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  • I could say that the green movement has been around a while, but it hasn&#x2019;t. It has only been around the past few decades, and thats not a long time considering the industrial revolution, the start of our large scale environmental destruction, started over 200 years ago. These are just a few of the adjectives that can be used to describe this rampant environmentalism. The first one being the most powerful. It is different from every other movement in history. Movements in the past were related to race, religion, ideology. This movement transcends all of those boundaries to encompass the entire planet, literally. It concerns every human being, every life, on earth and makes no discrimination save between those who are willing and those who are in denial. <br />
  • This is the highest resolution picture of planet Earth EVER taken. It may seem weird that a picture of the earth has anything to do with green architecture, but it had an enourmous influence on the first green pioneers. Norman Foster, the foremost urban architect in the world, is of the opinion that the first true environmentalists were the first astronauts and cosmonauts. They were the first people to see the world in all it&#x2019;s glory, and also the first to realize that it is just a planet, a sphere that we inhabit. That sphere is not immune to harm, and they were the first to see the world as planet earth, not a collection of countries in a permanent existence. It is that mentality that has driven the green movement to the point it has reached today. Our place on earth is entirely dependent on our own desire. Desire to stay is not enough, desire to thrive is what is necessary. <br />
  • High Education. This is the Stuckeman building on the Penn State&apos;s main campus. It is the architecture and landscape architecture studio. It is the greenest building on campus and is doing something else entirely. In it, professors training the next generation of architects to think for the future and the earth, not just the client. They learn from the building and they are training to create other green buildings. When I visited the building, it had the perfect atmosphere as well as being incredibly green. It collects rainwater, is made mostly of recycled materials, and runs on 100% renewable energy. The space inside is very open and bright, a perfect atmosphere for work. This kind of atmosphere is what architects are trying to capture. We spend a large majority of our lives indoors. Those buildings should be catered to a productive environment, not one that is dull and toxic to creativity. <br />
  • The urban environment is the most destructive with regards to the planet. It is condensed, it is complicated, and the energy use is obscene. This is only a major problem in the United States. Our cities were built from the ground up in the last 200 years. They were designed with efficiency of travel in mind, not efficiency of energy. Room for cars to drive, spread out population to allow for a more comfortable living space, and not a lot of park space because that is space that could be used for profit. <br />
  • In Europe, for as opposed to here, the cities are older. They were built from the ground up over the past century or two. There were no such things as cars a century ago. Neither were there many businesses to worry about efficiency for because everything was feudal and agriculturally based. Venice, for example, was built on the water so that boats could be used as transportation for people and trade. The city is essentially the only city large city on the planet almost completely devoid of gas-powered transportation. <br />
  • Munich, Germany. A very old European city that illustrates the the less extreme point perfectly. The square is filled with people and virtually no vehicles. The city is condensed yet efficient. The denser a city, the more need for efficiency, and the more efficient a city is, the greener it is. Less energy is needed to run the city, and people get around easier without cars to ruin the atmosphere. Green design has been around for a long, long time, it just hasn&apos;t been recognized until environmental destruction came along. <br />
  • Munich, Germany. A very old European city that illustrates the point perfectly. The square is filled with people and virtually no vehicles. The city is condensed yet efficient. The denser a city, the more need for efficiency, and the more efficient a city is, the greener it is. Less energy is needed to run the city, and people get around easier without cars to ruin the atmosphere. Green design has been around for a long, long time, it just hasn&apos;t been recognized until environmental destruction came along. <br />
  • An Inconvenient Truth was released in 2006 and I&apos;m sure that the vast majority of people in this room have seen it. It is a documentary about Al Gore&apos;s presentation on global warming, a presentation he has given hundreds or thousands of times around the world. He is the face of global warming because he is in a position to and has done more than anyone else to increase awareness. The presentation that he gives focusses on carbon dioxide, a key greenhouse gas, that traps heat and warms the earth. It is because of human beings that these levels are higher than they have ever been in history. <br /> <br /> Gore, Al. An Inconvenient Truth. Davis Guggenheim. Participant Productions, <br /> &#xA0;&#xA0;&#xA0;&#xA0;&#xA0;2006. Film. <br />
  • Green architecture is not necessarily design for the preservation of the environment, it is creative ways to solve problems. Modern architects are being trained to come up with creative ways to solve problems. The difference between an architect and an engineer is that an engineer will find the most efficient method to solving a problem. Not to say that an architect doesn&apos;t find efficient methods, an architect uses perspective to solve problems in the many efficient ways. There could be five different architects working on the same problem and you would get five vastly different approaches with fairly equal efficiency. Architecture is creativity, and green methodology in and of itself requires creative solutions. <br />
  • When a single entity is causing half of our emissions over the entire country, a broad spectrum solution is possible. Even though that single entity is comprised of millions of units, green architecture is the answer. If the HVAC systems of buildings, the heating ventilation and air conditioning, were to be made efficient, than the production of carbon dioxide in the United States would plumit. I plan to make our school very efficient in this manner, with most of my green ideas focussing around the climate control of the school. <br />
  • Norman Foster is the premier architect of this age. What that means is that many people consider him to be the head of his field. His architecture firm, Foster + Partners, is responsible for hundreds of major projects around the world. They have offices in over 150 cities in over 50 countries. He personally was involved in the Beijing airport, the largest singular building in the world. He was also responsible for remodeling the Hearst Tower, the slide before this one, and is also involved in rebuilding 200 Greenwich Street, one of the buildings damaged on 9/11/01. He is promoting green technology in all that he builds and is even thinking on the large scale with regards to greening entire cities. The idea that denser cities are greener was his. <br />
  • Norman Foster is the premier architect of this age. What that means is that many people consider him to be the head of his field. His architecture firm, Foster + Partners, is responsible for hundreds of major projects around the world. They have offices in over 150 cities in over 50 countries. He personally was involved in the Beijing airport, the largest singular building in the world. He was also responsible for remodeling the Hearst Tower, the slide before this one, and is also involved in rebuilding 200 Greenwich Street, one of the buildings damaged on 9/11/01. He is promoting green technology in all that he builds and is even thinking on the large scale with regards to greening entire cities. The idea that denser cities are greener was his. <br />
  • The Hearst tower was remodeled by Norman Foster. It is part of an initiative to move New York towards a greener future. The many green technologies used are a great example of vastly improving the value of commercial buildings. As I said before, the air quality is what makes a building healthy or harmful. (quote above.) Some of the other technologies being used are far older than the green movement. The stone floors and 3 story waterfall are used to control the temperature of the lobby and keep the humidity at a good level. The windows themselves are coated in a radiation-reflecting sheet so that the sun&#x2019;s radiation doesn&#x2019;t raise the temperature to uncomfortable levels. Speaking of light, the was also made with fewer internal walls. This means that light from the windows can diffuse farther into the rooms and make the use of artificial light less necessary. Also, it improves the mood of the workers who don&#x2019;t necessarily have window offices. <br />
  • Norman Foster is the premier architect of this age. What that means is that many people consider him to be the head of his field. His architecture firm, Foster + Partners, is responsible for hundreds of major projects around the world. They have offices in over 150 cities in over 50 countries. He personally was involved in the Beijing airport, the largest singular building in the world. He was also responsible for remodeling the Hearst Tower, the slide before this one, and is also involved in rebuilding 200 Greenwich Street, one of the buildings damaged on 9/11/01. He is promoting green technology in all that he builds and is even thinking on the large scale with regards to greening entire cities. The idea that denser cities are greener was his. <br />
  • LEED stands for Leadership in Engineering Environmental Design. It is the standards list for all green buildings. If someone wants their building to be truly environmental, the architect or engineer will seek LEED certification. It is basically a checklist, or at least the free part is a checklist. There is a handbook that comes out every year on HOW to make your building LEED certified. There are ratings up to gold and platinum. The process is extremely rigorous because every single thing about the building must be verified from where the materials came from to exactly how much of a particular utility is being used. <br />
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  • LEED stands for Leadership in Engineering Environmental Design. It is the standards list for all green buildings. If someone wants their building to be truly environmental, the architect or engineer will seek LEED certification. It is basically a checklist, or at least the free part is a checklist. There is a handbook that comes out every year on HOW to make your building LEED certified. There are ratings up to gold and platinum. The process is extremely rigorous because every single thing about the building must be verified from where the materials came from to exactly how much of a particular utility is being used. <br />
  • Geothermal heat is one of the most efficient heating systems. It is derived from the heat of the earth, which is independent of weather or sunlight. The temperature of the ground steadily increases as you delve deeper into the earth. Water is circulated through plastic pipes below the earth to either heat or cool the house. It is extremely efficient because there is no heat transfer or conversion. <br />
  • Light shelves are perfect for diffusing sunlight. Artificial lighting is, if you remember, one of the major causes for the production of carbon dioxide. These light shelves, placed on every window, will block harsh midday sun as well as reflect light farther into the room to reduce the need for artificial lighting. It is a great way to save energy cost. <br />
  • Green roofs are what most people think of when they visualize a green building. It is more than just a grassy roof. Yes, it adds the extra green space, but it also does wonders for the building itself. For commercial buildings, it increases the value of the building, in effect securing future payoff of the cost to build it. For any structure it is on, the green roof will actually extend the life of the regular roof 200% to 300%. And, for our climate, it insulates the building. It will actually hold in the heat during the winter months, reducing the cost of air conditioning. <br />
  • In effect, green technology is great for the environment, but the goal is to also be a healthy environment for the people occupying the building. The air quality is always a factor in keeping the building clean. Even aside from the physical well being of the occupants, mental health is another fact. For a long time, buildings were all about efficiency of space and not about the well being of the users. Wide, open common spaces are a breath of fresh air in a cramped building. Students and faculty spend a large amount of time in the school every day. Why, then, should it not be an enjoyable place to stay? <br />
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Sgp Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. GREEN ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGNING OUR NEW HIGH SCHOOL ANDREW ATTANASIO
  • 2. Thesis Green technology is not only a large part of the future of architecture, it is a large part of the future of the earth. I will prove that green technology, as well as environmental states of mind, will create a healthier future with regards to where and how we live.
  • 3. IMPORTANCE To ME... To YOU... My home planet YOUR home planet LEGOs High School Experience Architect??? Your kids?
  • 4. Green Movement D C I M T i o n o r f n n d a f t o e n e r v r s r o a n c e v t e n e i n t r v d s e a i n a t l Salzman, Lorna. "A History of the Green Movement in the US." Lorna Salzman.      N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2010. <http://www.lornasalzman.com/      collectedwritings/green_history.html>.
  • 5. Foster, Norman. "Norman Foster's Green Agenda." TED. Munich. Jan. 2007. TED.      Web. 2 Mar. 2010. <http://www.ted.com/talks/      norman_foster_s_green_agenda.html>.
  • 6. "Stuckeman Family Center - SALA." Penn State Office of Physical Plant.      Pennsylvania State U, 2006. Web. 3 Mar. 2010. <http://energy.opp.psu.edu/      green-buildings/stuckeman-family-center-sala-building>.
  • 7. URBAN ENVIRONMENT Foster, Norman. "Norman Foster's Green Agenda." TED. Munich. Jan. 2007. TED. NEW YORK CITY, NEW YORK      Web. 2 Mar. 2010. <http://www.ted.com/talks/      norman_foster_s_green_agenda.html>.
  • 8. URBAN ENVIRONMENT Foster, Norman. "Norman Foster's Green Agenda." TED. Munich. Jan. 2007. TED. VENICE, ITALY      Web. 2 Mar. 2010. <http://www.ted.com/talks/      norman_foster_s_green_agenda.html>.
  • 9. DIFFERENT URBAN ENVIRONMENT Foster, Norman. "Norman Foster's Green Agenda." TED. Munich. Jan. 2007. TED. MUNICH, GERMANY      Web. 2 Mar. 2010. <http://www.ted.com/talks/      norman_foster_s_green_agenda.html>.
  • 10. DIFFERENT URBAN ENVIRONMENT Foster, Norman. "Norman Foster's Green Agenda." TED. Munich. Jan. 2007. TED. DURLACH, GERMANY      Web. 2 Mar. 2010. <http://www.ted.com/talks/      norman_foster_s_green_agenda.html>.
  • 11. Global Warming: An Overview An Inconvenient Truth Greenhouse gases The human element Gore, Al. An Inconvenient Truth. Davis Guggenheim. Participant Productions,      2006. Film.
  • 12. GREEN ARCHITECTURE? Holland, Robert. Personal interview. Apr. 2009.
  • 13. Green Architecture and Thinking • 50% of all CO2 emissions in US come from buildings • 40% of energy use in US goes to heating, cooling, and lighting residential and commercial buildings • Not as overly complicated as one might think Gies, Erica. "Green Building Goes Mainstream." World Watch Vol. 21, No. 4 Jul/Aug 2008: 12-19. SIRS Researcher. Web. 03 March 2010.
  • 14. Norman Foster Premier architect of the age Beijing Airport Hearst Tower 200 Greenwich Street Foster, Norman. "Foster + Partners." Foster + Partners. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Mar.      2010. <http://www.fosterandpartners.com/Practice/Default.aspx>.
  • 15. Hearst Tower • Brian G. Schwagerl - “We will have the cleanest air of any other building in the city,... Everything else is gravy.” (Robin Pogrebin) • Stone floors for heat distribution • Three-Story waterfall • Radiation-reflecting windows • Fewer walls • Overall healthier to employees and more profitable for owners Pogrebin, Robin. "How Green Is My Tower?." New York Times (New York, NY) 16 Apr 2006: 2:1+. SIRS Renaissance. Web. 03 March 2010.
  • 16. "LEED for New Construction." U.S. Green Building Council. U.S. Green Building      Council, 2009. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. <http://www.usgbc.org/      ShowFile.aspx?DocumentID=5719>.
  • 17. Geothermal Heat Internal heat of the earth Direct use of heat, no conversion Not necessary to be over a hotspot Ground temperature constant below 10m Bass, Brad. "Green Roofs in WInter: Hot Design for a Cold Climate." Depends on circulation of water      News@UofT. U of Toronto, 2007. Web. 4 Mar. 2010.      <http://www.news.utoronto.ca/bin6/print/051117-1822.htm>.
  • 18. Architectural Light Shelves Reflect harsh a!ernoon sun Redirect sunlight farther into room "Interior Light Shelf." Architectural Daylighting. Architectural Daylighting,      n.d. Web. 4 Mar. 2010.
  • 19. Green Roof and Water Reclamation Perfect for winter climates Adds usable greenspace Higher initial cost Extends roof life dramatically Bass, Brad. "Green Roofs in WInter: Hot Design for a Cold Climate."      News@UofT. U of Toronto, 2007. Web. 4 Mar. 2010.      <http://www.news.utoronto.ca/bin6/print/051117-1822.htm>.
  • 20. Healthy Environment Green means healthy for planet and people Ventilation and Light Open, creative spaces Positive impact on people and community Foster, Norman. "Norman Foster's Green Agenda." TED. Munich. Jan. 2007. TED.      Web. 2 Mar. 2010. <http://www.ted.com/talks/      norman_foster_s_green_agenda.html>.
  • 21. Application
  • 22. FINAL BLUEPRINTS PROJECT SKETCHUP DATE CLIENT MAY 12, 2010 UPPER MERION AREA SCHOOL DISTRICT
  • 23. PROJECT ORIGINAL MODEL DATE CLIENT
  • 24. FINAL BLUEPRINTS PROJECT SKETCHUP DATE CLIENT MAY 12, 2010 UPPER MERION AREA SCHOOL DISTRICT
  • 25. Works Cited Attanasio, Geoffrey. Personal interview. Nov.-Dec. 2009. Bass, Brad. “Green Roofs in WInter: Hot Design for a Cold Climate.” News@UofT. U of Toronto, 2007. Web. 4 Mar. 2010. <http://www.news.utoronto.ca/‌bin6/‌print/‌ 051117-1822.htm>. Foster, Norman. “Foster + Partners.” Foster + Partners. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Mar. 2010. <http://www.fosterandpartners.com/‌Practice/‌Default.aspx>. - - -. “Norman Foster’s Green Agenda.” TED. Munich. Jan. 2007. TED. Web. 2 Mar. 2010. <http://www.ted.com/‌talks/‌norman_foster_s_green_agenda.html>. Gies, Erica. "Green Building Goes Mainstream." World Watch Vol. 21, No. 4 Jul/Aug 2008: 12-19. SIRS Researcher. Web. 03 March 2010. Gore, Al. An Inconvenient Truth. Davis Guggenheim. Participant Productions, 2006. Film. Holland, Robert. Personal interview. Apr. 2009. “Interior Light Shelf.” Architectural Daylighting. Architectural Daylighting, n.d. Web. 4 Mar. 2010. “LEED for New Construction.” U.S. Green Building Council. U.S. Green Building Council, 2009. Web. 1 Dec. 2009. <http://www.usgbc.org/‌ShowFile.aspx? DocumentID=5719>. Salzman, Lorna. “A History of the Green Movement in the US.” Lorna Salzman. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2010. <http://www.lornasalzman.com/‌collectedwritings/‌ green_history.html>. “Stuckeman Family Center - SALA.” Penn State Office of Physical Plant. Pennsylvania State U, 2006. Web. 3 Mar. 2010. <http://energy.opp.psu.edu/‌green-buildings/‌ stuckeman-family-center-sala-building>. Pogrebin, Robin. "How Green Is My Tower?." New York Times (New York, NY) 16 Apr 2006: 2:1+. SIRS Renaissance. Web. 03 March 2010.
  • 26. Conclusion Career as Architect Future of green technology Future of my life