West Africa Contemporary Music

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Es una muy grata sorpresa la calidad de la música de África Occidental y Marruecos y me pareció muy interesante conocer los instrumentos musicales que utilizan y la gran tradición de sus músicos. La …

Es una muy grata sorpresa la calidad de la música de África Occidental y Marruecos y me pareció muy interesante conocer los instrumentos musicales que utilizan y la gran tradición de sus músicos. La presentación incluye 6 fragmentos musicales.

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  • @carmadruga Que bueno que te guste este tipo de música, a mi también me parece formidable y como le comentaba a Luis, en el caso de los virtuosos de la Kora ó Arpa Africana, su música bien podría ser considerada como clásica.

    Gracias por tus siempre positivos comentarios, Carmen.

    Un abrazo!
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  • Me encanta esa música. Amigo Alfredo, muchas gracias por este estupendo trabajo, lleno de información y con todo lujo de detalles sobre los instrumentos. Felicidades. Un abrazo.
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  • @secotias71 Gracias José Pedro, me da mucho gusto que te haya parecido interesante la información y la música.
    Un Saludo desde el otro lado del Atlántico.
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  • Un trabajo muy especializado y aportando como siempre mucha información, gracias por compartirlo, un saludo desde España
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  • @luistorosoto Gracias amigo Luis. Efectivamente es una música muy poco conocida pero muy rítmica y muy melodiosa y en el caso de la Kora ó Arpa africana, me atrevo a decir que parece música clásica.
    Un abrazo!
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  • 1. West Africa Contemporary Music"Music may achieve the highest of all missions: she may be a bondbetween nations, races, and states, who are strangers in many ways;she may unite what is disunited and bring peace to what is hostile." Dr. Max Bendiner Fantasie Toumani Diabate
  • 2. African MusicAfrica is a vast continent and its regions and nations have distinct musicaltraditions. The music of North Africa for the most part has a distinct history fromsub-Saharan African music traditions.North Africa is the seat of the Mediterranean culture, including ancient Egypt andCarthage, civilizations with strong ties to the ancient Near East and which haveheavily influenced the ancient Greek and Roman cultures. North Africa was laterconquered by the Arabs, who established the region as the Maghreb of the Arabworld.The musical genres of the Nile Valley and the Horn of Africa, have close ties withMiddle Eastern music.Eastern Africa and the islands of the Indic Ocean, have received some influencesfrom the Arabic, Indian, Indonesian and Polynesian music. However, the originalmusical traditions are based on the culture of the sub-saharan tribes speaking theNíger and Congo indigenous languages.
  • 3. Southern, Central and West Africa are similarly in the broad Sub-Saharan musicaltradition, but draw their ancillary influences primarily from Western Europe andNorth America. North AfricaThe music and dance forms of theAfrican diaspora include African NiloAmerican music and many Caribbean Valleyand Latin American genres, such as Western Africa Horn ofsamba, rumba, salsa, soca, calypso Africaand zouk, which were founded to Centralvarying degrees on the music of Africa Easternenslaved Africans, who with his Africatraditional innate ability for dancingand playing musical instruments, Southernstrongly influenced popular music of Africamany countries of the world.
  • 4. Contemporary West Africa & Morocco Musicians Majid Bekkas Juldeh Camara Toumani DiabateFoday Musa Suso Muhamadou Salieu Suso
  • 5. String Musical Instruments of Morocco The Oud is one stringed instrument characterized by a round-backed body with either one or three holes, and a headstock that is bent back from the neck. GuembriThree strings bassBajo con 3 cuerdas
  • 6. String Musical Instruments of West AfricaEspecially popular in Senegal, Gambia and Mali The Kora is a harp built from a large calabash cut in half and covered with cow skin to make a resonator with a long hardwood neck. The skin is supported by two handles that run under it, and it supports a notched double free-standing bridge. Traditional koras feature 21 strings, eleven played by the left hand and ten by the right.Kora The Riti is a single-string fiddle of Senegal and Gambia. It is played to accompany praise singing and acrobatic dancing, usually together with several calabashes, which are used as percussion instruments.Riti
  • 7. Majid Bekkas, Oud and Guembri virtuoso, guitar professor and singer, has longbeen a star in his home country Morocco.Over the last few years, he has found his way into the European jazz scenethrough his collaborations with Archie Shepp, Louis Sclavis, Flavio Boltro andKlaus Doldinger.Abdelmajid Bekkas was born and still lives in Salé, Morocco. He studiedclassical guitar and oud at the National Conservatory of Music and Dance inRabat and learnt Gnawa music through the teachings of the master BaHoumane.Gnawa appeared in the 16th century. During the conquest of Sudan, Ahmed ElMansour Dahbi set up the first trading and cultural links between Timbuktu,near Zagora where Bekkas comes from, and Marrakech. Chabkrou Majid Bekkas
  • 8. The secular music is still considered the "healer of souls" from Essaouira toMarrakech, easily understandable when you listen to the spellbinding sound ofBekkas voice, guembri and guitar. Like a watermark, the mystery of Africa can befelt in the background, alongside the blues.Gnawa s intact purity is the essence of the authenticity. By claiming to be part ofAfrica, the mother of the blues and its numerous offspring such as funk, Bekkas isplacing Gnawa in its primary dimension. By opening the spectrum, includingelements of contemporary western music, Bekkas attains a universal status that isnurtured by the path he travelled.These include: jazz, alongside pioneers such as Peter Brötzmann, Archie Shepp,Flavio Boltro, Louis Sclavis.Bekkas openness and ability to balance modernism and memory with a rare talentthat knews no compromise, frees the music from the stamp of time. The memoryis that of pain and wisdom, of songs that come from the slaves of Africa.
  • 9. Juldeh Camara Born in 1966 in Basse, West Africa, Juldeh Camara is a Gambian griot and master musician. A griot is a West African historian, storyteller, praise singer, poet and musician. The griot is a repository of oral tradition.His blind father received the gift of music from forest spirits who took the use of hiseyes in return. Playing the Riti, a one- stringed fiddle, he participated as a griot intraditional Fula society.Camara has been recognized as the leading Riti player in the world.Camara has played with Ifang Bondi, The Blind Boys of Alabama, Batanai Marimba,Knut Reiersrud, kora player Seckou Keita and Tunde Jegedes African ClassicalEnsemble, where in 2009 he performed at St. Denis Cathedral in Paris which includedOumou Sangare, Toumani Diabate, Kasse Mady Diabate, Sambou Susso and theBrodsky Quartet.More recently he has established a successful partnership with the famous rock guitarplayer Justin Adams, releasing their collaborative albums "Soul Science","Tell No Lies" in May 2009 and "The Trance Sessions" EP in February 2010. Nightwalk Juldeh Camara & Justin Adams
  • 10. Toumani Diabaté was born in Mali, August 10, 1965. He is a master kora player.In addition to performing the traditional music of Mali, he has also been involved incross-cultural collaborations with flamenco, blues, jazz, and other international styles.He has collaborated with flamenco group Ketama, forming a combined group knownas Songhai and releasing two recordings.Diabaté comes from a long family tradition of kora players including his father SidikiDiabaté, who recorded the first ever kora album in 1970.His familys oral tradition tells of 71 generations of musicians preceding him in apatrilineal line. His cousin Sona Jobarteh is the first female kora player to come froma Griot family. Kala Djula Toumani Diabate & Ali Farka Toure
  • 11. In September 2005, he released the album “In the Heart of the Moon”, for which hecollaborated with Ali Farka Touré.The album went on to win the 2006 Grammy Award for Best Traditional World MusicAlbum.On July 25, 2006 he released the album “Boulevard de lIndépendance”, recordedwith his Symmetric Orchestra.The Symmetric Orchestra led by Toumani Diabaté is composed of musicians (mostlygriots) from the across the old Mande Empire of west Africa, who play a mix oftraditional instruments including the kora, djembe, balafon and bolombatto, as well asmodern ones like the guitar and electronic keyboard.
  • 12. Foday Musa Suso, was born in Sarre Hamadi Village, Wuli District, in the UpperRiver Division of eastern Gambia.Foday is a musician and composer. He is a member of the Mandinka ethnic group,and is a griot, oral historian and musician of the Mandingo people who live inseveral west African nations. Suso is a direct descendent of Jali Madi Wlen Suso,the griot who invented the kora over four centuries ago.He spent his childhood in a traditional Gambian village, in a household filled withkora music. Though his father was a master kora player, in griot tradition a fatherdoes not teach his own children the instrument. Ocean Wave Foday Musa Suso & Jack DeJohnette
  • 13. When Foday was 9, his father sent him to live with master kora teacher SekouSuso in the village of Pasamasi, Wuli District. He trained with Sekou Suso until theage of 18. Susos primary instrument is the kora, but he also plays the gravikordand several other instruments.Suso emigrated to Chicago in 1977, being one of the first jalis to relocate to NorthAmerica. Once in Chicago, he formed the Mandingo Griot Society, which playedfusion music around the world.He has performed with Philip Glass, Bill Laswell, Pharoah Sanders, JackDeJohnette, Ginger Baker, Paul Simon and the Kronos Quartet. He hascontributed to music for the Olympic Games in 1984 and 2004.His electrified kora can also be heard on several tracks on Herbie Hancocks 1984electro-funk album Sound-System.The following year, Suso and Hancock came out with another album, “Village Life”,that consists entirely of duets between them, Hancock on synthesizer and Suso onkora, talking drums, and vocals.
  • 14. Muhamadou Salieu Suso, was born into a family of farmers and traditional Gambian musicians/historians that extends back nearly 1,000 years. He was trained to play the 21 stringed Kora (West African Harp) beginning at age 8 by his father, renowned Kora player Alhaji Musa Makang Suso. He is a descendent of JaliMady Wulayn Suso, the inventor of the Kora.Suso graduated from high school in The Gambia, West Africa. Speaks Englishfluently and Mandingo, Fula, Wolof, Sarahulay and some German.Before settling in the United States in 1989, Suso performed widely throughoutAfrica and Europe. Salieu Suso is the leader of the “Jaliya Kafo Extended FamilyMusic Ensemble”, and is a leader in the nation’s rapidly growing African musicscene. Suso actively freelances with other groups Sutukung Mohamadou Salieu Suso
  • 15. E N DOther Biographies at :www.slideshare.net/aavmvazquez AVM 08.09.2012