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  • 1.                What  Is  Transparency  Anyway  ?   Bill  Walsh   Healthy  Building  Network   www.healthybuilding.net   www.pharosproject.net   Nexus  Webinar   August  11,  2010  
  • 2. www.healthybuilding.net   www.pharosproject.net  
  • 3. EPA  Chemicals  of  concern   Announced  12/30/09   •  Phthalates  (90%  in  Vinyl)   •  Polybrominated  diphenyl     Where  do  we  use  them?      ethers  (Flame  Retardants)  Vinyl  floors   •  Perfluorinated  chemicals   Carpets   Vinyl  wallpaper          (Stain/Water  Repellants)   Polyurethane  foam  cushion     •  Bisphenol  A  (epoxies)   Polycarbonate  glazing   Epoxy  paints  &  coa=ngs   Caulks     ………and  many  more  
  • 4. August 6, 2009 Nicholas  D.  Kristof   What’s Getting Into Our Children Baby bottles and toys have been found to contain phthalates, bisphenol A, and lead, all toxins that have been linked to reproductive and developmental disorders. . . . .As harmful elements detected in everyday household items increase, rates of chronic disease have also risen sharply - and these conditions are now the leading causes of childhood illness and death.
  • 5. July 16, 2009 Chemicals and Our Health Nichols  D.  Kristof   However careful you are about your health, your body is almost certainly home to troubling chemicals called phthalates. . . . . and many scientists have linked them to everything from sexual deformities in babies to obesity and diabetes.
  • 6. February  24,  2010   Do Toxins Cause Autism? Nicholas  D.  Kristof   . . . .suspicions are growing that one culprit may be chemicals in the environment   Precautionary principle . . . . avoid most plastics marked at the bottom as 3 (PVC/Vinyl) , 6 and 7 because they are the ones associated with potentially harmful toxins.  
  • 7. The Little Princes of Denmark Why do Danes have smaller nuts than Finns—are toxins to blame? By Florence Williams Posted Wednesday, Feb. 24, 2010, at 9:41 AM ET   . . . . Why should you care if you're neither Danish nor Finnish? Because the answer involves environmental toxins that have made their way around the globe.   "It turns out the chemical burden is not the same" for Danish and Finnish baby boys, says researcher Main, who was surprised by the finding. "It's higher here. The higher your burden, as measured in breast milk, the higher the risk of undescended testes."  
  • 8. Source:    Large  Effects  from  Small  Exposures.  I.  Mechanisms  for  Endocrine-­‐DisrupDng   Chemicals  with  Estrogenic  AcDvity   Wade  V.  Welshons,1  KrisBna  A.  Thayer,2  Barbara  M.  Judy,1  Julia  A.  Taylor,1  Edward  M.  Curran, 1  and  Frederick  S.  vom  Saal2   hQp://ehp.niehs.nih.gov/members/2003/5494/5494.html  
  • 9. How  does  the  green  labeling  industry  deal  with  these  chemicals?  
  • 10. 70  household  dust  samples  -­‐  10  states          Phthalate  plasYcizers  ubiquitous   Clean  ProducYon  AcYon  2005   ReproducYve  toxicant   asthma  trigger   obesity  
  • 11. Chemicals  of  Concern  in  a     LEED  PlaYnum  Building?   Almost  Certainly.  
  • 12. Wednesday, November 11, 2009   High BPA levels linked to male sexual problems Study in China is likely to bring further scrutiny of the common chemical By Lyndsey Layton Washington Post Staff Writer
  • 13. More  Emerging  Materials  Issues   Bisphenol  A  -­‐  BPA   July 22, 2009 Did You Know...... that Some Building Products May Expose You to the Chemical Banned from Plastic Bottles?
  • 14. Phthalates  90%  Used  in  Vinyl  :  Bad  For  Kids   December  2009,  EPA  lists  as  a  “Chemical  of  Concern”   Banned  In  Toys   Not  In  Nurseries  
  • 15. Styrofoam  XPS  containing  the  highly   persistent  and  toxic  brominated   flame  retardant  HBCD    received   Cradle  2  Cradle  Silver  
  • 16. Halogenated  flame  retardants  (PBDE):     •   disrupt  thyroid  and  estrogen  hormones   Natural  Step  System  USGBC  Takes  on  tIhe  o030  Challenge   CondiYon  2:   n  2 rder  for  a   society  to  be  sustainable,  nature's  funcYons  and   •   developmental  effects  on  brain  &   diversity  are  not  systemaYcally  subject  to  increasing        reproducDve  systems  (reduced  sperm  count)     concentraDons  of  substances  produced  by  society.    
  • 17. TRADE SECRET Low  fat!  
  • 18. January  4,  2010   •  A  week        A  week  aDer  he  arrived  at  the   agency  in  July,  Steve  Owens,  assistant   administrator  for  the  EPA's  Office  of   Preven=on,  Pes=cides  and  Toxic  Substances,   ended  confiden=ality  protec=on  for  530   chemicals.  In  those  cases,  manufacturers  had   claimed  secrecy  for  chemicals  they  had   promoted  by  name  on  their  Web  sites  or   detailed  in  trade  journals.  
  • 19.    Increasingly  Available  Product  Data                                                (carbon  footprints)                                          (chemicals  of  concern)                      (treatment  of  workers/communiYes)                                                                      +                Web  2.0  Technology   ____________________________   Era  of  Radical  Transparency  
  • 20. •  From  billion-­‐dollar  nonprofits  to   single-­‐person  dot.causes,  these   groups  collec=vely  comprise  the   largest  movement  on  earth,  a   movement  that  has  no  name,   leader,  or  loca=on,  and  that  has   gone  largely  ignored  by   poli=cians  and  the  media.   •   Like  nature  itself,  it  is   organizing  from  the  boTom  up,   in  every  city,  town,  and  culture.   and  is  emerging  to  be  an   extraordinary  and  crea=ve   expression  of  people's  needs   worldwide.  
  • 21. Meaningful  Transparency:    What’s  in  it?  –  Customer,  Occupant  Concerns   How  was  it  made?  Global  Environmental  PerspecDve   Where  did  it  come  from?  OccupaDonal/Community                                          Health  
  • 22.  Customer  ExpectaYon  Create  Transparency   RFI          Manufacturers   •  Design  firm   •  ConstrucYon  firm   Data   •  Health  care  provider   Data  &   Analysis  
  • 23. What  Is  Transparency  Anyway  ?   It’s  not  only  inevitable.       It’s  going  to  be  easier  than  you  think.