100 years of Indian cinema
A magic of celluloid………..
TIMELINE OF INDIAN CINEMA
This ppt marks the centennial of Indian cinema. From the
monochrome pixels of Phalke’s Raja Harishchandra to the
sleek montages of Bombay Talkies (a tribute to Indian
cinema), celluloid in this country has had an eventful
journey. Selecting memorable moments from these 100
years is akin to picking favourites from Sachin's 100
hundreds—it's a tough ask and quite a contentious task.
Nevertheless, we’ve compiled a list of milestones that went
on to advance cinema in India.
Browse through the timeline and join us in the
1913: Raja Harishchandra, India’s first full length feature
film, is released at Coronation Cinematograph, Girgaum,
Bombay. Interestingly the heroine in the film was not a
female but a young boy called Salunke, who acted as
1918: Birth of censorship, with the Cinematograph Act
1919: In Bengal, six years after 'Raja Harishchandra', Madan
Theatre Company released its first silent film
'Billwamangal' in November.
1921: The first love story was made by DhirenGanguly
1926: Fatima Begam becomes first female producer /
director with BulBulParasthan.
1931: AlamAra, India’s first talkie directed by Ardeshir
Irani, is released; ‘De du khudakenaam Par’, sung by
Wazir Mohammed Khan, becomes the first Indian
Kapal Kundala (Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay’s
Bengali novel) is the first literary adaptation in Indian
cinema. The film is directed by PremankurAtorthy.
1935 :Playback singing makes its appearance with
1937 :First colour film by ArdeshirIrani called
1941 :The Court Dancer gets the honour as its credits
claim it was “the first Indian film with dialogue in
English to be entirely produced in India with all-
1946 :Neecha Nagar by ChetanAnand awarded the
Grand Prix du Festival International du Film (Best
Film) award at the first Cannes Film Festival.
1949 :Films Division is set up in Bombay.
1951 :The Central Board of Film Censors was formed.
Film Federation of India was also launched the same.
1953 :DoBighaZameen directed by Bimal Roy was
released. The film starred BalrajSahni in the lead role.
It was the first film to win Filmare Best Film award.
1955 :Satyajit Ray’s classic PatherPanchali released. Not only did the
film win National Film Award for Best Film that year, but also the Best
Human Documentary award at the 9th Cannes film festival.
1957 :Mehboob Khan’s epic film Mother India released. The film was
India's first submission for the Academy Award for Best Foreign
Language Film in 1958 and was chosen as one of the five nominations
for the category.
1959 :First Indian cinemascope film, Guru Dutt’sKaagazKePhool, is
1960: K Asif historical epic drama Mughal-e-Azam releases. Mughal-e-
Azam is the most expensive film made. It becomes the first to earn
more than Rs 5 crore (Rs 39 crore in current value) at the box office.
Starring the then lovers Dilip Kumar and Madhubala, the film took
twelve long years to complete.
1961: Hrishikesh Mukherjee’s Anuradha gets nominated for the Golden
Bear award at the Berlin International Film Festival.
1964: Satyajit Ray wins the Best Director award at the
Berlin Film Festival for his film Charulata.
1969: Rajesh Khanna starrer Aradhana releases. The
film went on to become a cult film making Rajesh
Khanna an overnight superstar.
1969 :The Dadasaheb Phalke Awards are instituted.
1975 :Release of Ramesh Sippy’s Sholay; declared ‘film
of the millennium’ by BBC India in 1999. It entered the
Guinness Book of World Records for its five-year run at
the box office. It is the only film which has enjoyed 60
The year also saw the rise of Amitabh Bachchan as the
angry young man as he starred in Yash Chopra’s cult
1982: Fashion Designer Bhanu Athaiya becomes the
first Indian to win an Oscar for the film Gandhi, by
winning the Best Costume Design award.
1984 :India’s first 3D movie, My Dear Kuttichaathan
(Malayalam), is released. It was dubbed in Hindi as
Chhota Chetan in 1998.
1987: India’s first sci-fi film Shekhar Kapoor’s Mr India
releases. Gives the country its favourite villain,
Mogambo (actor Amrish Puri played the role)
1987: Qayamat Se Qayamat Tak releases. A new
chocolate boy called Aamir Khan sweeps the nation
with his charm.
1989: Salman Khan becomes an overnight success as
Prem in Maine Pyar Kiya
1992: Honorary Oscar for Lifetime Achievement awarded to Satyajit
1993 :ShahRukh Khan plays a psycho lover to JuhiChawla in Yash
Chopra’s Darr. The film catapults SRK to big league.
1994: Hum Aapke Hai Kaun releases
1995: Aditya Chopra’s directorial debut DilwaleDulhania Le Jayenge
breaks all records and goes on to become of an all time blockbuster. It
becomes the longest-running film in the history of Indian cinema. The
film is still running at Maratha Mandir in Mumbai.
1997 :PVR Anupam in Saket, Delhi, becomes the first modern-day
2001: Aamir Khan starrer Lagaan gets nominated for an Oscar but does
2002 :Nil Nirjane (Bengali), directed by SubrataSen, is the country’s
first digital film.
2004: Dhoom became the first action movie packed with
2007: Foreign direct investments steps foot in Indian film-
making, with Sony Pictures Entertainment and SLB Films
2008: Ghajini crosses the Rs 100-crore mark in earnings;
begins the ‘100-crore club’.
2009: 3 Idiots becomes the highest grossing Indian film
ever, with Rs 300 crore.
2010: Ishqiya catapults Vidya Balan to the league of the
most powerful Bollywood artists.