Name of the drug : ClomidComponent : clomiphene citrate.Mechanism of action : estrogen receptor antagonist.Usage : ovulati...
Name of the drug : DiclairComponent : gonadotrophin.Mechanism of action : human chorionic gonadotrophin.Usage : ovulation ...
Name of the drug : FemproComponent : Letrozole.Mechanism of action : aromatase inhibitor (inhibit estrogen formation)Usage...
Name of the drug : DOSTINEXComponent : cabergolineMechanism of action : dopamine receptor agonistUsage : hyperprolactinemi...
Name of the drug : ColetteComponent : cabergoline.Mechanism of action : dopamine receptor agonist.Usage : hyperprolactinem...
Name of the drug : DoperginComponent : LisurideMechanism of action : partial dopamine receptor agonist..Usage : hyperprola...
Name of the drug : PIOPHAGEComponent : metformin.Mechanism of action : decrese peripheral insulin resistance.Usage : insul...
Name of the drug : RegelleComponent : norethisterone.Mechanism of action : progesterone.Usage : regulate menstruation , en...
Name of the drug : Zoladex.Component : goserelin .Mechanism of action : GnRH analogue (agonist).Usage : menorrhagia , endo...
Name of the drug : AMINOR.Component : 5mg norethisterone acetate.Mechanism of action : progesterone.Usage : regulate menst...
Name of the drug : EXACYLComponent : tranexamic acid (cyklokapron).Mechanism of action : anti-fibrinolytic , reversibly in...
Name of the drug : MAGNESIUN SULFATEComponent : magnesium sulfate.Mechanism of action : physiologic calcium antagonist.Usa...
Name of the drug : Calcium Gluconate 10%Component : calciumMechanism of action : antidote of magnesium sulfate toxicity.Us...
Name of the drug : ApresolineComponent : hydralazine hydrochlorideMechanism of action : vasodilator.Usage : pre-eclampsia....
Name of the drug : SyntocinonComponent : oxytocin.Mechanism of action : stimulate the smooth muscle contraction of the ute...
Name of the drug : MethrgineComponent : methylergonovine maleate.Mechanism of action : increases the tone, rate of uterine...
Name of the drug :Component : Enoxaparine : low molecular weight heparin (LMWH)Mechanism of action :activate anti-thrombin...
Medications
Medications
Medications
Medications
Medications
Medications
Medications
Medications
Medications
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Medications

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Medications

  1. 1. Name of the drug : MirenaComponent : intrauterine device ( levonorgestrel releasing IUD)Mechanism of action : endometrial shedding , cervical mucus thickeningUsage : 1-long-term contraception (up to 5 years) .2-dysmenorrhoea.3-menorrhagia.4-decrease incidence and severity of PID.Dosage : release 20mcg/24 hours. Inserted in first 7 days of cycle.Side effects :1-headache,acne.2-perforation (during insertion).3-expulsion (first month).4- 1% failure = ectopic.
  2. 2. Name of the drug :Component : intrauterine device ( copper bearing IUD)Mechanism of action : 1-inflammatory reaction (inhibit implantation).2-toxic effect on sperm motility (inhibit fertilization).Usage : long-term contraception (up to 5 years) .Dosage : contain 380 mm copper. Inserted in first 7 days of cycle.Side effects :1-copper allergy.2-dysmenorrhoea.3-menorrhagia.4-not protect against PID.2-perforation (during insertion).3-expulsion (first month).4- 1% failure = ectopic.
  3. 3. Name of the drug : Yasmin.Component : 30 mcg ethinylestradiol + 3mg drospirenone.Mechanism of action : combined oral contraceptive pill (OCP).Usage : contraception , severe menorrhagia.Dosage :1 tab/day for 21 days (5 – 25 of cycle) + 7 days tab free (3 weeks on, 1 weekoff)Side effects :
  4. 4. Name of the drug : PrimolutComponent : norethisterone 5mgMechanism of action : Progesterone.Usage : contraception , severe menorrhagia , dysmenorrhoea , endometriosis.Dosage : 1capsule /day for 3 months (250mg)Side effects :1-Fluid retention.2-Breast discomfort.3-Dizziness.4-Depressed mood.
  5. 5. Name of the drug : Depo ProveraComponent : Medroxyprogesterone acetateMechanism of action : Progesterone .Usage : contraception , severe menorrhagia , dysmenorrhoea , endometriosis.Dosage : 150 mg IM injection every 3 months.Side effects :1-Fluid retention.2-Breast discomfort.3-Dizziness.4-Depressed mood.
  6. 6. Name of the drug :Component : 11 white tablets (2mg estradiol)10 brown tablets (2mg estradiol with 0.5mg norgestrel)Mechanism of action : estrogen and progesterone.Usage : HRT in menopause of premature ovarian failure.Dosage :1 tab/day for 21 days (5 – 25 of cycle) + 7 days tabfree (3 weeks on, 1 week off)Side effects :Weight gain or lossHeadachelower abdominal pain
  7. 7. Name of the drug : Diane 35Component : Cyproterone acetate (2 mg) + Ethinylestradiol (0.035 mg)Mechanism of action : anti-androgen effect and estrogenic effect.Usage : Hirsutism of PCOS , contraception.Dosage :1 tab/day for 21 days (5 – 25 of cycle) + 7 days tab free (3 weeks on, 1 weekoff)Side effects :1-abdominal cramping, bloating.2-appetite changes.3-breast pain, tenderness, swelling.
  8. 8. Name of the drug :Component : copy of the natural human FSHMechanism of action : stimulates the maturation of ova.Usage : 1-ovulation induction2-assisted reproductive techniques (IVF)3- patient not respond to treatment with clomiphene citrateDosage :Side effects : 1-ovarian cyst.2-ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)
  9. 9. Name of the drug :Component : choriogonadotropin alfa : copy of the human hCG.Mechanism of action : trigger ovulation (like LH hormone).Usage : 1-ovulation induction2-assisted reproductive techniques (IVF)Dosage :250 micrograms SC given 24 to 48 hours after the ovaries have producedfollicles that are mature to ovulation.Side effects : 1-ovarian cyst.2-ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)
  10. 10. Name of the drug : ClomidComponent : clomiphene citrate.Mechanism of action : estrogen receptor antagonist.Usage : ovulation induction (Amenorrhoea , PCOS).Dosage : 50mg/day for 5 days(day 2-6 of cycle) , try 100mg/day if ineffective.Side effects :1-hot flush.2-abdominal discomfort3-ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome4-ectopic pregnancy…
  11. 11. Name of the drug : DiclairComponent : gonadotrophin.Mechanism of action : human chorionic gonadotrophin.Usage : ovulation induction.Dosage : SC in 2-6 days of cycle (for 5 days).Side effects :
  12. 12. Name of the drug : FemproComponent : Letrozole.Mechanism of action : aromatase inhibitor (inhibit estrogen formation)Usage : premature ovarian failure.Dosage : 2.5 mg tablet , used in 2-6 days of the cycle (for 5 days).Side effects :
  13. 13. Name of the drug : DOSTINEXComponent : cabergolineMechanism of action : dopamine receptor agonistUsage : hyperprolactinemia (infertility – galactorrhoea)Dosage : 2 tabs/week for 4 weeks (0.5mg)Side effects :1-Nausea.2-Sleepiness.
  14. 14. Name of the drug : ColetteComponent : cabergoline.Mechanism of action : dopamine receptor agonist.Usage : hyperprolactinemia (infertility – galactorrhoea)Dosage : 2tabs/week for 4 weeks (0.5mg)Side effects :1-Nausea.2-Sleepiness.
  15. 15. Name of the drug : DoperginComponent : LisurideMechanism of action : partial dopamine receptor agonist..Usage : hyperprolactinemia (infertility – galactorrhoea)Dosage : 3 tab/day for 14 days (0.2mg) .Side effects :1-Nausea.2-Sleepiness.
  16. 16. Name of the drug : PIOPHAGEComponent : metformin.Mechanism of action : decrese peripheral insulin resistance.Usage : insulin resistance in PCOS.Dosage :Side effects :
  17. 17. Name of the drug : RegelleComponent : norethisterone.Mechanism of action : progesterone.Usage : regulate menstruation , endometriosis , dysmenorrhoea.Dosage : 3 tabs /day for 10 days (5mg)Side effects :1- breakthrough bleeding, spotting.2- changes in liver function.3- depression, headache, dizziness.4- fluid retention, bloating, weight gain.
  18. 18. Name of the drug : Zoladex.Component : goserelin .Mechanism of action : GnRH analogue (agonist).Usage : menorrhagia , endometriosis.Dosage : 3.6mgSide effects :
  19. 19. Name of the drug : AMINOR.Component : 5mg norethisterone acetate.Mechanism of action : progesterone.Usage : regulate menstruation , endometriosis , dysmenorrhoea.Dosage : 1 tablet/day for 20 days.Side effects :
  20. 20. Name of the drug : EXACYLComponent : tranexamic acid (cyklokapron).Mechanism of action : anti-fibrinolytic , reversibly inhibit plasminogen activator.Usage : menorrhagia.Dosage : 1 tablet/day for 20 days.Side effects :1-nausea , vomitting.2-rarely thrombosis.
  21. 21. Name of the drug : MAGNESIUN SULFATEComponent : magnesium sulfate.Mechanism of action : physiologic calcium antagonist.Usage : prophylaxis and treatment of eclamptic fit.Dosage :4 g over 5–15 minutes followed by IV infusion , 1 g/hour for at least 24 hours.Side effects :1- respiratory depression.2-drowsiness, confusion, loss of tendon reflexes3-oliguria.RequireCalcium Gluconate!
  22. 22. Name of the drug : Calcium Gluconate 10%Component : calciumMechanism of action : antidote of magnesium sulfate toxicity.Usage : used for magnesium sulfate overdose.Dosage : 1g IV single dose slowly.Side effects :1- tingling sensations.2-arrhythmia.
  23. 23. Name of the drug : ApresolineComponent : hydralazine hydrochlorideMechanism of action : vasodilator.Usage : pre-eclampsia.Dosage : 5-10 mg slow IV injection, repeated after 20 minutes if necessary.Side effects :1- palpitation.2-headache.3-flushing.4- dizziness,.
  24. 24. Name of the drug : SyntocinonComponent : oxytocin.Mechanism of action : stimulate the smooth muscle contraction of the uterus.Usage :1-induction and augmintation of labor : 5IU in 500ml fluid.2-third stage of labor : 5IU when the anterior shoulder is delivered3-post-partum hemorrhage : 10 IU bolus then 40IU infusionmaintain.Dosage : discussed above.Side effects :1- tachycardia.2- headache.3-nause,vomitting.
  25. 25. Name of the drug : MethrgineComponent : methylergonovine maleate.Mechanism of action : increases the tone, rate of uterine contraction.Usage : prevent PPH following delivery of the placenta, uterine atony.Dosage : IV 0.2 mg, administered slowly.Side effects :1- abdominal pain.2- hypertension.3-seizure.
  26. 26. Name of the drug :Component : Enoxaparine : low molecular weight heparin (LMWH)Mechanism of action :activate anti-thrombin III , heigher anti-factor Xa to antifactor IIa activityratio.Usage : prevention ,treatment of venous thromboembolic disease (DVT,PE)In prolong bedridden and surgical prophylaxis.Dosage : 1mg/kg twice daily SC injection for 10 days (60 mg Sc q 2).Side effects :1- bleeding (epistaxis , gum bleed).2- painful rash at the injection site.
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